This book explores several cultural and historical paths intertwined in the genesis and development of sport and physical activities within colonial and postcolonial contexts. As far as youth organizations and Western-based sports are concerned, the Independencies political split needs to be reconsidered, from a cultural perspective with practices overlapping spatial, chronological and epistemological borders. When looking at the variety of practices, the colonial legacies and the ensuing migration journeys through a global perspective, there is a need to understand the diverse ways of composing and building the postcolonial sport worlds. Multiculturalism (South Africa, France, Algeria), transnational journeys (Pacific Islands), rebuilding of national identities through sporting institutions (Ireland, West Africa), racialization of the society (Rwanda, South Africa), gender control (from the West-East to the North-South gap), sportization of traditional/old games (Americas), and so on. Following the various studies shaping this book, the ambivalence of sporting and physical activities’ paths comes up. It is apparent these trajectories have generated a mixed feeling of adhesion and repulsion towards Western hegemonies in postcolonial societies.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
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About the Author
Nicolas Bancel is historian and professor at the University of Lausanne where he is Director of the Institut des sciences du sport et de l’éducation physique. He is a specialist in the history of sport in a colonial and postcolonial context and also works on the political imaginary of colonialisation.
Thomas Riot is researcher and teacher at the Institute of Sport Studies of Lausanne University. He currently realizes (as part of a post-doctorate) a cultural and comparative history of African de-colonizations.
Stanislas Frenkiel is socio-historian of sport with a specific interest in international sporting migration. He currently works as lecturer at the UFR STAPS of the University of Artois-Liévin.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Rethinking Postcolonial Worlds through Physical Activities
Stanislas Frenkiel, Thomas Riot and Nicolas Bancel
2. Sports Mobilities Across Borders: Postcolonial Perspectives
3. Physical Activities through Postcolonial Eyes: A Place of Epistemologic and Historiographical Experimentation
4. ‘Last Zulu Warrior Standing’: Cultural Legacies of Racial Stereotyping and Embodied Enthno-Branding in South Africa
Benedict Carton and John Nauright
5. Not Quite Free? Irish Postcoloniality and the Career of Pat O’Callaghan
6. Imperialisms in the Olympics of the Colonization in the Postcolonization: Africa into the International Olympic Committee, 1910 – 1965
7. From Baggataway to Lacrosse: An Example of the Sportization of Native American Games
8. A Roundabout Revolution: Rethinking the Decolonization of Rwanda by the Practices of the Catholic Scouting Movement, 1954 – 1964
9. Migratory Networks Used by Algerian Professional Footballers in France: From Colonial Times to the Postcolonial Era, 1932 – 1991
10. Gender Verifications in Sport: From an East/West Antagonism to a North/South Antagonism