Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play / Edition 3

Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play / Edition 3

by Angela Lumpkin
Pub. Date:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education


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Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play / Edition 3

This book challenges you to consider ethical dilemmas in sport and find out where you stand. Featuring a strong background in the philosophy, history, and sociology of sport, it offers new perspectives on the ethical issues facing athletes today -- in youth sports, intercollegiate athletics, the Olympics, and professional sports. With its thought-provoking questions and real-life situations, this book focuses on the theme of moral reasoning and the issues of what winning really means.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900072462097
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 07/01/2002
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Dr. Sharon Kay Stoll serves as the current Director of the Center for ETHICS* at the University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. Dr. Stoll is considered one of the leading authorities in competitive moral education intervention techniques for college age adults in America. Professor of Physical Education and Director of the Center for ETHICS*, Dr. Stoll is a Distinguished Faculty Member and winner of a prestigious University Award for Teaching at the University of Idaho. A former public school teacher, coach, and athlete, Dr. Stoll holds a Ph.D. in sport philosophy from Kent State University, and is the creator and director of the first program in America to be directed toward moral education with competitive populations. The Idaho program includes a minor in sport ethics at the undergraduate level, a master’s degree in sport science, and a Ph.D. in Education. Dr. Stoll is well known for knowledge in teaching and methodology as applied to pedagogy in moral education and character development. In the twenty years Dr. Stoll has been a professor at the University of Idaho, she has published 63+ major journal articles, 20 plus refereed abstracts, 24+ referenced proceedings, authored 8 books and 45 chapters in books, presented over 106 national and international scholarly publications, and given over 100 workshops and clinics. She is consistently ranked in the top 1% in teaching evaluations within the College of Education as well. Her eight books include, “Who Says This IS Cheating”, and “Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play”.

Student learning is the focus of Angela Lumpkin's approach to teaching. She first seeks to learn who her students are and what they know so that she and her students can work together to determine what they need to know and be able to do. This instructional approach has enabled her to help students effectively explore the fields of physical education, exercise science, and sport studies through the variety of courses she had taught from history and philosophy of physical education and sport to sport management. Dr. Lumpkin began her career at the University of North Carolina in 1974, where she advanced to become the first female in the Department of Physical Education to become a full professor. Her undergraduate degree is from the University of Arkansas and her Ph.D. in sport history is from The Ohio State University. Dr. Lumpkin also has an MBA from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is currently Dean of the School of Education at the University of Kansas. Dr. Lumpkin has held leadership positions in the North Carolina Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (NCAHPERD), the National Association for Sport and Physical Education, and many other professional organizations. She is the author of seven books including Introduction to Physical Education, Exercise Science and Sport Studies, fifth edition, and has written numerous refereed articles and made over 100 professional presentations.

Jennifer M. Beller is a Research and Measurement Specialist to the University of Idaho’s Center for ETHICS and the College of Education. Formerly an Associate Professor at Eastern Michigan University, she currently teaches master’s and doctoral classes in research, measurement and evaluation, moral reasoning and moral development, and character education. She holds a doctorate in Sport Ethics and Philosophy from the University of Idaho and is an Affiliate Faculty Member to the Graduate School. She is internationally known for her measurement and evaluation of moral reasoning, moral development, and moral education of competitive and general populations. She the principle author the Hahm-Beller Values Choice Inventory, the definitive moral reasoning instrument in use today for competitive populations that is both valid and reliable. She is a major contributing author/developer to the RSBH Values Judgment Inventory, a valid and reliable cognitive tool that examines an individual’s moral reasoning versus social reasoning. She regularly conducts research, writes, and presents in character education, moral development, and moral reasoning both nationally and internationally and has been features on such programs as Niteline, ESPN sports, Fox News, KREM 2 TV documentaries, the BBC TB in Manchester England, and various newspaper, and radio shows through out the country. She has written or co-authored: Seven books, can chapter in books, 42+ journal publications, 25 abstracts and proceedings, 70+ scholarly and invited talks throughout the world on character education, moral development and moral reasoning of general and competitive populations, developed 5 videos, and 1 interactive multi-media CDROM on performance enhancing drugs and the nature of character, plus presented 50+ character education workshops. She has consulted with: The United States Military Academy, The Unites States Air Force Academy, The US Central Intelligence Agency, the Idaho Supreme Court, The American Bar Association, Cobb county Schools, Marietta. Georgia, Nation Federation of High School Activity Associations, Michigan High School Athletic Association, Idaho High School Activity Association, National Collegiate Athletic Association, and National Coaches Association. She won the Eastern Michigan University Scholarly Recognition Award in 1995-1996 and was listed as one of the top scholars in the 150-year history of Eastern Michigan University. She, her husband and son live on the Mule’s End Ranch in the Hoo Doo Mountains of Idaho, where they raise horses and mules and enjoy the ranching life.

Table of Contents

Part ITheoretical Framework for Moral Reasoning1
Chapter 1The Process of Moral Reasoning3
Everyday Ethical Problems in Sport5
Is This a Scenario about Moral Values? Why?7
A Certain Perspective9
Issues and Dilemmas17
Chapter 2Values, Principles, and You21
Making Choices21
What Is an Ethical Dilemma?21
Selecting Values23
Moral Values26
Selecting Four Values27
Justice: Moral Value One28
Honesty: Moral Value Two29
Responsibility: Moral Value Three29
Beneficence: Moral Value Four29
Writing Principles30
Justice: Principle One--Do Not Be Unfair31
Honesty: Principle Two--Do Not Lie, Cheat, or Steal31
Responsibility: Principle Three--Do Not Be Irresponsible31
Beneficence: Principle Four--Do Not Be Uncivil31
Questioning a Principle31
Colliding Values in Everyday Life33
The Problem with Principles--Never Tell a Lie34
A Principle and Its Demands35
A Scenario about Cheating36
Issues and Dilemmas39
Chapter 3Application and Strategy: Thinking about the Game Plan41
Steps in Thinking Through a Moral Problem43
Step 1Are Any Moral Principles Violated?43
Step 2Are Any Moral Rules Violated?43
Step 3Is This Case an Exception?43
Step 4Are the Rules Justified?44
Step 5How Can the Rules Be Changed?45
Obstacles and Fallacies in Reasoning46
Cultural and Relative Ethics47
False Obstruction of Theory and Practice47
Other Obstacles: Fallacies in Reasoning47
The Fallacy of Authority47
Ad Hominem Arguments47
Misplaced and Improperly Placed Authority48
The Appeal to Force48
The Appeal to Pity and Ridicule48
Begging the Question48
Psychological Obstacles48
A Final Comment on Courage48
Issues and Dilemmas50
Part IIApplication of Moral Reasoning to Sport53
Chapter 4Intimidation, Competition, and Sportsmanship55
Intimidation and Its Role in Competition55
Defining Intimidation55
Coaching Intimidation: Purposeful56
Coaching Intimidation: Nonpurposeful57
Intimidation from the Player's Point of View57
Intimidation by the Athlete: Purposeful59
Physical Intimidation: Purposeful60
Nonpurposeful Psychological and Physiological Intimidation61
Physical Intimidation: Nonpurposeful62
External Forms of Intimidation63
Issues and dilemmas64
Chapter 5Violence in Sport67
Types and Purposes of Rules68
Constitutive Rules68
Proscriptive Rules68
Sportsmanship Rules69
Ethical Conduct or Not70
Is Winning the Only Thing?70
Categorical Imperatives72
How Violence Affects Sport72
Why Violence Exists72
Why Violent Behavior Is Taught73
Why Violence Is Condoned74
Why and How Violence Is Rewarded75
The Impact of Violence on Sport75
Issues and Dilemmas78
Chapter 6Eligibility in Sport85
Historical and Sociological Perspectives85
Youth Sport86
Interscholastic Sport87
Intercollegiate Sport89
Olympic Sport95
Eligibility and Moral Reasoning96
Ethical Dilemmas Regarding Eligibility97
Issues and Dilemmas101
Chapter 7Sport Elimination109
Competitive Athletics Are Not For Everyone109
Factors Leading to Sport Dropout111
Lack of Skills111
Not Fun Anymore115
Pressures to Win118
Sport Burnout121
Physical Burnout121
Psychological Burnout124
Social Burnout126
Issues and Dilemmas128
Chapter 8Commercialized Sport137
Sport for Public Relations and Promotions139
Youth Sport139
Interscholastic Sport140
Intercollegiate Sport141
Professional Sport143
Commercialized Sport as a Business144
Youth Sport and Interscholastic Sport145
Intercollegiate Sport145
Professional Sport147
Sport as Entertainment147
Youth and Interscholastic Sport147
Intercollegiate Sport148
Professional Sport148
Sport as a Transmitter of Economic Values150
Economic Concerns and Rule Violations150
Youth Sport150
Intercollegiate Sport150
Ethical Dilemmas Relative to Commercialization153
Issues and Dilemmas156
Chapter 9Racial Equity: African Americans in Sport163
Historical Perspective of Racial Inequity in Sport164
From Exclusion to Opportunities Limited by Economic Realities164
School Segregation Gives Way to Integration165
Integration of Intercollegiate Sport165
Professional Sport167
Societal Attitudes167
Are Organizational Policies Affecting African Americans Disproportionately?169
Role Models169
Stacking and a Quota System170
African American Athletes as Portrayed in the Media171
Dispelling Myths171
Issues and Dilemmas175
Chapter 10Gender Equity in Sport183
Historical Perspectives183
Gender Inequity in Sport184
Limited Opportunities185
Governing Organizations and Policies for Women's Intercollegiate Athletics186
Title IX186
Outcomes of Change188
Interscholastic Sport Changes for Girls188
Societal Attitudes190
Continuing Questions192
Moral Education194
Issues and Dilemmas196
Part IIIApplication of Moral Reasoning in Other Physical Activity Settings205
Chapter 11Ergogenic Aids for Sport Performance207
Use of Ergogenic Aids208
Anabolic Steroids210
Human Growth Hormone212
Blood Doping213
The Dilemmas of Drug Testing214
Opposition to Drug Testing214
Thwarting Drug Testing215
Justifications for Drug Testing215
Educating against Drug Use in Sport215
Other Related Issues216
Taking Ergogenic Aids that May Cause Health Problems216
Using Ergogenic Aids for Weight Gain and Loss217
Possible Changes in How Drugs Are Viewed in Sport217
Issues and Dilemmas219
Chapter 12Ethical Considerations of Technology in Sport227
A Sporting Challenge229
An Alternative Argument230
Direct Harm231
Technology in a Bottle232
Summary: The Fine Line232
Issues and Dilemmas234
Chapter 13Sport Science, Physical Education, and Research239
Professional Responsibility in the Workplace239
Professional Responsibility as Part of Our Social and Ethical Responsibilities to Society240
Understanding Professional Responsibility241
Sport Science Example241
A Question of Professional Loyalty243
Being a Professional and Its Relationship to Professional Ethics244
Codes of Ethics244
Codes of Ethics in Physical Education246
Codes of Ethics in Sport Science and Research246
Human Subjects Review Boards in Research247
Informed Consent in Research248
Issues and Dilemmas250
Chapter 14Epilogue: Morality in Sport255
Moral Reasoning: A Review255
Moral and Nonmoral Values: A Review256
Moral Reasoning in Relation to Sport and Social Issues: A Review257
Moral Reasoning In Relation to the Sport Science Discipline: A Review258
Issues and Dilemmas259
A Look to the Future262

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