ISBN-10:
1572305436
ISBN-13:
9781572305434
Pub. Date:
11/16/1999
Publisher:
Guilford Publications, Inc.
Stress, Coping, and Development: An Integrative Perspective / Edition 1

Stress, Coping, and Development: An Integrative Perspective / Edition 1

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781572305434
Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.
Publication date: 11/16/1999
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 331
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

About the Author

Carolyn M. Aldwin, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Sciences at Oregon State University. She received her doctorate from the University of California, San Francisco, in 1982, and was a National Institute of Mental Health postdoctoral scholar in Human Development, Environmental Demands, and Health at the University of California, Irvine. Dr. Aldwin received a FIRST award from the National Institute on Aging for her study of psychosocial factors and health in aging early in her career at the Boston Veterans Administration, and has published over 90 articles and chapters in this area. She is a fellow of both Divisions 20 (Adult Development and Aging) and 38 (Health Psychology) of the American Psychological Association, as well as of the Gerontological Society of America.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction and Purpose of the Book 1

Mind-Body Transactions 2

Person-Environment Transactions 7

Organization of the Book 9

Chapter 2 Why Is Stress Important? 13

Intrinsic Interest 13

Relevance of Stress to Psychosocial Models of Adaptation 15

Relevance of Stress to Biomedical Models of Adaptation 17

Summary 22

Chapter 3 Definition of Stress 23

Components of the Stress Process 25

Stress as a State of the Organism 27

Stress as an External Event 28

Stress as a Transaction between the person and the Environment 31

The Role of Emotions and Cognition in Reactions to Stress 34

Summary 36

Chaptper 4 The Physiology of Stress 37

Neuroendocrine Responses to Stress 37

Immune Responses to Stress 46

Cellular Resistance to Stress 52

Summary 53

Chapter 5 Design and Measurement Issues in Stress Research 55

General Observations 55

Design Issues in Stress Research 57

Problems in Causal Directionality 59

Different Approaches to Stress Measurement 62

Which Measure to Use? 79

Clinical Interviews 80

Laboratory Stressors 81

Summary 82

Chapter 6 Why Is Coping Important? 84

Intrinsic Interest 86

Mythopoetic Roots 86

Changes in Social Roles 88

Relevance of Coping to Psychosocial Models of Adaptation 91

Relevance to Biomedical Models of Adaptation 93

Differentiating between Adaptation, Coping, and Emotional Responds 95

Summary 97

Chapter 7 Theoretical Approaches to Coping 98

Person-Based Definitions of Coping 100

Situational Determinants of Coping 113

Cognitive Approaches 115

More Recent Approaches to Coping and Adaptation 117

Summary 125

Chapter 8 Measurement of Coping Strategies 127

Coping Styles versus Coping Processes 129

Retrospective versos Experience-Sampling Approaches 134

Factor Structure Instability 136

General versus Specific Coping Strategies 139

Rating Scales 141

Summary 144

Appendix 8.1 Bibliography of Coping Scales 145

Chapter 9 Statistical Issues in Coping Research 161

Mechanisms of Coping Effects 161

Statistical Analyses for Testing Mediating and Moderating Effects 166

Longitudinal Analysis of Stress and Coping Data 175

Summary 180

Chapter 10 Coping and Mental Health 181

Confounds between Assessment and Outcome 182

Situational Modifiers of Coping Effects 183

Patterns of Coping 186

Coping Effort 187

Causal Directionality and Coping Interventions 189

Individual Differences in Coping Effectiveness 191

What Is the Appropriate Outcome of Coping Strategies? 192

Summary 193

Chapter 11 Coping and Physical Health 195

Adaptation to Illness 197

Coping and Illness Outcomes 202

Summary 207

Chapter 12 Coping with Traumatic Stress 210

Defining Trauma 211

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 212

Coping with Trauma 220

Summary 238

Chapter 13 Sociocultural Aspects of Coping 239

Social Aspects of Coping 239

Culture and Stress 245

Culture and Coping 257

Institutions as Coping Mechanisms 266

Summary 270

Chapter 14 Developmental Studies of Coping 271

Coping in Infancy and Childhood 272

Developmental Changes in Stress and Coping in Adulthood 292

Summary 304

Chapter 15 Stress-Related Growth and Transformational Coping 305

Arguments for the Developmental Implications of Stress 308

Stress as an Impetus for Psychosocial Development 315

Stress as an Impetus for Physiological Development 332

Models of Positive and Negative Stress Outcomes 336

Summary 340

Chapter 16 Self-Regulation, Self-Development and Wisdom 341

Transactionism and Coping 342

Free Will versus Deterministic Models of Adaptation 345

Mindful Coping and Wisdom 354

Summary 357

Reference 359

Index 419

What People are Saying About This

Susan Folkman, Ph.D.

Stress, Coping, and Development is the right book at the right time.... It provides an excellent account of contemporary coping theory and research.... This is an important book for students as well as experienced researchers, and it can be used for people in diverse behavioral, social, and health science disciplines.

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