Stonehenge A Temple Restord To The British Druids

Stonehenge A Temple Restord To The British Druids

by William Stukeley

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Product Details

BN ID: 2940012367259
Publisher: Apps Publisher
Publication date: 03/23/2011
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 6 MB

About the Author

"The Rev. Dr. William Stukeley FRS, FRCP, FSA (November 7, 1687 - March 3, 1765) was an English antiquary who pioneered the archaeological investigation of Stonehenge and Avebury and was one of the founders of field archaeology.

He was born at Holbeach in Lincolnshire. After taking his M.B. degree at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, he went to London and studied medicine at St Thomas's Hospital. In 1710, he started in practice in Boston, Lincolnshire, moving back in 1717 to London. In 1719 he took his M.D. degree and in 1720 became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, publishing in the same year his first contribution to antiquarian literature. His principal works, elaborate accounts of Stonehenge and Avebury, appeared in 1740 and 1743. These were supposed to be the first of a multi-volume universal history. Stukeley proposed that an ancient patriarchial religion was the original religion of mankind. Stukeley believed that the Druids and the early Christians were examples of this religion. Stukeley himself was a Protestant.

His work on Stonehenge is one of the first to attempt to date the monument (source: Gerald S. Hawkins, Stonehenge Decoded, 1965). He proposed that the builders of Stonehenge knew about magnetism, and had aligned the monument with magnetic north. Stukeley used some incomplete data about the variation of the North Magnetic Pole; he extrapolated that it oscillated in a regular pattern.

He wrote copiously on other supposed Druid remains, becoming familiarly known as the "Arch-Druid." In 1729 he took holy orders, and, went on to hold two livings in Lincolnshire, including that of the parish of All Saints, Stamford, Lincolnshire, where he did a considerable amount of further research, not least on the town's lost Eleanor Cross.

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