Subject and Strategy: A Writer's Reader / Edition 14 available in Paperback
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No other rhetorical reader offers this much accessible writing instruction at such an affordable price. With engaging readings, innovative classroom exercises, and effective writing assignments, Subject & Strategy guides students in selecting, practicing, and mastering writing strategies that suit their subject and purpose. More than 90 readings usefully model how the rhetorical patterns work alone and together in successful writing. The praised “Writers on Writing” chapter motivates students to see themselves as writers, and thorough coverage of reading and writing, research, documentation, and grammar provides a foundation for success in the course. Now with multimodal e-Page readings that take advantage of what the Web can do, the book does more than ever to help your students read and write effectively.
|Edition description:||Fourteenth Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.40(w) x 16.60(h) x 1.30(d)|
About the Author
Paul Eschholz and Alfred Rosa are professors emeriti of English at the University of Vermont. They have directed statewide writing programs and conducted numerous workshops throughout the country on writing and the teaching of writing. Eschholz and Rosa have collaborated on a number of best-selling texts for Bedford/St. Martin's, including Subject & Strategy; Outlooks and Insights: A Reader for College Writers; with Virginia Clark, Language Awareness; and, with Virginia Clark and Beth Simon, Language: Readings in Language.
Table of Contents
*New to this edition1 ReadingDeveloping an Effective Reading Process Step 1: Prepare Yourself to Read the Selection Step 2: Read the Selection Step 3: Reread the Selection Step 4: Annotate the Selection An Example: Annotating Cherokee Paul McDonald’s "A View from the Bridge" *Cherokee Paul McDonald, A View from the Bridge Step 5: Analyze and Evaluate the SelectionThe Reading Process in Action: Thomas L. Friedman's "My Favorite Teacher"About the Photographs and Visual Texts in This BookThe Reading-Writing Connection Reading as a Writer2 WritingDeveloping an Effective Writing Process Step 1: Understand Your Assignment Finding a Subject Area and Focusing on a Topic Determine Your Purpose Know Your Audience Step 2: Gather Ideas and Formulate a Thesis Brainstorming Clustering Researching Rehearsing Ideas Formulating a Thesis Step 3: Organize and Write Your First Draft Determining a Strategy for Developing Your Essay Choosing Strategies across the Disciplines Writing Your First Draft Academic Writing Step 4: Revise Your Essay Taking Advantage of Peer Critiques Revising the Larger Elements of Your Essay Writing Beginnings and Endings Revising the Smaller Elements of Your Essay Step 5: Edit and Proofread Your EssayA Student Essay in Progress Step 1: Keith's Assignment Step 2: Keith's Ideas Step 3: Keith's First Draft Step 4: Keith's Revised Essay Step 5: Keith's Edited Essay Keith Eldred, Secular Mantras (student essay)3 Writers on Writing Russell Baker, Discovering the Power of My Words Anne Lamott, Shitty First Drafts Linda Flower, Writing for an Audience William Zinsser, Simplicity *Susan Orlean, On Voice Stephen King, Reading to Write e-Pages *Jonathan Beer, Writing Process Animation4 NarrationWhat is Narration?Narration in Written TextsUsing Narration as a Writing StrategyUsing Narration across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Narration as a Writing Strategy Laura LaPierre, Why Are You Here? (student essay)Suggestions for Using Narration as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Narration Essay Select a Topic That Has Meaning for You Determine Your Point and Purpose Establish a Context Choose the Most Appropriate Point of View Gather Details That "Show, Don't Tell" Organizing Your Narration Essay Identify the Sequence of Events in Your Narrative Writing Your Narration Essay Keep Your Verb Tense Consistent Use Narrative Time for Emphasis Use Transitional Words to Clarify Narrative Sequence Use Dialogue to Bring Your Narrative to Life Revising and Editing Your Narration Essay Share Your Draft with Others Question Your Own Work While Revising and EditingMalcolm X, Coming to an Awareness of Language*Elisa Mala, Crime FamilyDavid P. Bardeen, Not Close Enough for Comfort Barry Winston, Stranger Than True*Jennifer 8. Lee, For Immigrant Family, No Easy Journeye-Pages *Lt. Dan Choi, Don't Tell, Martha!Writing Suggestions for Narration5 DescriptionWhat is Description?Description in Written TextsUsing Description as a Writing StrategyUsing Description across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Description as a Writing Strategy James C. Tassé, Trailcheck (student essay)Suggestions for Using Description as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Description Essay Determine a Purpose Use Description in the Service of an Idea Organizing Your Description Essay Create a Dominant Impression Organize Your Details to Create a Vivid Picture Revising and Editing Your Description Essay Show, Don't Tell: Use Specific Nouns and Action Verbs Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: Description*Jeannette Walls, A Woman on the StreetPat Mora, Remembering LoboRobert Ramirez, The Barrio*E. B. White, Once More to the Lake
Maya Angelou, Sister Flowers
e-Pages *Vocativ, Tower of DavidWriting Suggestions for Description6 IllustrationWhat is Illustration?Illustration in Written TextsUsing Illustration as a Writing StrategyUsing Illustration across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Illustration as a Writing Strategy Paula Kersch, Weight Management: More than a Matter of Good Looks (student essay)Suggestions for Using Illustration as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Illustration Essay Focus on Your Thesis or Main Idea Gather More Examples Than You Can Use Choose Relevant Examples Be Sure Your Examples Are Representative Organizing Your Illustration Essay Sequence Your Examples Logically Use Transitions Revising and Editing Your Illustration Essay Share Your Work with Others Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: IllustrationNatalie Goldberg, Be Specific*Kal Raustiala and Chris Sprigman, In Praise of CopycatsMitch Albom, If You Had One Day with Someone Who's Gone*Firoozeh Dumas, Hot Dogs & Wild GeeseDeborah Tannen, How to Give Orders Like a Mane-Pages *XPLANE, Did You Know?Writing Suggestions for Illustration7 Process AnalysisWhat is Process Analysis?Process Analysis in Written TextsUsing Process Analysis as a Writing Strategy Directional Process Analysis Informational Process Analysis Evaluative Process AnalysisUsing Process Analysis across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Process Analysis as a Writing Strategy Shoshanna Lew, How (Not) to Be Selected for Jury Duty (student essay)Suggestions for Using Process Analysis as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Process Analysis Essay Know the Process You Are Writing About Have a Clear Purpose Organizing Your Process Analysis Essay Organize the Process into Steps Use Transitions to Link the Steps Revising and Editing Your Process Analysis Essay Energize Your Writing: Use the Active Voice and Strong Action Verbs Use Consistent Verb Tense Share Your Drafts with Others Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: Process AnalysisMortimer Adler, How to Mark a BookTiffany O'Callaghan, Young LoveMichael Pollan, Eating Industrial Meat*Robert Krulwich, Are Butterflies Two Different Animals in One? The Death and Resurrection TheoryNikki Giovanni, Campus Racism 101e-Pages *Sustainable America, How to Compost in Your ApartmentWriting Suggestions for Process Analysis8 Comparison and ContrastWhat are Comparison and Contrast?Comparison and Contrast in Written TextsUsing Comparison and Contrast as a Writing StrategyUsing Comparison and Contrast across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Comparison and Contrast as a Writing Strategy Barbara Bowman, Guns and Cameras (student essay)Suggestions for Using Comparison and Contrast as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Comparison and Contrast Essay Compare Subjects from the Same Class Determine Your Purpose, and Focus on it Formulate a Thesis Statement Choose the Points of Comparison Organizing and Writing Your Comparison and Contrast Essay Choose an Organizational Pattern That Fits Your Material Use Parallel Constructions for Emphasis Revising and Editing Your Comparison and Contrast Essay Share Your Drafts with Others Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: Comparison and ContrastSuzanne Britt, Neat People vs. Sloppy People*Mark Bittman, Which Diet Works?Bharati Mukherjee, Two Ways to Belong in America*Andrew Vachss, Difference Between ‘Sick’ and ‘Evil’Bruce Catton, Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrastse-Pages *Devin Hahn, One Small Step for ManWriting Suggestions for Comparison and Contrast9 Division and ClassificationWhat are Division and Classification?Division and Classification in Written TextsUsing Division and Classification as a Writing StrategyUsing Division and Classification across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Division and Classification as a Writing Strategy *Gerald Dromos, NYM’s Talk (student essay)Suggestions for Using Division and Classification as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Division and Classification Essay Determine Your Purpose, and Focus on It Formulate a Thesis Statement Organizing and Writing Your Division and Classification Essay Establish Valid Categories State Your Conclusion Revising and Editing Your Division and Classification Essay Listen to What Your Classmates Have to Say Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: Division and ClassificationRosalind Wiseman, The Queen Bee and Her Court*Dahlia Lithwick, Chaos Theory: A Unified Theory of Muppet TypesJudith Viorst, The Truth about LyingMartin Luther King Jr., The Ways of Meeting Oppression*Maria Konnikova, 'Beam Us Up, Mr. Scott!': Why Misquotations Catch One-Pages *Flowtown, Social Media Demographics: Who's Using Which Sites?Writing Suggestions for Division and Classification10 DefinitionWhat is Definition?Definition in Written TextsUsing Definition as a Writing StrategyUsing Definition across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Definition as a Writing Strategy Howard Solomon, Jr., Best Friends (student essay)Suggestions for Using Definition as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Definition Essay Determine Your Purpose Formulate a Thesis Statement Consider Your Audience Choose a Type of Definition That Fits Your Subject Organizing and Writing Your Definition Essay Develop an Organizational Plan Use Other Rhetorical Strategies to Support Your Definition Revising and Editing Your Definition Essay Share Your Drafts with Others Select Words That Accurately Denote and Connote What You Want to Say Use Specific and Concrete Words Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: DefinitionJo Goodwin Parker, What Is Poverty?G. Anthony Gorry, Steal This MP3 File: What Is Theft?Deborah M. Roffman, What Does 'Boys Will Be Boys' Really Mean?Sojourner Truth, Ain't I a Woman?*Walter Isaacson, The Genius of Jobse-Pages *GOOD, Not Your Parents' American DreamWriting Suggestions for Definition11 Cause and Effect AnalysisWhat is Cause and Effect Analysis?Cause and Effect Analysis in Written TextsUsing Cause and Effect Analysis as a Writing StrategyUsing Cause and Effect Analysis across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Cause and Effect Analysis as a Writing Strategy Kevin Cunningham, Gentrification (student essay)Suggestions for Using Cause and Effect Analysis as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Cause and Effect Analysis Establish Your Focus Determine Your Purpose Formulate a Thesis Statement Organizing and Writing Your Cause and Effect Analysis Avoid Oversimplification and Errors of Logic Use Other Rhetorical Strategies Revising and Editing Your Cause and Effect Analysis Select Words That Strike a Balanced Tone Share Your Draft with Others Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: Cause and Effect AnalysisJon Katz, How Boys Become Men*Carrie Arnold, Is Anorexia a Cultural Disease?Andrew Sullivan, iPod World: The End of Society?Carl M. Cannon, The Real Computer VirusMichael Jonas, The Downside of Diversitye-Pages *Casey Neistat, Texting While WalkingWriting Suggestions for Cause and Effect Analysis12 ArgumentationWhat is Argumentation?Argument in Written TextsUsing Argumentation as a Writing StrategyUsing Argumentation across the DisciplinesSample Student Essay Using Argumentation as a Writing Strategy *Kate Suarez, Celebrity Obsession: Healthy Behavior? (student essay)Suggestions for Using Argumentation as a Writing Strategy Planning Your Argumentation Essay Determine Your Thesis or Proposition Consider Your Audience Gather Supporting Evidence Organizing and Writing Your Argumentation Essay Choose an Organizational Pattern Consider Refutations to Your Argument Use Other Rhetorical Strategies Conclude Forcefully Revising and Editing Your Argumentation Essay Avoid Faulty Reasoning Share Your Draft with Others Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: ArgumentationThomas Jefferson, The Declaration of IndependenceRichard Lederer, The Case for Short WordsMartin Luther King Jr., I Have a DreamSteven Pinker, In Defense of Dangerous Ideas*Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, Two Cheers for Sweatshopse-Pages *Slavery Footprint, How Many Slaves Work For You? *Argument Cluster: Sports and Doping *Ian Steadman, How Sports Would Be Better with Doping *Reid Forgrave, No Easy Answer for PEDs, Youth *Jonathan Vaughters, How to Get Doping Out of Sports e-Pages *Peter Singer, Is Doping Wrong?Writing Suggestions for Argumentation *Argument Cluster: Technology and Privacy *Joel Stein, Data Mining: How Companies Now Know Everything About You *Massimo Calabresi, The Phone Knows All *Rafi Ron, Man Versus Machine e-Pages *Jim Harper, It’s Modern Trade: Web Users Get as Much as They GiveWriting Suggestions for Argumentation *Argument Cluster: College: Is It Worth the Cost? *Michael Greenstone and Adam Looney, Where Is the Best Place to Invest $102,000—In Stocks, Bonds, or a College Degree? *Maureen Tkacik, The Student Loan Crisis that Can’t Be Gotten Rid Of *Teresa Sullivan, Four Kinds of Value in Higher Education e-Pages *Lamar Alexander, The Three-Year Solution13 Combining StrategiesWhat Does it Mean to Combine Strategies?Combining Strategies in Written TextsSample Student Essay Using a Combination of Strategies Tara E. Ketch, Kids, You Can't Read That Book! (student essay)Suggestions for Using a Combination of Strategies in an Essay Planning Your Combined Strategies Essay Determine Your Purpose Formulate a Thesis Statement Organizing Your Combined Strategies Essay Determine Your Dominant Strategy Determine Your Supporting Strategies Revising and Editing Your Combined Strategies Essay Listen to What Your Classmates Have to Say Question Your Own Work While Revising and Editing Questions for Revising and Editing: Combining StrategiesLars Eighner, On Dumpster Diving*Perri Klass, How Babies Sort Out LanguageGeorge Orwell, Shooting an ElephantJonathan Swift, A Modest Proposale-Pages *Halftone, Why is the Sky Blue? Writing Suggestions for Combining Strategies14 Writing with SourcesWhat Does It Mean to Write with Sources?Writing with Sources Summarizing Paraphrasing Using Direct Quotation Integrating Borrowed Material into Your TextAvoiding Plagiarism Using Quotation Marks for Language Borrowed Directly Using Your Own Words and Word Order When Summarizing and ParaphrasingSample Student Essay Using Library and Internet Sources *Courtney Sypher, From Computer Cruelty to Campus Crime: Cyberbullying at College (student essay) Lily Huang, The Case of the Disappearing Rabbit *Jane S. Shaw, Nature in the Suburbs Jake Jamieson, The English-Only Movement: Can America Proscribe Language With a Clear Conscience? (student essay)e-Pages *Megan Garber, The Curator's Guide to the Galaxy15 A Brief Guide to Researching and Documenting EssaysEstablishing a Realistic ScheduleFinding and Using Sources Conducting Keyword Searches Using Subject Directories to Define and Develop Your Research TopicEvaluating Your SourcesAnalyzing Your SourcesDeveloping a Working Bibliography Taking NotesDocumenting Sources In-Text Citations Periodical Print Publications: Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers Nonperiodical Print Publications: Books, Brochures, and Pamphlets Web Publications Online Scholarly Journals Periodical Publications in an Online Database Nonperiodical Web Publications Additional Common Sources16 Editing for Grammar, Punctuation, and Sentence StyleRun-Ons: Fused Sentences and Comma SplicesSentence FragmentsComma FaultsSubject-Verb AgreementUnclear Pronoun ReferencesPronoun-Antecedent AgreementDangling and Misplaced ModifiersFaulty ParallelismWeak Nouns and VerbsShifts in Verb Tense, Mood, and VoiceWordinessSentence Variety*Appendix: Thematic Writing AssignmentsGlossary of Rhetorical Terms