Pub. Date:
Springer New York
Statistics in Ornithology / Edition 1

Statistics in Ornithology / Edition 1

by Byron Morgan, Philip M. North


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780387961897
Publisher: Springer New York
Publication date: 08/01/1985
Series: Lecture Notes in Statistics , #29
Edition description: 1985
Pages: 418
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

The General Context of Statistics in Ornithology.- The General Context of Statistics in Ornithology.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Analysis of Ring Recovery Data.- 2.1 Survival Studies.- 2.2 Movement Studies.- 3. Analysis of Census Data.- 4. Visible Migration.- 5. Discussion.- Section A General: Colour, Feeding, Movement and Migration.- Winter Feeding Assemblies, Wing Lengths and Weights of British Dunncocks.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Methods.- 3. Winter Feeding Assemblies.- 4. Wing Lengths And Weights of British Dunnocks.- A Bivariate Discrete Model of Changing Colour in Blackbirds.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Dataset.- 3. Mantel’s Score Statistic.- 4. Constant Global Cross-Ratio Models.- Migration Counts and Local Weather at British Bird Observatories — An Examination By Linear Discriminant Analysis.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Data.- 2.1 The Bird Data.- 2.2 The Weather Data.- 3. Preparation of the Data for Analysis.- 3.1 Time Dependency of Bird Counts.- 3.2 Subdividing Counts into Groups.- 4. Discriminant Analysis.- 4.1 Preliminary Tests.- 4.2 Results.- 4.3 Summary of the Main Results of the Discriminant Analysis.- 5. Discussion.- Statistical Problems in the Study of Seed-Eating Birds.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Costs and Benefits of Feeding.- 3. Handling Time and Seed Size.- 4. Variability of Costs and Benefits.- 5. Powers of Estimation.- 6. Unfinished Seed-Eating.- 7. Seed-Eating in Natural Environments.- Models to Describe Razorbill Movements.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Background to the Modelling.- 3. Models for Migration.- 4. Models for Dispersal.- 5. Discussion.- Accounting for Visible Migration.- 1.Introduction.- 2.Traditional Reporting Techniques.- 3.The New Accounting Procedure.- 3.1 Example: Fictitious Data.- 3.2 Further Example: Real Data.- 4. Applications Of The Technique.- Section B Analysis of Census Data.- Multivariate Analysis of Atlas Data.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Statistical Methods.- 3. Results.- 4. Discussion.- A Test for Seasonal Occurrence.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The test.- 3. Examples.- 4. Discussion.- An Index of Population Change With Application to the Common Bird Census.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Model.- 3. Application of the Method.- 4. Comparison of Species.- 5. Discussion.- Area-Species Incidence Recording.- 1. Background Classification of Organisms, Including Definition of Groups (Taxonomy) and Allocation of Individuals to Groups (Identification).- 2. Description of the site.- 3. Methods and Rationale.- 4. Analyses and Preliminary Results.- 5. Future Development.- 6. Further Developments Since May 1982.- Analyses of Nest Spacings.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Previous Work.- 3. Woodland Nests.- 4. Modelling Within Woodlands.- 5. Conclusions.- An Assessment of Species-Area Relationships Using Ornithological Data.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Bird Breeding on R.S.P.B. Reserves.- 3. Common Birds Census Data.- 4. Discussion.- Apparent Systematic Effects on Species-Area Curves Under Isolation and Evolution.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Background Considerations.- 3. Results.- 4. Conclusion.- Section C Survival.- Are Hunting Losses of Young Black Ducks (Anas Rubripes) Too High?.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Data Sources and Methods of Analysis.- 3. Results.- 4. Discussion.- The Estimation of Survival in Bird Populations By Recaptures or Sightings of Marked Individuals.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Methods.- 2.1 General Presentation.- 2.2 Cormack Model.- 2.3 Sandland-Kirkwood-Clobert Models.- 3. Applications.- 3.1 Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis).- 3.2 Starling (Sturnus vulgaris).- 3.3 Coot (Fulica atra).- 4. Comparison Between Recapture Models: Swallow (Hirundo Rustica).- 5. Discussion.- Maximum Likelihood Methods for Investigating Reporting Rates of Rings on Hunter-Shot Birds.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Definitions and Notation.- 3. General Approach.- 4. Case Study: Analysis of Ring Reporting Rates for American Black Ducks.- 4.1 No Stratification of Recoveries.- 4.2 Geographic Variations in Reporting Rates.- 4.3 Temporal Variation in Reporting Rates.- 4.3.1 Direct recoveries.- 4.3.2 Direct (first year) and indirect (after first-year) recoveries.- 4.4 Geographic and Temporal Variation in Reporting Rates.- 5. Computing Alogorithm.- Examples of the Use of Glim to Analyse Capture-Recapture Studies.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Principles.- 2.1 The Data.- 2.2 The Parameters.- 2.3 The Program.- 2.4 Model Selection.- 3. Examples.- 4. Conclusion.- Age-Dependent Mortality Rates of Some Common British Birds.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Factors Determining Age Dependence in Survival.- 3. Structure of the Model and Description of the Data.- 4. The Fit of the Model to the Data.- 5. Discussion and Conclusions.- Estimation and Comparison of Functions of Daily Nest Survival Probabilities Using the Mayfield Method.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Parameter Estimation for the Simple Model.- 3. Modelling Differential Survival.- 4. Results.- Prior Knowledge and Ornithology.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Subjective Inference in General.- 3. Subjective Inference from Ringing Data.- 4. Conclusion.- Inherent Difficulties in Estimating Age-Specific Bird Survival Rates from Ring Recoveries.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Data.- 3. Prevailing Methods.- 3.1 The Ratio Method.- 3.2 Maximum Likelihood Method.- 3.3 Conditional Maximum Likelihood Method.- 4. Unsatisfactory Aspects Of The Prevailing Methods.- 4.1 A Demonstrative Example.- 4.2 An Additional Difficulty.- 5. Concluding Remarks.- The Effect of Age on Survival in the Canada Goose (Branta Canadensis) in Nottinghamshire.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Field Methods.- 3. Analytical Methods.- 4. Results and Discussion.- Estimation of Age-Specific Survival in Hen Harriers (Circus C. Cyaneus) in Orkney.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Resight data.- 3. Method.- 4. Application.- 4.1 Females.- 4.2 Males.- 4.3 Comparision of Sexes.- 4.4 Annual Variations.- 5. Test for Equal Resighting Rates.- 5.1 Method.- 5.2 Application.- 6. Conclusions.- Approximate Unbiased Estimation in the Multi-Sample Single Recapture Census.- 1. Introduction.- 2. General Model.- 3. Instantaneous Sampling.- Approximately Unbiased Variance Estimation for the Jolly-Seber Mark-Recapture Model : Population Size.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The J-S Model.- 3. Unbiased Estimation.- 4. Simulation.- 5. Discussion.- 6. General comments.- References.- Author Index.- Bird index (english names).- Bird Index (scientific names).

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