Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water

Stemming the Tide: Controlling Introductions of Nonindigenous Species by Ships' Ballast Water

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780309055376
Publisher: National Academies Press
Publication date: 10/21/1996
Pages: 160
Product dimensions: 6.17(w) x 9.26(h) x 0.65(d)

Table of Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1(10)
1 BALLAST WATER AND NONINDIGENOUS SPECIES
11(11)
Diversity of Ballast Water Biota
15(1)
Fate of Discharged Organisms
16(1)
Complexity of Ballasting Patterns
17(1)
Implications for Managing Ballast Water
18(1)
Other Dispersal Vectors
18(2)
References
20(2)
2 BALLAST WATER AND SHIPS
22(10)
Diversity of Ships and Ballast Systems
22(2)
Safety
24(1)
Ballast Conditions at Sea
25(2)
Ballast Conditions in Port
27(2)
Ballasting
29(2)
References
31(1)
3 MANAGING BALLAST WATER
32(20)
Voyage Approach
33(8)
Control Options
41(1)
International Activities
42(2)
National Activities
44(1)
Regional, State, and Local Activities
45(2)
International Framework for Regulation
47(1)
Auditing Requirements and Monitoring
48(1)
Training
48(1)
Risk-Based Perspective on Managing Ballast Water
48(3)
References
51(1)
4 SHIPBOARD TREATMENT OPTIONS
52(22)
Treatment Issues
52(1)
Technologies for Treating Ballast Water
53(2)
Committee's Evaluation Methodology
55(5)
Promising Options
60(7)
Options with Possible Limited Applications
67(2)
Other Options
69(2)
Discharge to the Environment
71(1)
Summary
72(1)
References
72(2)
5 MONITORING
74(12)
Monitoring Scenarios
76(1)
Alternatives to Shipboard Monitoring
76(1)
Levels of Monitoring
77(4)
Monitoring after Treatment of Ballast Water
81(1)
Sampling Issues
82(1)
Monitoring Sediment
83(1)
Setting Standards
84(1)
References
84(2)
6 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
86(9)
Conclusions
86(3)
Recommendations
89(6)
APPENDICES 95(32)
A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS 95(4)
B COMMITTEE MEETINGS AND ACTIVITIES 99(3)
C EXPLANATION OF BASIC STABILITY 102(4)
D ALTERNATIVE SHIP DESIGNS 106(3)
E GREAT LAKES MARITIME INDUSTRY VOLUNTARY BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE CONTROL OF RUFFE IN LAKE SUPERIOR PORTS, 1993 109(2)
F CANDIDATE SHIPBOARD TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION 111(8)
G TREATMENT OPTIONS QUERY 119(3)
H EMERGING MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES 122(5)
GLOSSARY AND CONVERSIONS 127(10)
INDEX 137

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