Styles of Reasoning in the British Life Sciences: Shared Assumptions, 1820-1858

Styles of Reasoning in the British Life Sciences: Shared Assumptions, 1820-1858

by James Elwick

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822981831
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 09/15/2007
Series: Sci & Culture in the Nineteenth Century
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 244
File size: 7 MB

About the Author

Anna Krakusis assistant professor of Slavic languages and literatures at the University of Southern California.
 

Table of Contents

Cover Half Title Title Copyright Contents Acknowledgments List of Illustrations Introduction Styles of Reasoning: Analysis: Synthesis and Palaetiology Problematics A London Community of Life Researchers and other Historiographic Notes The Argument and Structure Historians' Questions 1. Analysis Part One Analysis: Synthesis in France Philosophic Anatomy in London Philosophic Radicals and Philosophic Anatomists: Mutually Appreciative Audiences Analysis: Synthesis, Political Individualism and Spontaneous Order The Importance of Museums The Contingent Beginnings of Richard Owen The Domestication of Analysis: Synthesis: Owen's Reinterpretation of John Hunter Owen's Rise Neurophysiology as Analysis: Vivisections The Reflex Arc, Analysis and Compound Individuality Lower Animals, Disunity and the Reflex Arc The Bodily Oeconomy Compound Individuality and Levels of Organization: Phrenology and Wiganism Hierarchy and Internal Unity Cephalization Centripetal Development Cephalization and Recapitulation Exemplars of Cephalization The Creation and Reception of a New Exemplar Monsters as Synthesized (Truly Compound) Organisms 4. Regeneration as Reproduction Exemplars: Recurring Puzzles and Animal-Researcher Pairings Why did Owen call it Vegetative Repetition? Parthenogenesis then Metagenesis The Acceptance of Metagenesis 5. 1837: The Accession of Palaetiology William Whewell and Palaetiology, 1837 Martin Barry and the Introduction of von Baerian Embryology to Britain, 1837 William B. Carpenter and the Reinterpretation of Zoophytes Vivaria and Questions of Evidence Huxley, Palaetiologist 6. Alternative Explanations and New Generations, 1850-1858 Huxley Cultivates London Mentors Zoöids and Individuality Private Attacks upon Owen Begin Public Attacks upon Owen Begin Reproductive Masses: 'Buds' or 'Pseudova'? Professionalization as Exclusion Conclusion Individual Agency and Styles of Reasoning? Notes Works Cited Index

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