The Strategic Constitution

The Strategic Constitution

by Robert D. Cooter
ISBN-10:
0691096201
ISBN-13:
9780691096209
Pub. Date:
03/18/2002
Publisher:
Princeton University Press

Paperback - Rent for

Select a Purchase Option
  • purchase options
    $62.50
  • purchase options

Overview

The Strategic Constitution

Making, amending, and interpreting constitutions is a political game that can yield widespread suffering or secure a nation's liberty and prosperity. Given these high stakes, Robert Cooter argues that constitutional theory should trouble itself less with literary analysis and arguments over founders' intentions and focus much more on the real-world consequences of various constitutional provisions and choices. Pooling the best available theories from economics and political science, particularly those developed from game theory, Cooter's economic analysis of constitutions fundamentally recasts a field of growing interest and dramatic international importance.

By uncovering the constitutional incentives that influence citizens, politicians, administrators, and judges, Cooter exposes fault lines in alternative forms of democracy: unitary versus federal states, deep administration versus many elections, parliamentary versus presidential systems, unicameral versus bicameral legislatures, common versus civil law, and liberty versus equality rights. Cooter applies an efficiency test to these alternatives, asking how far they satisfy the preferences of citizens for laws and public goods.

To answer Cooter contrasts two types of democracy, which he defines as competitive government. The center of the political spectrum defeats the extremes in "median democracy," whereas representatives of all the citizens bargain over laws and public goods in "bargain democracy." Bargaining can realize all the gains from political trades, or bargaining can collapse into an unstable contest of redistribution. States plagued by instability and contests over redistribution should move towards median democracy by increasing transaction costs and reducing the power of the extremes. Specifically, promoting median versus bargain democracy involves promoting winner-take-all elections versus proportional representation, two parties versus multiple parties, referenda versus representative democracy, and special governments versus comprehensive governments.

This innovative theory will have ramifications felt across national and disciplinary borders, and will be debated by a large audience, including the growing pool of economists interested in how law and politics shape economic policy, political scientists using game theory or specializing in constitutional law, and academic lawyers. The approach will also garner attention from students of political science, law, and economics, as well as policy makers working in and with new democracies where constitutions are being written and refined.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691096209
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 03/18/2002
Pages: 440
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

DETAILED CONTENTS ix

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS xv

LIST OF TABLES xvii

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xix

CHAPTER 1. Taking Consequences Seriously: Introduction 1

PART I: PROCESSES OF GOVERNMENT: VOTING, BARGAINING, ADMINISTERING 15

CHAPTER 2. Voting 17

CHAPTER 3. Bargaimng 51

CHAPTER 4. Administering 79

PART II: THE OPTIMAL NUMBER OF GOVERNMENTS 101

CHAPTER 5. Intergovernmental Relations

CHAPTER 6. Government Competition 127

CHAPTER 7. Ministries and Agencies

PART III: OPTIMAL DIVISION OF POWERS

CHAPTER 8. Specialization 173

CHAPTER 9. Separation of Powers 211

PART IV: OPTIMAL RIGHTS 241

CHAPTER 10. The Value of Rights 243

CHAPTER 11. Philosophies of Rights: Liberty and Redistribution 261

CHAPTER 12. Property Rights 279

CHAPTER 13. Free Speech 309

CHAPTER 14. Civil Rights 333

CHAPTER 15. Summary and Conclusion 359

BIBLIOGRAPHY 381

GENERAL INDEX 399

INDEX OF NAMES 409

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See All Customer Reviews