Pub. Date:
Springer-Verlag New York, LLC


by Janusz S. Kowalik


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Supercomputing is an important science and technology that enables the scientist or the engineer to simulate numerically very complex physical phenomena related to large-scale scientific, industrial and military applications. It has made considerable progress since the first NATO Workshop on High-Speed Computation in 1983 (Vol. 7 of the same series). This book is a collection of papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Trondheim, Norway, in June 1989. It presents key research issues related to: - hardware systems, architecture and performance; - compilers and programming tools; - user environments and visualization; - algorithms and applications. Contributions include critical evaluations of the state-of-the-art and many original research results.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780387526911
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
Publication date: 08/01/1990
Series: NATO Science Series
Pages: 425
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction.- Supercomputing: Key Issues and Challenges.- 2 Supercomputing Centers.- Supercomputing Facilities for the 1990s.- Research and Development in the Numerical Aerodynamic Simulation Program.- Supercomputing at KFA Juelich: Experiences and Applications on CRAY X-MP.- Supercomputing: Experience with Operational Parallel Processing.- The Evolving Supercomputer Environment at the San Diego Supercomputer Center.- 3 Supercomputer Architecture.- SUPRENUM: Architecture and Applications.- Advanced Architecture and Technology of the NEC SX-3 Supercomputer.- 4 Programming Tools and Scheduling.- Process Scheduling: Parallel Languages Versus Operating Systems.- SARA: A Cray Assembly Language Speedup Tool.- Modeling the Memory of the Cray 2 for Compile Time Optimization.- On the Parallelization of Sequential Programs.- 5 User Environments and Visualization.- The Role of Graphics Super-Workstations in a Supercomputing Environment.- Issues in Scientific Visualization.- 6 Requirements and Performance.- Requirements for Multidisciplinary Design of Aerospace Vehicles on High Performance Computers.- Supercomputer Performance Evaluation: The PERFECT Benchmarks.- Measurements of Problem-Related Performance Parameters.- 7 Methods and Algorithms.- A Parallel Iterative Method for Solving 3-D Elliptic Partial Differential Equations.- Solving Linear Equations by Extrapolation.- Super Parallel Algorithms.- Vectorization and Parallelization of Transport Monte Carlo Simulation Codes.- Very Large Database Applications of the Connection Machine System.- Data Structures for Parallel Computation on Shared-Memory Machines.- Parallel Evaluation of some Recurrence Relations by Recursive Doubling.- An Asynchronous Newton-Raphson Method.- 8 Networking.- Interconnection Networks for Highly Parallel Supercomputing Architectures.- Computer Networking for Interactive Supercomputing.- 9 Storage.- You’re Not Waiting, You’re Doing I/O.- Appendix Report from Trondheim: Trends and Needs in Supercomputing B. Buzbee.- Presenters.

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