ISBN-10:
0195127153
ISBN-13:
9780195127157
Pub. Date:
11/11/1999
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
The Study of Human Nature: A Reader / Edition 2

The Study of Human Nature: A Reader / Edition 2

by Leslie Stevenson

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Overview

The Study of Human Nature: A Reader / Edition 2

Now in a new edition, this exceptional anthology provides an introduction to a wide variety of views on human nature. Drawing from diverse cultures over three millennia, Leslie Stevenson has chosen selections ranging from ancient religious texts to contemporary theories based on evolutionary science. An ideal companion to the editor's recent book, Ten Theories of Human Nature, 3/e (OUP, 1998), this interdisciplinary reader can also be used independently.
The Study of Human Nature, 2/e offers substantial selections illustrating the ten perspectives discussed in Ten Theories of Human Nature, 4/e—The Bible, Hinduism, Confucianism, Plato, Kant, Marx, Freud, Sartre, B.F. Skinner's behaviorism, and Konrad Lorenz's ethological diagnosis of human aggression. The Islamic tradition is represented by a selection from the 20th-century Iranian philosopher Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari. The 17th- and 18th-century philosophers Descartes, Hobbes, Hume, Rousseau, and Kant are also represented. Selections from Rousseau, J.S. Mill, and Nancy Holmstrom discuss alleged differences between women and men, and a paper by Henry Bracken deals with racial issues. Examples from E.O. Wilson's sociobiology and his critics are also included, together with material from Chomsky and from recent evolutionary psychology.
This new edition includes more substantial selections from the Hindu, Confucian, and Christian traditions and provides more accessible extracts from Marx, Sartre, and Lorenz. An excellent reader for introductory courses in philosophy, religious studies, human nature, and intellectual history, The Study of Human Nature, 2/e, is also an essential resource for anyone interested in ancient, modern, and contemporary perspectives on human nature.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195127157
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 11/11/1999
Edition description: REV
Pages: 336
Sales rank: 513,467
Product dimensions: 8.20(w) x 5.40(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
THE HEBREW BIBLE (the Old Testament)
Genesis 1-3
Psalms
HINDUISM
Brihad Aranyaka Upanishad
Katha Upanishad
CONFUCIANISM
Mencius, "Human Nature is Good"
Hsun-tzu, "Human Nature is Evil"
PLATO
Republic
CHRISTIANITY (the New Testament)
St. Paul, Letter to the Romans
St. Paul, First Letter to the Corinthians
ISLAM
Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari, "Man and Faith"
RENÉ DESCARTES
Discourse on Method
THOMAS HOBBES
Leviathan
DAVID HUME
Treatise of Human Nature
JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU
Emile
IMMANUEL KANT
Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View
Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason
KARL MARX
The Materialist Theory of History
Consciousness and the Division of Labour
JOHN STUART MILL
The Subjection of Women
CHARLES DARWIN
The Descent of Man
SIGMUND FREUD
B.A. Farrell, "A Reconstruction of Freud's Mature Theory"
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE
Existentialism and Humanism
B.F. SKINNER
About Behaviorism
KONRAD LORENZ
On Aggression
NOAM CHOMSKY
"Language and the Human Mind"
HENRY M. BRACKEN
"Essence, Accident and Race"
EDWARD D. WILSON
On Human Nature
NANCY HOLMSTROM
"Do Women Have a Distinct Nature?"
STEVEN ROSE, RICHARD LEWONTIN, AND LEON J. KAMIN
Not in our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature
MATT RIDLEY
The Origins of Virtue

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