SPSS Base 7.5 for Windows: User's Guide / Edition 1

SPSS Base 7.5 for Windows: User's Guide / Edition 1

by SPSS Inc. Staff, SPSS
ISBN-10:
0136572146
ISBN-13:
9780136572145
Pub. Date:
12/09/1996
Publisher:
Prentice Hall

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Overview

SPSS Base 7.5 for Windows: User's Guide / Edition 1

This is the primary guide to SPSS Base 7.5. It documents all features of the software, including: data definition and other features of the Data Editor, data modification and file management; output management including the SPSS Navigator; statistics and graphics procedures including pivot tables; chart editing; production mode operation; and utilities for getting information (including help) and controlling the environment. It also covers the additional higher-level statistical procedures now part of SPSS Base. These procedures include: factor, discriminate, cluster, quick cluster and proximities. Statistical procedures are accompanied by examples of output; users who want more information about the procedures and the output they produce should see the SPSS Base 7.5 Applications Guide.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780136572145
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Publication date: 12/09/1996
Pages: 628
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.03(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

1 Overview
1(26)
What's New in SPSS 7.5?
1(2)
Windows
3(3)
Designated versus Active Window
5(1)
Menus
6(6)
Data Editor Menus
6(1)
Output Navigator Menus
7(1)
Pivot Table Editor Menus
8(1)
Chart Editor Menus
8(1)
Text Output Editor Menus
9(1)
Syntax Editor Menus
10(1)
Script Editor Menus
10(1)
Menu Editor
11(1)
To Add Items to the SPSS Menus
11(1)
Toolbars
12(7)
Customizing Toolbars
14(1)
To Customize Toolbars
15(1)
Status Bar
19(1)
Dialog Boxes
20(4)
Dialog Box Pushbuttons
21(1)
Subdialog Boxes
21(1)
Selecting Variables
21(3)
Basic Steps in Data Analysis
24(1)
Statistics Coach
25(1)
Finding Out More about SPSS
25(2)
2 Getting Help
27(6)
Copying Help Text
31(2)
3 Data Files
33(22)
Opening a Data File
33(3)
Data File Types
34(1)
Opening File Options
34(1)
How SPSS Reads Spreadsheet Data
34(1)
How SPSS Reads dBASE Files
35(1)
How SPSS Reads Tab-Delimited Files
36(1)
Reading Database Files with ODBC
36(8)
Select a Data Source
37(1)
Database Login
38(1)
Select Data Fields
38(6)
Verifying Results
44(1)
To Read Excel 5 Files with ODBC
44(1)
ASCII Text Data Files
45(7)
Define Fixed Variables
45(4)
DATA LIST Command Additional Features
49(1)
Define Freefield Variables
50(2)
File Information
52(1)
Saving Data Files
53(2)
Saving File Options
54(1)
4 Data Editor
55(18)
Define Variable
56(4)
Variable Names
57(1)
Define Variable Type
57(1)
Define Labels
58(1)
Define Missing Values
59(1)
Define Column Format
60(1)
Templates
60(2)
Entering Data
62(3)
Data Value Restrictions
64(1)
Editing Data
65(4)
Cutting, Copying, and Pasting Data Values
66(1)
Inserting New Cases
67(1)
Inserting New Variables
67(1)
Moving Variables
68(1)
Changing Data Type
68(1)
Go to Case
69(1)
Search for Data
69(1)
Case Selection Status in the Data Editor
70(1)
Data Editor Display Options
71(2)
5 Data Transformations
73(20)
Compute Variable
73(3)
Compute Variable: If Cases
75(1)
Compute Variable: Type and Label
75(1)
Functions
76(1)
Missing Values in Functions
76(1)
Random Number Seed
77(1)
Count Occurrences of Values within Cases
77(2)
Count Values within Cases: Values to Count
78(1)
Recording Values
79(4)
Recode into Same Variables
79(2)
Recode into Different Variables
81(2)
Rank Cases
83(3)
Rank Cases: Types
84(1)
Rank Cases: Ties
85(1)
Automatic Recode
86(1)
Time Series Data Transformations
87(6)
Define Dates
87(1)
Create Time Series
88(3)
Replace Missing Values
91(2)
6 File Handling and File Transformations
93(18)
Sort Cases
93(1)
Transpose
94(1)
Merging Data Files
95(5)
Add Cases
95(3)
Add Variables
98(2)
Apply SPSS Dictionary
100(1)
Applying an SPSS Dictionary to Weighted Data Files
101(1)
Aggregate Data
101(2)
Aggregate Data: Aggregate Function
102(1)
Aggregate Data: Variable Name and Label
103(1)
Split File
103(2)
Select Cases
105(3)
Select Cases: If
106(1)
Select Cases: Random Sample
107(1)
Select Cases: Range
107(1)
Weight Cases
108(3)
7 Working with Output
111(44)
Output Navigator
111(7)
Saving Output
112(1)
Showing and Hiding Results
113(1)
Moving, Copying, and Deleting Output
114(1)
Changing Output Alignment
115(1)
Output Navigator Outline
116(2)
Pivot Tables
118(10)
Manipulating a Pivot Table
118(5)
Working with Layers
123(3)
Showing and Hiding Cells
126(2)
Editing Output
128(18)
Changing the Appearance of Tables
128(2)
Table Properties
130(5)
Font
135(1)
Set Data Cell Widths
136(1)
Cell Properties
137(4)
Footnote Marker
141(1)
Selecting Rows and Columns in Pivot Tables
142(1)
Modifying Output
143(1)
Working with Text Output
144(2)
Using SPSS Output in Other Applications
146(3)
To Embed a Pivot Table in Another Application
147(1)
To Paste a Table or Chart as a Picture
148(1)
Pasting Objects into the SPSS Output Navigator
149(1)
Export Output
150(1)
To Export Output
150(1)
HTML Options
152(1)
Text Options
152(1)
Chart Size
153(2)
8 Working with Command Syntax
155(6)
Command Syntax Rules
155(1)
Creating Command Syntax from Dialog Boxes
156(1)
To Paste Command Syntax from a Dialog Box
157(1)
Using Syntax from the Output Log
157(2)
Using Syntax from the Journal File
159(1)
To Run Command Syntax
160(1)
9 Frequencies
161(6)
Sample Output
162(1)
To Obtain Frequencies and Statistics
163(4)
Frequencies Statistics
164(1)
Frequencies Charts
165(1)
Frequencies Format
165(1)
FREQUENCIES Command Additional Features
166(1)
10 Descriptives
167(4)
Sample Output
168(1)
To Obtain Descriptive Statistics
168(3)
Descriptives Options
169(1)
DESCRIPTIVES Command Additional Features
169(2)
11 Explore
171(8)
Sample Output
172(1)
To Explore Your Data
173(6)
Explore Statistics
174(1)
Explore Plots
175(1)
Explore Options
176(1)
EXAMINE Command Additional Features
177(2)
12 Crosstabs
179(6)
Sample Output
180(1)
To Obtain Crosstabulations
181(4)
Crosstabs Layers
182(1)
Crosstabs Clustered Bar Charts
182(1)
Crosstabs Statistics
182(1)
Crosstabs Cell Display
183(1)
Crosstabs Table Format
184(1)
CROSSTABS Command Additional Features
184(1)
13 Summarize
185(6)
Sample Output
186(1)
To Obtain Case Summaries
186(5)
Summarize Options
188(1)
Summarize Statistics
188(1)
SUMMARIZE Command Additional Features
189(2)
14 Means
191(4)
Sample Output
192(1)
To Obtain Means
193(2)
Means Options
194(1)
MEANS Command Additional Features
194(1)
15 T Tests
195(10)
Independent-Samples T Test
195(1)
Sample Output
196(1)
To Obtain an Independent-Samples T Test
197(2)
Independent-Samples T Test Define Groups
198(1)
Independent-Samples T Test Options
198(1)
Paired-Samples T Test
199(1)
Sample Output
200(1)
To Obtain a Paired-Samples T Test
200(1)
Paired-Samples T Test Options
201(1)
One-Sample T Test
201(1)
Sample Output
202(1)
To Obtain a One-Sample T Test
203(2)
One-Sample T Test Options
203(1)
T-TEST Command Additional Features
204(1)
16 One-Way Analysis of Variance
205(6)
Sample Output
206(1)
To Obtain a One-Way Analysis of Variance
207(4)
One-Way ANOVA Contrasts
208(1)
One-Way ANOVA Post Hoc Tests
209(1)
One-Way ANOVA Options
210(1)
ONEWAY Command Additional Features
210(1)
17 Simple Factorial Analysis of Variance
211(6)
Sample Output
212(1)
To Obtain a Simple Factorial Analysis of Variance
213(4)
Simple Factorial ANOVA Define Range
213(1)
Simple Factorial ANOVA Options
214(1)
ANOVA Command Additional Features
215(2)
18 Bivariate Correlations
217(4)
Sample Output
218(1)
To Obtain Bivariate Correlations
219(2)
Bivariate Correlations Options
220(1)
CORRELATIONS and NONPAR CORR Command Additional Features
220(1)
19 Partial Correlations
221(4)
Sample Output
222(1)
To Obtain Partial Correlations
223(2)
Partial Correlations Options
224(1)
PARTIAL CORR Command Additional Features
224(1)
20 Distances
225(4)
To Obtain a Distance Matrix
225(4)
Distances Dissimilarity Measures
226(1)
Distances Similarity Measures
227(1)
PROXIMITIES Command Additional Features
228(1)
21 Linear Regression
229(10)
Sample Output
230(2)
To Obtain a Linear Regression Analysis
232(7)
Linear Regression Variable Selection Methods
233(1)
Linear Regression Set Rule
233(1)
Linear Regression Plots
234(1)
Linear Regression Save
235(1)
Linear Regression Statistics
236(1)
Linear Regression Options
237(1)
REGRESSION Command Additional Features
238(1)
22 Curve Estimation
239(6)
Sample Output
240(1)
To Obtain a Curve Estimation
241(4)
Curve Estimation Models
242(1)
Curve Estimation Save
242(1)
CURVEFIT Command Additional Features
243(2)
23 Discriminant Analysis
245(8)
Sample Output
246(1)
To Obtain a Discriminant Analysis
247(6)
Discriminant Analysis Define Range
247(1)
Discriminant Analysis Select Cases
248(1)
Discriminant Analysis Statistics
248(1)
Discriminant Analysis Stepwise Method
249(1)
Discriminant Analysis Classify
249(1)
Discriminant Analysis Save
250(1)
DISCRIMINANT Command Additional Features
250(3)
24 Factor Analysis
253(10)
Sample Output
254(3)
To Obtain a Factor Analysis
257(1)
Factor Analysis Select Cases
257(1)
Factor Analysis Descriptives
258(1)
To Specify Descriptive Statistics and Correlation Coefficients
258(1)
Factor Analysis Extraction
259(1)
To Specify Extraction Options
259(1)
Factor Analysis Rotation
260(1)
To Specify Rotation Options
260(1)
Factor Analysis Scores
261(1)
To Specify Factor Score Options
261(1)
Factor Analysis Options
262(1)
To Specify Factor Analysis Options
262(1)
FACTOR Command Additional Features
262(1)
25 Hierarchical Cluster Analysis
263(8)
Sample Output
264(2)
To Obtain a Hierarchical Cluster Analysis
266(5)
Hierarchical Cluster Analysis Method
267(1)
Hierarchical Cluster Analysis Statistics
268(1)
Hierarchical Cluster Analysis Plots
269(1)
Hierarchical Cluster Analysis Save New Variables
269(1)
CLUSTER Command Additional Features
270(1)
26 K-Means Cluster Analysis
271(6)
Sample Output
272(2)
To Obtain a K-Means Cluster Analysis
274(3)
K-Means Cluster Analysis Efficiency
274(1)
K-Means Cluster Analysis Iterate
275(1)
K-Means Cluster Analysis Save
275(1)
K-Means Cluster Analysis Options
276(1)
QUICK CLUSTER Command Additional Features
276(1)
27 Nonparametric Tests
277(28)
Chi-Square Test
278(1)
Sample Output
278(2)
To Obtain a Chi-Square Test
280(2)
Chi-Square Test Expected Range and Expected Values
280(1)
Chi-Square Test Options
281(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (Chi-Square Test)
281(1)
Binomial Test
282(1)
Sample Output
282(1)
To Obtain a Binomial Test
283(1)
Binomial Test Options
283(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (Binomial Test)
284(1)
Runs Test
284(1)
Sample Output
285(1)
To Obtain a Runs Test
285(2)
Runs Test Cut Point
286(1)
Runs Test Options
286(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (Runs Test)
287(1)
One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test
287(1)
Sample Output
288(1)
To Obtain a One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test
288(2)
One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test Options
289(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test)
290(1)
Two-Independent-Samples Tests
290(1)
Sample Output
291(1)
To Obtain Two-Independent-Samples Tests
291(3)
Two-Independent-Samples Test Types
292(1)
Two-Independent-Samples Tests Define Groups
293(1)
Two-Independent-Samples Tests Options
293(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (Two Independent Samples)
294(1)
Tests for Several Independent Samples
294(1)
Sample Output
295(1)
To Obtain Tests for Several Independent Samples
295(3)
Several Independent Samples Test Types
296(1)
Tests for Several Independent Samples Define Range
297(1)
Tests for Several Independent Samples Options
297(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (K Independent Samples)
298(1)
Two-Related-Samples Tests
298(1)
Sample Output
298(1)
To Obtain Two-Related-Samples Tests
299(2)
Two-Related-Samples Test Types
300(1)
Two-Related-Samples Test Options
300(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (Two Related Samples)
301(1)
Tests for Several Related Samples
301(1)
Sample Output
302(1)
To Obtain Tests for Several Related Samples
302(3)
Tests for Several Related Samples Test Types
303(1)
Tests for Several Related Samples Statistics
303(1)
NPAR TESTS Command Additional Features (K Related Samples)
303(2)
28 Multiple Response Analysis
305(10)
Multiple Response Define Sets
306(1)
To Define Multiple Response Sets
307
Multiple Response Frequencies
307(3)
Sample Output
309(1)
To Obtain Multiple Response Frequencies
309(1)
Multiple Response Crosstabs
310(5)
Sample Output
311(1)
To Obtain Multiple Response Crosstabs
311(2)
MULT RESPONSE Command Additional Features
313(2)
29 Reporting Results
315(14)
Report Summaries in Rows
315(7)
Sample Output
316(1)
To Obtain a Summary Report: Summaries in Rows
317(1)
Report Column Format
318(1)
Report Summary Lines
318(1)
Report Break Options
319(1)
Report Options
320(1)
Report Layout
320(1)
Report Titles
321(1)
Report Summaries in Columns
322(7)
Sample Output
323(1)
To Obtain a Summary Report: Summaries in Columns
323(1)
Report Summary Lines
324(1)
Total Summary Column
325(1)
Report Column Format
326(1)
Report Break Options for Summaries in Columns
326(1)
Report Options for Summaries in Columns
326(1)
Report Layout for Summaries in Columns
327(1)
REPORT Command Additional Features
327(2)
30 Overview of the SPSS Chart Facility
329(12)
How to Create and Modify a Char
329(4)
Creating the Chart
329(3)
Modifying the Chart
332(1)
Exporting Charts
333(1)
Specifying a File Type
334(1)
Specifying File Type Options
334(1)
Chart Definition Global Options
334(7)
Titles, Subtitles, and Footnotes
335(1)
Options
336(2)
Chart Templates
338(3)
31 Bar, Line, Area, and Pie Charts
341(34)
How to Obtain Bar, Line, Area, and Pie Charts
342(27)
Bar Charts
343(8)
Line Charts
351(8)
Area Charts
359(6)
Pie Charts
365(4)
Transposed Charts
369(6)
Summary Functions
370(5)
32 High-Low Charts
375(16)
How to Obtain High-Low Charts
375(16)
33 Boxplots and Error Bar Charts
391(8)
How to Obtain a Boxplot
391(4)
Defining Boxplots
392(3)
How to Obtain an Error Bar Chart
395(4)
Defining Error Bar Charts
396(3)
34 Scatterplots and Histograms
399(8)
How to Obtain a Scatterplot
399(5)
Defining Simple Scatterplots
400(1)
Defining Scatterplot Matrices
401(1)
Defining Overlay Scatterplots
402(1)
Defining 3-D Scatterplots
403(1)
How to Obtain a Histogram
404(3)
35 Pareto and Control Charts
407(24)
How to Obtain a Pareto Chart
407(7)
How to Obtain a Control Chart
414(17)
Control Chart Options
428(3)
36 Probability Plots
431(6)
How to Obtain Probability Plots
431(6)
Weighted Data
435(2)
37 Sequence Charts
437(6)
How to Obtain Sequence Charts
437(6)
Time Axis Reference Lines
439(1)
Formatting Options
440(3)
38 Autocorrelation and Cross-Correlation
443(6)
How to Obtain Autocorrelation and Partial Autocorrelation Charts
443(3)
Options
445(1)
How to Obtain Cross-Correlation Charts
446(3)
Options
447(2)
39 Modifying Charts
449(28)
Exploring Data with the Chart Editor
449(2)
Enhancing Charts for Presentation
451(2)
Editing in a Chart Window
453(3)
Chart Menus
453(2)
Selecting Objects to Modify
455(1)
Changing Chart Types (Gallery Menu)
456(14)
Additional Chart Types
456(3)
Selecting and Arranging Data (Series Menu)
459(1)
Bar, Line, and Area Chart Displayed Data
460(1)
Pie Chart Displayed Data
461(1)
High-Low-Close Displayed Data
462(1)
Range Bar Displayed Data
463(1)
Difference Line Displayed Data
464(1)
Error Bar Displayed Data
465(1)
Simple Scatterplot Displayed Data
465(2)
Overlay Scatterplot Displayed Data
467(1)
Scatterplot Matrix Displayed Data
468(1)
3-D Scatterplot Displayed Data
468(1)
Histogram Displayed Data
469(1)
Transposing Data
469(1)
Case Identification in Scatterplots and Boxplots
470(7)
Point Selection
471(1)
Labels
472(2)
Locating a Case
474(2)
Finding a Case
476(1)
40 Modifying Chart Elements: Chart Menu
477(46)
Accessing Chart Options
478(1)
Bar/Line/Area Options
479(2)
Pie Options
481(4)
Boxplot Options
485(1)
Error Bar Options
486(1)
Scatterplot Options: Simple and Matrix
486(7)
Overlay Scatterplot Options
493(1)
3-D Scatterplot Options
494(2)
Histogram Options
496(1)
Axis Characteristics
497(14)
Bar Spacing
511(1)
Adding or Changing Explanatory Text
512(6)
Adding Reference Lines
518(1)
Inner and Outer Frames
519(2)
Refreshing the Screen
521(2)
41 Modifying Chart Attributes: Format, Font, and Size Menus
523(18)
Modifying Attributes (Format Menu)
523(18)
Palettes
524(10)
Changing or Rotating the Axes
534(3)
Exploding Pie Chart Slices
537(1)
Handling Missing Data in a Line Chart
538(3)
42 Utilities
541(6)
Variable Information
541(1)
Variable Sets
542(3)
Define Variable Sets
543(1)
Use Sets
544(1)
Reordering Target Variable Lists
545(2)
43 Options
547(10)
General Options
548(1)
Navigator Options
549(1)
Output Label Options
550(1)
Chart Options
551(1)
Pivot Table Options
552(1)
Data Options
553(1)
Currency Options
554(1)
Script Options
555(2)
44 Printing
557(10)
Output Navigator Printing
557(6)
Print Preview
558(1)
Page Setup
559(3)
Controlling Table Breaks for Wide and Long Tables
562(1)
Data Editor Printing
563(2)
Command Syntax Printing
565(2)
45 SPSS Production Facility
567(10)
Syntax Rules for the SPSS Production Facility
568(1)
Production Export Options
569(1)
User Prompts
570(1)
Production Macro Prompting
571(1)
Production Options
572(1)
Format Control for Production Jobs
572(3)
Controlling Pivot Table Format with Command Syntax
574(1)
Running Production Jobs from a Command Line
575(2)
46 SPSS Scripting Facility
577(28)
To Run a Script
577(2)
Autoscripts
579(1)
Creating and Editing Scripts
580(8)
To Edit a Script
581(1)
Script Window
582(2)
Starter Scripts
584(1)
Creating Autoscripts
585(3)
How Scripts Work
588(7)
Declaring Variables
590(1)
Getting Automation Objects
591(2)
Properties and Methods
593(1)
The Object Browser
594(1)
Procedures
595(1)
To Add a New Procedure in a Script
595(1)
Global Procedures
596(1)
Scripting Custom Dialog Boxes
596(5)
To Create a Custom Dialog Box
597(1)
Dialog Monitor Functions (DialogFunc)
598(3)
Debugging Scripts
601(2)
To Step through a Script
601(1)
The Debugging Pane
602(1)
Script Files and Syntax Files
603(2)
Running Command Syntax from a Script
603(1)
Running a Script from Command Syntax
604(1)
Index 605

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