Strangers to These Shores: Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States

Strangers to These Shores: Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States

by Vincent N. Parrillo

Hardcover(Older Edition)


Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780023917523
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference
Publication date: 08/28/1993
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 656
Product dimensions: 7.48(w) x 9.45(h) x (d)

About the Author

Born and raised in Paterson, New Jersey, Vincent N. Parrillo experienced multiculturalism early as the son of a second-generation Italian American father and Irish/German American mother. He grew up in an ethnically diverse neighborhood, developing friendships and teenage romances with second- and third-generation Dutch, German, Italian, and Polish Americans. As he grew older, he developed other friendships that frequently crossed racial and religious lines.

Professor Parrillo came to the field of sociology after first completing a bachelor’s degree in business management and a master’s degree in English. After teaching high school English and then serving as a college administrator, he took his first sociology course when he began doctoral studies at Rutgers University. Inspired by a discipline that scientifically investigates social issues, he changed his major and completed his degree in sociology.

Leaving his administrative post but staying at William Paterson University, Prof. Parrillo has since taught sociology for more than 30 years. He has lectured throughout the United States, Canada, and Europe and has regularly conducted diversity leadership programs for the military and large corporations. His keynote address at a bilingual educators’ conference was published in Vital Speeches of the Day, which normally contains only speeches by national political leaders and heads of corporations and organizations.

Prof. Parrillo was a Fulbright Scholar in the Czech Republic and Scholar-in-Residence at the University of Pisa. He was the keynote speaker at international conferences in Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Poland, and Sweden. He has met with government leaders, nongovernment agency leaders, law enforcement officials, and educators in more than a dozen countries as a consultant on immigration policy, hate crimes, and multicultural education. He has done on-air interviews with Radio Free Europe and Voice of America, appeared on national Canadian television, and been interviewed by numerous Canadian and European reporters.

Prof. Parrillo’s ventures into U.S. media include writing, narrating, and producing two PBS award-winning documentaries, Ellis Island: Gateway to America and Smokestacks and Steeples: A Portrait of Paterson. Contacted by reporters across the nation for his views on race and ethnic relations, he has been quoted in dozens of newspapers, including the Chicago Sun-Times, Cincinnati Inquirer, Houston Chronicle, Hartford Courant, Omaha World-Herald, Orlando Sentinel, and Virginian Pilot. He has appeared on numerous U.S. radio and television programs.

Prof. Parrillo is also the author of Understanding Race and Ethnic Relations, third edition (Allyn & Bacon), Contemporary Social Problems, sixth edition (Allyn & Bacon), Cities and Urban Life, fourth edition (with John Macionis), Diversity in America, second edition, and Rethinking Today’s Minorities. His articles and book reviews have appeared in journals such as The Social Science Journal, Sociological Forum, Social Forces, Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Journal of American Ethnic History, and the Encyclopedia of American Immigration. He is General Editor of the Encyclopedia of Sociology for Sage Publications. Several of his books and articles have been translated into other languages, including Chinese, Czech, Danish, German, Italian, Japanese, Polish, and Swedish.

An active participant in various capacities throughout the years in the American Sociological Association and Eastern Sociological Society, Prof. Parrillo has been listed in Who’s Who in International Education, Outstanding Educators of America, American Men and Women of Science, and Who’s Who in the East. In 2004, he received the Award for Excellence in Scholarship from William Paterson University. In March 2005, the Eastern Sociological Society named him its Robin M. Williams, Jr. Distinguished Lecturer for 2005—2006, and elected him as its vice president for 2008—2009.

Table of Contents





Chapter 1: The Study of Minorities

Chapter 2: Culture and Social Structure

Chapter 3: Prejudice and Discrimination

Chapter 4: Intergroup Relations

Chapter 5: Northern and Western Europeans

Chapter 6: Southern, Central, and Eastern Europeans

Chapter 7: The Native Americans

Chapter 8: East and Southeast Asian Americans

Chapter 9: Other Asian and Middle Eastern Americans

Chapter 10: Black Americans

Chapter 11: Hispanic Americans

Chapter 12: Religious Minorities

Chapter 13: Women as a Minority Group

Chapter 14: Gays, People with Disabilities, and the Elderly

Chapter 15: The Ever-Changing U.S. Mosaic


Part One: Sociological Framework

Chapter 1 The Study of Minorities

The Stranger as a Social Phenomenon

Minority Groups

Racial and Ethnic Groups



The Dillingham Flaw

Personal Troubles and Public Issues

The Dynamics of Intergroup Relations

Sociological Perspectives

Chapter 2 Culture and Social Structure

The Concept of Culture

Cultural Change

Structural Conditions


Social Class

Intergroup Conflict

Ethnic Stratification

Is There a White Culture?

Chapter 3 Prejudice and Discrimination



Chapter 4 Intergroup Relations

Minority-Group Responses

Consequences of Minority–Group Status

Dominant-Group Responses


Minority–Minority Relations

Theories of Minority Integration

Part Two: European Americans

Chapter 5 Northern and Western Europeans

Sociohistorical Perspective

The English

The Dutch

The French

The Germans

The Irish

The Scandinavians and Finns

The Scots

The Welsh

Social Realities for Women

Northern and Western European Assimilation

Sociological Analysis

Chapter 6 Southern, Central, and Eastern Europeans

Sociohistorical Perspective

The Slavic Peoples

The Poles

The Russians

The Ukrainians

The Hungarians

The Gypsies

The Italians

The Greeks

The Portuguese

The Armenians

Immigrant Women and Work

Southern, Central and Eastern European Assimilation

Sociological Analysis

Part Three: Visible Minorities

Chapter 7 The Native Americans

Sociohistorical Perspective

Early Encounters

Values and Social Structure


Changes in Government Policy

Present-Day Native American Life

Natural Resources

Red Power

The Courts

Bureau of Indian Affairs

Urban Native Americans

Cultural Impact

Native American Assimilation

Sociological Analysis

Chapter 8 East and Southeast Asian Americans

Sociohistorical Perspective

Cultural Attributes

The Chinese

The Japanese

The Filipinos

The Koreans

The Vietnamese

Other Southeast Asians

The Laotians


The Model-Minority Stereotype

East and Southeast Asian Assimilation

Sociological Analysis

Chapter 9 Other Asian and Middle Eastern Americans

Sociohistorical Perspective

The Asian Indians

Arab Americans

The Syrian/Lebanese

The Palestinians

Homeland Influence

The American Federation of Ramallah

Community Life

The Iranians

The Iraqis

The Turks

The Pakistanis

Other Asian and Middle Eastern Assimilation

Sociological Analysis

Chapter 10 Black Americans

Sociohistorical Perspective

Institutionalized Racism

The Winds of Change

Urban Unrest

The Bell-Curve Debate

Language as Prejudice

Social Indicators of Black Progress

Race or Class?

African and Afro-Caribbean Immigrants

Black American Assimilation

Sociological Analysis

Chapter 11 Hispanic Americans

Sociohistorical Perspective

Social Indicators of Hispanic Progress

The Mexicans

The Puerto Ricans

The Cubans

Caribbean, Central and South Americans

Hispanic American Assimilation

Sociological Analysis

Part Four: Other Minorities

Chapter 12 Religious Minorities

Sociohistorical Perspective

Catholic Americans

Jewish Americans

The Mormons

Muslim Americans

The Amish

The Rastafarians

The Santeríans

Hindu Americans

Religion and U.S. Society

Religious Assimilation

Sociological Perspectives

Chapter 13 Women as a Minority Group

Sociohistorical Perspective

The Reality of Gender Differences

Immigrant and Minority Women

Social Indicators of Women’s Status

Sexual Harassment

Sexism and the Law

Women and Politics

Sociological Analysis

Chapter 14 Gays, People with Disabilities, and the Elderly

Sexual Orientation

Sociohistorical Perspective

Gay Genetics

Stigma and Sanctions

Tolerance and Backlash

How Many Gays Are There?

Public Attitudes about Homosexuality

Current Issues

People with Disabilities

Sociohistorical Perspective

Americans with Disabilities

Legislative Actions

Myths and Stereotypes

Current Issues

Old Age

Sociohistorical Perspective

The Graying of America

Values about Age

Myths and Stereotypes

Current Issues

Sociological Analysis

Part Five: Contemporary Patterns and Issues

Chapter 15 The Ever-Changing U.S. Mosaic

Ethnic Consciousness

The Changing Face of Ethnicity

Current Ethnic Issues

Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Future






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