Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies / Edition 2

Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies / Edition 2

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Oxford University Press, USA

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Strategy in the Contemporary World: An Introduction to Strategic Studies / Edition 2

The most comprehensive analysis of strategic studies available, Strategy in the Contemporary World, Third Edition, reflects upon recent events and assesses the role of military power in the contemporary world. Taking a functional approach and looking at issues from both times of war and of peace, editors John Baylis, James J. Wirtz, and Colin S. Gray analyze the conflicts themselves—as well as what can be learned from them.

This new edition covers topics such as intelligence and strategy, strategic studies and its critics, as well as strategy in practice, providing a comprehensive and insightful collection of contributions from a team of leading experts in the field.


• Provides a more comprehensive analysis of strategic studies than any other text in its market

• Brings together contributions from international experts

• Incorporates excellent learning features throughout, including readers' guides, key points, questions, suggestions for further reading, and boxes

• Accompanied by a comprehensive Companion Website ( with case studies, weblinks, PowerPoint lecture slides, and a (password-protected) Test Bank of multiple choice questions


• Expanded coverage of key issues such as intelligence, critics of strategic studies, and strategy in practice

• New chapters on intelligence and strategy, strategic studies and its critics, and the practice of strategy

• New case studies for the online resource centre, including a case on the 2006 war in Lebanon and a case on the Gaza conflict

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199289783
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 01/15/2007
Edition description: REV
Pages: 416
Product dimensions: 9.60(w) x 7.40(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Guided Tour of Learning Features     xiv
Guided Tour of the Online Resource Centre     xvi
Acknowledgements     xviii
List of Contributors     xix
Preface to the Second Edition     xxii
Introduction   John Baylis   James J. Wirtz     1
What is Strategic Studies?     4
Strategic Studies and the Classical Realist Tradition     7
What Criticisms are made of Strategic Studies?     9
What is the Relationship between Strategic Studies and Security Studies?     12
Further Reading     14
Enduring Issues of Strategy     17
The Causes of War and the Conditions of Peace   John Garnett     19
Introduction     20
The Study of War     21
Human Nature Explanations of War     28
Wars 'Within' and 'Beyond' States     35
Conclusion     38
Questions     39
Further Reading     40
The Evolution of Modern Warfare   Michael Sheehan     42
The Napoleonic Legacy     43
The Industrialization of War     48
Naval Warfare     51
Total War     54
Nuclear Weapons andRevolutionary Warfare     59
Postmodern War     61
Questions     63
Further Reading     64
Web Links     65
Strategic Theory   Thomas G. Mahnken     66
Introduction     67
The Logic of Strategy     68
Clausewitz's On War     71
Sun Tzu's Art of War     76
The Enduring Relevance of Strategy     78
Conclusion     80
Questions     80
Further Reading     80
Web Links     81
Strategic Culture   Jeffrey S. Lantis   Darryl Howlett     82
Introduction     83
Thinking about Culture and Security     83
Political Culture     84
Strategic Culture and Nuclear Deterrence     85
Sources of Strategic Culture     86
Constructivism and Strategic Culture     89
Continuing Issues and Future Questions     92
Conclusion     98
Questions     99
Web Links     99
Law, Politics, and the Use of Force   Justin Morris     101
The Efficacy of International Law     102
Why States Obey the Law      104
International Law and the Use of Force     108
Jus ad Bellum     111
Jus in Bello     115
Conclusion     119
Questions     119
Further Reading     120
Web Links     121
Geography and Strategy   Daniel Moran     122
Introduction: The Lay of the Land     123
Land Warfare: The Quest for Victory     124
Maritime Strategy     129
Airpower     132
The Final Frontier: Space War     136
War by Other Means: Cyberspace     138
Questions     139
Further Reading     140
Technology and Warfare   Eliot Cohen     141
Technophiles and Technophobes     142
Some Ways of Thinking about Military Technology     142
Mapping Military Technology     146
The Revolution in Military Affairs Debate     148
Challenges of the New Technology     155
The Future of Military Technology     157
Questions     158
Further Reading     159
Contemporary Problems     161
Irregular Warfare: Terrorism and Insurgency   James D. Kiras      163
Introduction     164
Definitions     164
Subverting the System     167
Protecting the System     176
Bringing the System Down or Thriving on its Margins?     183
Technology     185
Conclusion     186
Questions     187
Further Reading     188
Web Links     190
Strategy for a New World: Combating Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime   Phil Williams     192
Introduction     193
The Evolution and Nature of the Threat     194
Strategies to Combat Organized Crime and Terrorism     202
Combating Terrorist Networks     203
Conclusions     206
Questions     207
Further Reading     208
Web Links     208
The Second Nuclear Age: Nuclear Weapons in the Twenty-first Century   C. Dale Walton   Colin S. Gray     209
Introduction     210
The First Nuclear Age     211
Risks in the Second Nuclear Age     214
Adapting to the Second Nuclear Age     220
Conclusion     225
Questions     226
Further Reading      227
Web Links     227
The Control of Weapons of Mass Destruction   John Baylis   Mark Smith     228
Introduction     229
Arms Control during the Cold War     230
Arms Control and the 'Long Peace'     233
The Residual Role of Arms Control in the Post-Cold War Era     236
Post-Cold War WMD Proliferation: Strategic Responses     239
Strategic Response in Operation     243
Analysis and Assessment     247
Conclusions     248
Questions     250
Further Reading     250
Web Links     252
Conventional Power and Contemporary Warfare   John Ferris     253
Power and War: A History     254
New World Orders: 1945, 1989, 2001     256
Power and Hyperpower     258
Military Affairs: Revolution and Counter-Revolution     260
Arts of War     263
Military Balances     265
War, What is it good for?     268
Questions     271
Further Reading     271
Web Links     272
Iraq, Afghanistan, and American Military Transformation   Stephen Biddle     274
Introduction      275
Afghanistan and the Transformation Thesis     276
Iraq and the Transformation Thesis     282
An Alternative View     287
Conclusion     291
Questions     292
Further Reading     293
Web Links     294
Homeland Security: A New Strategic Paradigm   Jacob N. Shapiro   Rudolph P. Darken     295
Introduction     296
A New Threat?     296
Communications and the Frequency of Terror     299
What Should Preparations Look Like: Dealing with the Small-N Problem     301
What is the United States Preparing for?     303
Conclusions     309
Questions     311
Further Reading     311
Web Links     312
Humanitarian Intervention and Peace Operations   Theo Farrell     313
Introduction     314
From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations     315
Intervention Failures     318
The Politics of Humanitarian Intervention     322
The Military Character of Peace Operations     326
Conclusion: Problems and Prospects     330
Questions     332
Further Reading      333
Web Links     334
The Future of Strategy     335
A New Agenda for Security and Strategy?   James J. Wirtz     337
Introduction     338
The Need for a Conceptual Framework     339
Population: The Demographics of Global Politics     341
Commons Issues     343
Direct Environmental Damage     346
Disease     348
Sensitivity and Vulnerability     352
Conclusion     353
Questions     354
Further Reading     354
Web Links     355
The Future of Strategic Studies   Lawrence Freedman     356
The Development of Strategic Studies     357
In and Out of the Cold War     358
The Academic and Policy Worlds     360
The Study of Strategy     363
Realism: Old and New     365
The Study of Armed Force     366
Conclusion     368
Questions     369
Further Reading     369
Notes     371
References     373
Index     385

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