Sport Nutrition - 2nd Edition / Edition 2

Sport Nutrition - 2nd Edition / Edition 2

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Human Kinetics Publishers

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Sport Nutrition - 2nd Edition / Edition 2

The new edition of Sport Nutrition: An Introduction to Energy Production and Performance presents the principles, background, and rationale for current nutrition guidelines specifically for athletes. Using a physiological basis, this text provides an in-depth look at the science behind sport nutrition. Students will come away with a comprehensive understanding of nutrition as it relates to sport and the influence of nutrition on exercise performance, training, and recovery.

The chapters and the material within each chapter are sequenced in a logical order that will help instructors deliver a better course and spend less time in preparing lectures and tutorials. Instructors will also enjoy the completely new ancillaries with this edition, including an online instructor guide, test package, PowerPoint presentation package, and image bank. This text contains updated and expanded information to keep students current on the latest findings in sport nutrition:

•    A new chapter on training adaptations, including effects of nutrition on overtraining

•    New information on weight management and body composition for athletes

•    New research on carbohydrate and new recommendations for carbohydrate intake during training

•    An expanded discussion on the role of protein in strength and endurance exercise training

•    The latest information on exercise, nutrition, and immune function

The new content complements the strong foundational information that the authors provided in the previous edition, including fuel sources for muscle and exercise metabolism, energy requirements for various sports, and a complete grounding in the macronutrients (carbohydrate, fat, and protein) and the micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). With more than 200 illustrations, new highlight boxes, and tables and sidebars throughout the text, students will be able to more easily grasp the scientific concepts presented in this text. Each chapter also includes learning objectives, key terms, and key points to help readers retain the information. The text presents not only nutrition principles but also the exercise biochemistry involved and the energy needs of athletes. Readers will better understand how supplements may be used in an athlete’s diet, and they will learn how to separate fact from fallacy regarding the claims of the numerous nutritional supplements available today.

More than a simple prescription of recommendations, this second edition of Sport Nutrition features a unique presentation that facilitates readers’ understanding of the science supporting the nutrition recommendations. As a result, students will be prepared for advanced study and future careers, and professionals will gain the knowledge and confidence to provide sound advice to athletes. 

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780736079624
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Publication date: 12/31/2009
Pages: 488
Sales rank: 310,229
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.90(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Nutrients

Function of Nutrients





Vitamins, Minerals, and Trace Elements


Chapter 2. Nutrients and Recommended Intakes

Essential Nutrients

Development of Recommended Intakes

Current Recommended Intakes

Practical Guidelines for a Balanced Healthy Diet

Food Labels

Analyzing Dietary Intake

Chapter 3. Fuel Sources for Muscle and Exercise Metabolism

Subcellular Skeletal Muscle Structure

Force Generation in Skeletal Muscle

Fiber Types

Energy for Muscle Force Generation

Fuel Stores in Skeletal Muscle

Regulation of Energy Metabolism

Metabolic Responses to Exercise

Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise Training

Chapter 4. Energy

Energetic Efficiency

Measuring the Energy Content of Food

Measuring Energy Expenditure

Components of Energy Expenditure

Energy Balance

Chapter 5. Gastric Emptying, Digestion, and Absorption

Anatomy of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Regulation of the Gastrointestinal Tract



Function of Bacteria in the Colon

Regulation of Gastric Emptying

Gastrointestinal Problems During and After Exercise
Chapter 6. Carbohydrate


Role of Carbohydrate

Recommendations for Carbohydrate Intake

Carbohydrate Intake Days Before Competition

Carbohydrate Intake Hours Before Exercise

Carbohydrate Intake 30 to 60 Minutes Before Exercise

Carbohydrate During Exercise

Carbohydrate After Exercise

Chapter 7. Fat

Fat Metabolism During Exercise

Limits to Fat Oxidation

Fat as a Fuel During Exercise

Regulation of Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism

Fat Supplementation and Exercise

Effect of Diet on Fat Metabolism and Performance
Chapter 8. Protein and Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Techniques to Study Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism

Protein Requirements for Exercise

Training and Protein Metabolism

Effect of Protein Intake on Protein Synthesis

Amino Acids as Ergogenic Aids

Protein Intake and Health Risks

Chapter 9. Water Requirements and Fluid Balance

Thermoregulation and Exercise in the Heat

Effects of Dehydration on Exercise Performance

Mechanisms of Heat Illness

Effects of Fluid Intake on Exercise Performance

Daily Water Balance

Fluid Requirements for Athletes

Chapter 10. Vitamins and Minerals

Water-Soluble and Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Recommended Intakes of Vitamins

Macrominerals and Microminerals

Recommended Intakes of Minerals

Critical Micronutrient Functions

Assessing Micronutrient Status

Exercise and Micronutrient Requirements

Ergogenic Effect of Micronutrient Supplementation

Recommendations for Micronutrient Intake in Athletes

Chapter 11. Nutrition Supplements

Nonregulation of Nutrition Supplements

Critical Evaluation of Nutrition Supplements Studies


Bee Pollen

Beta Alanine and Carnosine

Beta-Hydroxy Beta Methylbutyrate






Coenzyme Q10



Fish Oil




Lactate Salts and Polylactate


Medium-Chain Triacylglycerol

Pangamic Acid



Pyruvate (and Dihydroxyacetone)

Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Citrate


Wheat Germ Oil

Contamination of Nutrition Supplements

Chapter 12. Nutrition and Training Adaptations

Training Adaptations

Signal Transduction Pathways

Starting a Signaling Cascade

Secondary Signals

Nutrition Effects on Training Adaptations


Chapter 13. Body Composition

Optimal Body Weight and Composition

Body Composition Models

NormalRangesof Body Weight and Body Fat

Chapter 14. Weight Management

Body Weight and Composition in Different Sports


Energy and Macronutrient Intake

Regulation of Appetite

Effect of Exercise on Appetite

Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure

Dietary Weight-Loss Methods

Exercise for Weight Loss

Decreased Resting Metabolic Rate With Weight Loss

Weight Cycling

Gender Differences in Weight Loss

Practicalities of Weight Loss for Athletes

Defining the Strategy

Chapter 15. Eating Disorders in Athletes

Types of Eating Disorders

Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Athletes

Risk Factors

Effects of Eating Disorders on Sports Performance

Effects of Eating Disorders on the Athlete’s Health

Treatment and Prevention of Eating Disorders

Chapter 16. Nutrition and Immune Function in Athletes

Functions of the Immune System and Its Cellular Components

General Mechanism of the Immune Response

Effects of Exercise on the Immune System

Nutritional Manipulations to Decrease Immunodepression in Athletes

Mechanisms of Nutritional Influences on Immune Function in Athletes

Conclusions and Recommendations

Appendix A. Key Concepts in Biological Chemistry Relevant to Sport Nutrition

Appendix B. Unit Conversion Tables

Appendix C. Recommended Daily Allowances for North America

Appendix D. Reference Nutrient Intakes for the United Kingdom

Appendix E. Recommended Dietary Intakes for Australia




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