Structural Steel Designer's Handbook

Structural Steel Designer's Handbook

by Frederick S. Merritt (Editor)



Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780070415072
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 06/28/1972
Pages: 1000

About the Author

Roger Brockenbrough, P.E., is president of R. L. Brockenbrough & Associates, Inc. He was a senior research consultant for U.S. Steel, where he worked for 30 years until retiring. Mr. Brockenbrough is a member of AISC and ASTM, and is an ASCE Fellow. He is the editor of Highway Engineering Handbook, now in its Third Edition, and a contributor to Standard Handbook for Civil Engineers, now in its Fifth Edition.

Frederick S. Merritt, P.E. was a consulting engineer for many years with experience in building and bridge design, structural analysis, and construction management. A Fellow of ASCE and a Senior Member of ASTM, he was a senior editor of Engineering News-Record and author or editor of many books, including Standard Handbook for Civil Engineers, now in its Fifth Edition.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fourth Editionxiii
Preface to the Second Editionxv
Factors for Conversion to SI Units of Measurementxvii
Chapter 1Properties of Structural Steels and Effects of Steelmaking and Fabrication1
1.1Structural Steel Shapes and Plates1
1.2Steel-Quality Designations7
1.3Steel Sheet and Strip for Structural Applications7
1.4Tubing for Structural Applications10
1.5Steel Cable for Structural Applications11
1.6Tensile Properties12
1.7Properties in Shear14
1.8Hardness Tests14
1.9Effect of Cold Work on Tensile Properties15
1.10Effect of Strain Rate on Tensile Properties16
1.11Effect of Elevated Temperatures on Tensile Properties17
1.13Brittle Fracture20
1.14Residual Stresses22
1.15Lamellar Tearing23
1.16Welded Splices in Heavy Sections24
1.17k-Area Cracking24
1.18Variations in Mechanical Properties25
1.19Changes in Carbon Steels on Heating and Cooling25
1.20Effects of Grain Size27
1.21Annealing and Normalizing28
1.22Effects of Chemistry on Steel Properties28
1.23Steelmaking Methods30
1.24Casting and Hot Rolling31
1.25Effects of Punching Holes and Shearing33
1.26Effects of Welding34
1.27Effects of Thermal Cutting34
Chapter 2Fabrication and Erection1
2.1Estimates, Material Orders, and Shop Drawings1
2.2Requirements for Drawings3
2.3Fabrication Practices and Processes: Material Preparation5
2.4Fabrication Practices and Processes: Assembly, Fitting, and Fastening8
2.5Shop Assembly12
2.6Rolled Sections14
2.7Built-Up Sections15
2.8Cleaning and Painting17
2.9Fabrication Tolerances18
2.10Steel Frame Erection19
2.11Erection Equipment19
2.12Erection Methods for Buildings24
2.13Erection Procedure for Bridges26
2.14Field Tolerances28
2.15Coordination and Constructability29
2.16Safety Concerns29
Chapter 3Connections1
3.1General Considerations for Connection Design1
3.2Design of Fasteners and Welds10
3.3General Connection Design Procedure39
3.4Shear and Axial Beam End Connections50
3.5Axial Connections58
3.6Moment Connections76
3.7Vertical Brace Design by Uniform Force Method84
Chapter 4Building Codes, Loads, and Fire Protection1
4.1Building Codes1
4.2Approval of Special Construction2
4.3Standard Specifications2
4.4Building Occupancy Loads2
4.5Roof Loads7
4.6Wind Loads12
4.7Seismic Loads21
4.8Impact Loads30
4.9Crane-Runway Loads31
4.10Restraint Loads31
4.11Combined Loads31
4.12Fire Protection32
Chapter 5Criteria for Building Design1
5.1Materials, Design Methods, and Other Considerations1
5.2Design for Stability6
5.3Design of Tension Members9
5.4Design of Compression Members12
5.5Design of Flexural Members17
5.6Design of Members for Shear24
5.7Design for Combined Forces and Torsion27
5.8Design of Composite Members32
5.9Design of Connections39
Chapter 6Design of Building Members1
6.1Tension Members2
6.2Example-LRFD for Double-Angle Hanger2
6.3Example-LRFD for Wide-Flange Truss Members3
6.4Compression Members4
6.5Example-LRFD for Steel Pipe in Axial Compression5
6.6Example-LRFD for Wide-Flange Section with Axial Compression6
6.7Example-LRFD for Double Angles with Axial Compression6
6.8Steel Beams8
6.9Example-LRFD for Simple-Span Floor Beam9
6.10Example-LRFD for Floor Beam with Unbraced Top Flange12
6.11Example-LRFD for Floor Beam with Overhang14
6.12Composite Beams16
6.13LRFD for Composite Beam with Uniform Loads19
6.14Example-LRFD for Composite Beam with Concentrated Loads and End Moments29
6.15Example-LRFD for Wide-Flange Column in a Multistory Rigid Frame33
Chapter 7Floor and Roof Systems1
Floor Decks
7.1Concrete Fill on Metal Deck1
7.2Precast-Concrete Plank7
7.3Cast-in-Place Concrete Slabs8
Roof Decks
7.4Metal Roof Deck9
7.5Lightweight Precast-Concrete Roof Panels11
7.6Wood-Fiber Planks12
7.7Gypsum-Concrete Decks12
Floor Framing
7.8Rolled Shapes13
7.9Open-Web Joists16
7.10Lightweight Steel Framing16
7.12Stub Girders19
7.13Staggered Trusses19
7.14Castellated Beams21
7.15LRFD Examples for Composite Floors21
7.16Dead-Load Deflection24
7.17Fire Protection24
Roof Framing
7.19Plate Girders25
7.20Space Frames25
7.21Arched Roofs26
7.22Dome Roofs27
7.23Cable Structures28
Chapter 8Lateral-Force Design1
8.1Description of Wind Forces1
8.2Determination of Wind Loads5
8.3Seismic Loads in Model Codes6
8.4Seismic Design Loads7
8.5Dynamic Method of Seismic Load Distribution13
8.6Structural Steel Systems for Seismic Design15
8.7Seismic-Design Limitations on Steel Frames20
8.8Forces in Frames Subjected to Lateral Loads33
8.9Member and Connection Design for Lateral Loads40
Chapter 9Cold-Formed Steel Design1
9.1Design Specifications and Materials1
9.2Manufacturing Methods and Effects2
9.3Nominal Loads3
9.4Design Methods3
9.5Section Property Calculations6
9.6Effective Width Concept7
9.7Maximum Width-to-Thickness Ratios9
9.8Effective Widths of Stiffened Elements10
9.9Effective Widths of Unstiffened Elements12
9.10Effective Widths of Uniformly Compressed Elements with Edge Stiffener14
9.11Tension Members16
9.12Flexural Members16
9.13Concentrically Loaded Compression Members26
9.14Combined Tensile Axial Load and Bending28
9.15Combined Compressive Axial Load and Bending29
9.16Cylindrical Tubular Members31
9.17Welded Connections31
9.18Bolted Connections35
9.19Screw Connections39
9.20Other Limit States at Connections40
9.21Wall Stud Assemblies42
9.22Example of Effective Section Calculation43
9.23Example of Bending Strength Calculation46
Chapter 10Highway Bridge Design Criteria1
10.2General Design Considerations2
10.3Design Methods5
10.4Simplified Comparison of Design Methods9
10.5Highway Design Loadings14
10.6Distribution of Loads through Decks22
10.7Basic Allowable Stresses for Bridges-ASD24
10.8Fracture Control28
10.9Repetitive Loadings29
10.10Detailing for Earthquakes33
10.11Detailing for Buckling34
10.12Criteria for Built-Up Tension Members42
10.13Criteria for Built-Up Compression Members44
10.14Plate Girders and Cover-Plated Rolled Beams45
10.15Composite Construction with I Girders47
10.16Cost-Effective Plate-Girder Designs51
10.17Box Girders (ASD)52
10.18Hybrid Girders (ASD)56
10.19Orthotropic-Deck Bridges57
10.21Detailing for Weldability62
10.22Bridge Decks (ASD and LFD)64
10.23Elimination of Expansion Joints in Highway Bridges66
10.24Bridge Steels and Corrosion Protection68
Chapter 11Railroad Bridge Design Criteria1
11.1Standard Specifications1
11.2Design Method1
11.3Railroad Operating Environment1
11.4Design Considerations2
11.5Design Loadings6
11.6Basic Allowable Stresses13
11.7Fatigue Design16
11.8Fracture-Critical Members17
11.9Member Design17
11.10Connection and Splice Design26
Chapter 12Beam and Girder Bridges1
12.1Characteristics of Beam Bridges1
12.2Example-Allowable Stress Design of Composite Rolled-Beam Stringer Bridge5
12.3Characteristics of Plate-Girder Stringer Bridges18
12.4Example-Load Factor Design of Composite Plate-Girder Bridge21
12.5Characteristics of Curved-Girder Bridges35
12.6Example-Allowable Stress Design of Curved-Stringer Bridge42
12.7Deck Plate-Girder Bridges with Floorbeams54
12.8Example-Allowable Stress Design of Deck Plate-Girder Bridge with Floorbeams55
12.9Through-Plate-Girder Bridges with Floorbeams80
12.10Example-Allowable Stress Design of Through-Plate-Girder Bridge81
12.11Composite Box-Girder Bridges90
12.12Example-Allowable Stress Design of Composite Box-Girder Bridge93
12.13Continuous-Beam Bridges102
12.14Allowable Stress Design of Bridge with Continuous, Composite Stringers103
12.15Example-Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) of Composite Plate-Girder Bridge116
Chapter 13Truss Bridges1
13.2Truss Components2
13.3Types of Trusses5
13.4Bridge Layout7
13.5Deck Design8
13.6Lateral Bracing, Portals, and Sway Frames9
13.7Resistance to Longitudinal Forces10
13.8Truss Design Procedure11
13.9Truss Member Details18
13.10Member and Joint Design Examples-LFD and SLD20
13.11Member Design Example-LRFD27
13.12Truss Joint Design Procedure34
13.13Example-Load Factor Design of Truss Joint37
13.14Example-Service Load Design of Truss Joint43
13.15Skewed Bridges48
13.16Truss Bridges on Curves49
13.17Truss Supports and Other Details49
13.18Continuous Trusses50
Chapter 14Arch Bridges1
14.1Types of Arches2
14.2Arch Forms2
14.3Selection of Arch Type and Form3
14.4Comparison of Arch with Other Bridge Types5
14.5Erection of Arch Bridges6
14.6Design of Arch Ribs and Ties7
14.7Design of Other Elements10
14.8Examples of Arch Bridges10
14.9Guidelines for Preliminary Designs and Estimates43
14.10Buckling Considerations for Arches45
14.11Example-Design of Tied-Arch Bridge46
Chapter 15Cable-Suspended Bridges1
15.1Evolution of Cable-Suspended Bridges1
15.2Classification of Cable-Suspended Bridges6
15.3Classification and Characteristics of Suspension Bridges7
15.4Classification and Characteristics of Cable-Stayed Bridges12
15.5Classification of Bridges by Span27
15.6Cable-Suspended Bridges for Rail Loading27
15.7Specifications and Loadings for Cable-Suspended Bridges29
15.9Cable Saddles, Anchorages, and Connections35
15.10Corrosion Protection of Cables39
15.11Statics of Cables45
15.12Suspension Bridge Analysis49
15.13Preliminary Suspension Bridge Design60
15.14Self-Anchored Suspension Bridges66
15.15Cable-Stayed Bridge Analysis67
15.16Preliminary Design of Cable-Stayed Bridges70

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