Starting with Leibniz

Starting with Leibniz

by Roger Woolhouse

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781847062048
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Publication date: 01/06/2011
Series: Starting with... Series
Pages: 174
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.37(d)

About the Author

Roger Woolhouse is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the University of York, UK. Hie previous publications include John Locke: A Biography (CUP, 2007), Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz (Routledge, 1993), Leibniz: Philosophical Texts (OUP, 1998) and Leibniz's 'New System' (OUP, 1997).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements viii

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Life and Works 2

Chapter 2 Leibniz's 'Fairy Tale' 11

Chapter 3 Substances 17

i Substance: Its General Characteristics 17

ii Against Cartesian Corporeal Substance 21

iii Complete Concepts 23

iv Souls and Substantial Forms 25

v Complete Worlds Apart 29

vi Substantial Forms Again 33

Chapter 4 Material Body 36

i Corporeal Substance Realism 36

ii Idealism 39

iii Phenomenalism 40

iv Body as Monadic Aggregate 41

Chapter 5 Minds and Monads 45

i Leibnizian and Cartesian Minds: Human and Animal 45

ii Monadic Perception, Appetition, and Embodiment 51

Chapter 6 Natural Philosophy 57

i The Mechanical Philosophy and Substantial Forms 57

ii Matter and Passive Force 59

iii Motion and Active Force 63

Chapter 7 Causation and the Metaphysics of Force 72

i Motion 72

ii From Occasionalism to Pre-established Harmony 73

Chapter 8 Body and Mind 79

i Bodily Death 79

ii Union of Mind and Body: Descartes and Malebranche 83

iii Leibniz's Objections to Interactionism and Occasionalism 86

iv Pre-established Harmony 91

Chapter 9 Space 100

i Correspondence with Clarke 101

ii Sufficient Reason 101

iii Identity of Indiscernibles 102

iv Space as Absolute and as Relative 103

Chapter 10 God and Our Relation to Him 108

i God and Creation 108

ii Proofs of the Existence of God 110

iii God and His Relation to the Created World 116

Chapter 11 Contingency and Freedom 119

i Human Freedom 119

ii Divine Freedom 129

Chapter 12 The Best of All Possible Worlds 134

i The Best World Metaphysically or Naturally 135

ii The Best World Morally 139

iii Evil in the Best Possible World 143

Abbreviations and References 149

Index 158

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