Standard and Microscale Experiments in General Chemistry / Edition 5

Standard and Microscale Experiments in General Chemistry / Edition 5

by Carl B. Bishop
ISBN-10:
0534424570
ISBN-13:
2900534424571
Pub. Date:
05/08/2003
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
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Overview

Standard and Microscale Experiments in General Chemistry / Edition 5

This comprehensive lab manual contains a high number of experiments without sacrificing organizational clarity and now includes new categories on Energy, Kinetics, and Equilibrium. All experiments have undergone significant testing before being finalized, and many microscale experiments have been added to allow more efficient and cost-effective means of conducting experiments. This new edition features an increased number of experiments, including microscale.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900534424571
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 05/08/2003
Edition description: REV
Pages: 576
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

To the Laboratory Instructor. To the Student. Acknowledgments. LABORATORY TECHNIQUES. A. HANDLING CHEMICALS. Solids. Liquids. B. DETERMINATION OF MASS AND WEIGHT. Triple-Beam and Platform Balances. Toploading Balances. C. VOLUMETRIC TECHNIQUES - THE MEASUREMENTS OF VOLUME. Macroscale Techniques (Graduated Cylinders). Volumetric Pipets. Burets and Titration Procedures. Volumetric Flasks and Microscale Methods Construction of Stretch Stem Micropipets. D. LABORATORY GAS BURNER. E. HEATING AND EVAPORATING LIQUIDS. F. SEPARATION TECHNIQUES. Gravity Filtration. Vacuum Filtration. Use of Centrifuges. G. IGNITION OF CRUCIBLE AND PRECIPITATES. H. WORKING AND HANDLING GLASS. Cutting Glass. Fire Polishing Glass. Bending Glass. Inserting Glass Tubing, Thermometers, and Funnel Stems into Corks and Rubber Stoppers. I. COLLECTING GASES. Testing for Odor. Collection for Gases. An Improvised Fume Hood. J. SPECTROPHOTOMETER. Calibration and Use of Spectrophotometer. Measurements of Sample. K. TREATMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL DATA. Significant Figures and Calculations. Report Average Values. L. PH METER. M. MELTING AND BOILING DETERMINATION. Melting Point Determination. Boiling Point Determination. EQUIPMENT. Common Laboratory Safety Equipment. Common Laboratory Glassware. Common Equipment. An Exercise in Chemical Safety and Laboratory Rules. EXPERIMENTS. I. BACKGROUND: REVIEW OF SIMPLE MATHEMATICS
1.Experiment 1
2.Density of Solids and Liquids: Mass/Volume Measurements
3.Indirect Gravimetric Determination of a Hydrated Compound in a Mixture
4.Percent Copper and Formula Weight of a Copper Compound. II. BACKGROUND: SOLUTIONS, SOLUBILITY AND SEPARATION TECHNIQUES
5.Solubilities
6.Separation of theComponents of a Mixture
7.Chromatography. III. BACKGROUND: CHEMICAL REACTIONS IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS AND SYNTHESES
8.Hydrogen Ions, pH and Indicators
9.Some Reactions of Metal Ions
10.Characteristic Chemical Reactions of Some Inorganic Compounds
11.Formula of Precipitated Compound
12.A Sequence of Chemical Reactions
13.The Synthesis of Common Alum from Scrap Aluminum. IV. BACKGROUND: PERIODIC TABLE AND PERIODICITY
14.Molecular Models: Structure and Bonding, Lewis Dot Formulas, VSEPR Theory, and Valence Bond Theory
15.Chemical Periodicity - The Halide Ions
16.Relative Reactivity of Metals and the Activity Series
17.Emission Spectra of Metal Atoms. V. BACKGROUND: MOLE, MOLECULAR WEIGHT AND GAS LAWS
18.Indirect Determination of the Masses of Pieces of Magnesium
19.Density of Gases
20.The Molecular Weight of a Volatile Compound
21.Standard Molar Volume of a Gas. VI. COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES
22.The Molecular Weight of Compound by Freezing Point Depression Measurements. VII. BACKGROUND: ACID - BASE CHEMISTRY
23.Acid Base pH curves: Micro-scale Titrations
24.Acid Base Macro-scale Titrations: Analysis of Acid Solutions of Unknown Concentrations
25.Action of Antacid Tablets. VIII. BACKGROUND: OXIDATION - REDUCTION REACTIONS
26.Voltaic and Electrolytic Cells
27.Reduction-Oxidation Titrations. IX. BACKGROUND: ENERGY. 28. Heat Energy Associated with Chemical and Physical Changes. 29. Heats of Naturalization and Hess' Law. X. BACKGROUND: KINETICS. 30. Factors that Influence the Rates of Reaction. 31. Rates of Chemical Reactions. XI. BACKGROUND: EQUILIBRIUM. 32. Chemical Equilibrium - An Introduction. 33. Spectrophotometric Determination of an Equilibrium Constant. 34. The Spectrophotometric Determination of the Formula for a Complex Species. 35. Solubility Products of Slightly Soluble Salts. 36. Determination of Ka from Measurements of pH. XII. BACKGROUND: DESCRIPTIVE CHEMISTRY. 37. Oxygen and Its Oxides. 38. Nitrogen and Its Compounds. 39. The Anions of Sulfur. 40. Preparation and Analysis of an Inorganic Compound. XIII. BACKGROUND: AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 41. Organic Qualitative Analysis. 42. Commercial Esters - Aspirin and Oil of Wintergreen. 43. Polymers. 44. Preparation and Properties of Soaps: Properties of Detergents. XIV. BACKGROUND: QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS FOR CATIONS. 45. Group I. 46. Group II. 47. Group III. 48. Group IV. 49. Group V. Appendix A: Logarithms and pH. Appendix B: Formulas, Ionic Charges and Names for Some Common Ions. Appendix C: Classification of Acids. Appendix D: Classification of Bases. Appendix E: Solubility Rules for Common Inorganic Compounds. Appendix F: Vapor Pressure of Water Near Room Temperature. Appendix G: Molecular and Ionic Chemical Equations. Appendix H: Concentrations and Primary Standards.

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