Subjective Time: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Temporality

Subjective Time: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Temporality

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Overview

Interdisciplinary perspectives on the feature of conscious life that scaffolds every act of cognition: subjective time.

Our awareness of time and temporal properties is a constant feature of conscious life. Subjective temporality structures and guides every aspect of behavior and cognition, distinguishing memory, perception, and anticipation. This milestone volume brings together research on temporality from leading scholars in philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience, defining a new field of interdisciplinary research.

The book's thirty chapters include selections from classic texts by William James and Edmund Husserl and new essays setting them in historical context; contemporary philosophical accounts of lived time; and current empirical studies of psychological time. These last chapters, the larger part of the book, cover such topics as the basic psychophysics of psychological time, its neural foundations, its interaction with the body, and its distortion in illness and altered states of consciousness.

Contributors
Melissa J. Allman, Holly Andersen, Valtteri Arstila, Yan Bao, Dean V. Buonomano, Niko A. Busch, Barry Dainton, Sylvie Droit-Volet, Christine M. Falter, Thomas Fraps, Shaun Gallagher, Alex O. Holcombe, Edmund Husserl, William James, Piotr Jaskowski, Jeremie Jozefowiez, Ryota Kanai, Allison N. Kurti, Dan Lloyd, Armando Machado, Matthew S. Matell, Warren H. Meck, James Mensch, Bruno Mölder, Catharine Montgomery, Konstantinos Moutoussis, Peter Naish, Valdas Noreika, Sukhvinder S. Obhi, Ruth Ogden, Alan o'Donoghue, Georgios Papadelis, Ian B. Phillips, Ernst Pöppel, John E. R. Staddon, Dale N. Swanton, Rufin VanRullen, Argiro Vatakis, Till M. Wagner, John Wearden, Marc Wittmann, Agnieszka Wykowska, Kielan Yarrow, Bin Yin, Dan Zahavi

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262019941
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 03/27/2014
Series: The MIT Press
Pages: 688
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.50(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Valtteri Arstila is a Researcher in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Philosophy at the University of Turku, Finland.

Dan Lloyd is Thomas C. Brownell Professor of Philosophy at Trinity College and the author of Simple Minds and Radiant Cool: A Novel Theory of Consciousness , both published by the MIT PressShaun Gallagher is Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department at the University of Central Florida and coeditor of the journal Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences .

Dan Zahavi is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Center for Subjectivity Research at the University of Copenhagen and the author of Self-Awareness and Alterity and Husserl's Phenomenology .

Valtteri Arstila is a Researcher in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Philosophy at the University of Turku, Finland.

Dan Lloyd is Thomas C. Brownell Professor of Philosophy at Trinity College and the author of Simple Minds and Radiant Cool: A Novel Theory of Consciousness , both published by the MIT PressJ. E. R. Staddon is th James B. Duke Professor of Psychology and Professor of Zoology and Neurobiology at Duke University.

Marc Wittmann is Research Fellow at the Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health in Freiburg, Germany, and the author of Felt Time: The Psychology of How We Perceive Time (MIT Press).

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

Contributors xv

Part I Historical Sources 1

1 Excerpts from The Principles of Psychology William James 3

2 The Development of the "Specious Present" and James's Views on Temporal Experience Holly Andersen 25

3 A Brief Account of Husserl's Conception of Our Consciousness of Time James Mensch 43

4 The Structure of Lived Time Edmund Husserl James Mensch 61

Part II Contemporary Philosophies of Lived Time 75

5 Primal Impression and Enactive Perception Shaun Gallagher Dan Zahavi 83

6 The Phenomenal Continuum Barry Dainton 101

7 The Temporal Structure of Experience Ian Phillips 139

Part III Choppy Streams of Consciousness 159

8 Is Visual Perception Like a Continuous Flow or a Series of Snapshots? Niko A. Busch Rufin VanRullen 161

9 Are There Cracks in the Facade of Continuous Visual Experience? Alex O. Holcombe 179

Part IV Fragments of Time 199

10 Perceptual Asynchrony in Vision Konstantinos Moutoussis 201

11 Constructing Time: Dennett and Grush on Temporal Representation Bruno Mölder 217

Part V Subjective Times and Lived Time 239

12 Temporal Windows as a Bridge from Objective to Subjective Time Ernst Pöppel Yan Bao 241

13 Time and Magic-Manipulating Subjective Temporality Thomas Fraps 263

14 Subjective Duration in the Laboratory and the World Outside John Wearden Alan O'Donoghue Ruth Ogden Catharine Montgomery 287

Part VI Intersections: Timeless Philosophy and Timely Experiment 307

15 Subjective Time: From Past to Future Valtteri Arstila Dan Lloyd 309

Part VII Off the Clock 323

16 The Neural Mechanisms of Timing on Short Timescales Dean V. Buonomano 329

17 Illusory Distortion of Subjective Time Perception Ryota Kanai 343

18 Cognitive versus Associative Decision Rules in Timing J. Jozefowiez A. Machado J. E. R. Staddon 355

Part VIII What and When 377

19 What Determines Simultaneity and Order Perception? Piotr Jaskowski 379

20 The Research on Audiovisual Perception of Temporal Order and the Processing of Musical Temporal Patterns: Associations, Pitfalls, and Future Directions Argiro Vatakis Georgios Papadelis 409

21 On the Flexibility of Human Temporal Resolution Agnieszka Wykowska Valtteri Arstila 431

Part IX Action and Passion 453

22 Temporal Perception in the Context of Action Kielan Yarrow Sukhvinder S. Obhi 455

23 What Emotions Tell Us about Time Sylvie Droit-Volet 477

24 Embodied Time: The Experience of Time, the Body, and the Self Marc Wittmann 507

Part X Altered Times 525

25 Variability of Duration Perception: From Natural and Induced Alterations to Psychiatric Disorders Valdas Noreika Christine M. Falter Till M. Wagner 529

26 Time Processing in Developmental Disorders: A Comparative View Christine M. Falter Valdas Noreika 557

27 The Potential Link between Temporal Averaging and Drug-Taking Behavior Allison N. Kurti Dale N. Swanton Matthew S. Matell 599

28 The Perception of Time in Hypnosis Peter Naish 621

29 Time in the Psychopathological Mind Melissa J. Allman Bin Yin Warren H. Meck 637

Part XI Reflections 655

30 The Disunity of Time Dan Lloyd Valtteri Arstila 657

Index 665

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