Shrinking profits, mergers, and new competitive pressures have led many companies to the realization that slimming down is now essential for corporate survival. This first comprehensive treatment of downsizing as a component of organization planning addresses the critical considerations and concerns that must be taken into account in any such organizational restructuring. This book shows how to find out what functions and units your organization should have and how they should fit together for the organization to survive and prosper in its environment. Dougherty presents both practical advice and the theory behind it, as well as case studies drawn from his own forty-five years of experience as an organization planner in private industry, government, and the military. He illustrates how to ascertain the most efficient design and size of the organization based on its business plan, and then, how to reduce the size of the organization accordingly.
Written from a hands-on, managerial perspective, the book begns by defining organization planning and discussing the barriers to its successful performance. Dougherty goes on to describe powerful analytical tools and techniques available to the organization planner and to illustrate their application in real world situations. He explains the steps that must be taken to develop a sound organization structure,among them defining jobs, evaluating qualifications, compiling short- and long-range plans, changing the work of key managers and executives, and implementing the plan. The case study section shows how these principles, tools, and techniques were applied in organizations ranging from a large automobile company, to a recreation company, to an art association with only seven employees, as well as a church and a management association with no paid employees. The final section presents recommendations for the business practitioner. By clearly setting forth the issues involved and the requirements for success in corporate downsizing, Dougherty has made a major cotribution to the ongoing quest for greater corporate organizational efficiency and improved performance.
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About the Author
DAVID C. DOUGHERTY is Managing Director of David C. Dougherty & Associates, which provides organization and personnel consulting services to manufacturing companies and banks. He was formerly an organization planner at Chrysler, Brunswick, Keebler, Amerace, The First National Bank of Chicago, and Allied Products Corporation. He is president of the Chicago Chapter of the Society for the Advancement of Management as well as fellow and honorary life member. He has lectured on organization at the AMA Management Course and at numerous seminars and courses. He has written an article in Personnel entitled, The Function of Top Management Organization Planning and Control in a Manufacturing Corporation.
Table of Contents
Principles and Techniques of Organization Planning
What Is Organization Planning?
The Chief Executive's Personal Role in Organization Planning
Managing the Organization Planning Staff
How to Develop a Sound Organization Structure
Cases in Organization Planning and Control
Rebuilding a Small Industrial Enterprise: The Hard Rubber Company
Divisionalizing a Large Corporation: The Automobile Company
Divisionalizing a Medium-Sized Corporation: The Recreation Company
Establishing a Division in the Recreation Company
A New Organization for an Old Church: The Church Diocese
Rejuvenating an Unpaid Organization: The Management Association Chapter
Rescuing a Small Non-Profit Organization: The Art Association
The Future of Organization Planning
Making Knowledge Organizations Fully Effective