Because of their unique properties and relatively low environmental impact, supercritical fluids have proven highly useful in the extraction and separation of organic compounds, in particle production, as reaction media, and for the destruction of toxic waste. In Supercritical Fluid Methods and Prools, experienced practitioners present detailed accounts of a wide variety of techniques using supercritical fluids. These range from the supercritical fluid extraction methods for numerous compounds to the ninhydrin staining of fingerprints on checks and banknotes, and from the detection of impurities in pharmaceuticals to a wide variety of applications throughout environmental and food science, and across analytical, clinical, and medicinal chemistry. Detailed step-by-step instructions enable users to apply these essential techniques successfully the first time, and include modifications that permit their effective adaptation to novel experimental or process conditions. For each application, additional discussions provide needed background information, lists of materials and apparatus, and advice about common pitfalls and how to avoid them.
Versatile and comprehensive, Supercritical Methods and Prools offers both novice and experienced investigators and laboratory analysts powerful tools that will enable successful biological and bioprocess analyses and optimizations today.
|Publisher:||Springer-Verlag New York, LLC|
|Series:||Methods in Biotechnology Series , #13|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2000|
|Product dimensions:||5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.35(d)|
Table of Contents
Introduction to Supercritical Fluids and Their Applications, Anthony A. Clifford and John R. Williams. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Caffeine from Instant Coffee, John R. Dean, Ben Liu, and Edwin Ludkin. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Nitrosamines from Cured Meats, John W. Pensabene and Walter Fiddler. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Melengestrol Acetate from Bovine Fat Tissue, Robert J. Maxwell, Owen W. Parks, Roxanne J. Shadwell, Alan R. Lightfield, Carolyn Henry, and Brenda S. Fuerst. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Polychlorinated Biphenyls from Fish Tissue, Michael O. Gaylor and Robert C. Hale. Isolation of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Fish Products by Supercritical Fluid Extraction, Eila P. Järvenpää and Rainer Huopalahti. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Mycotoxins from Feeds, Rainer Huopalahti and Eila P. Järvenpää. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Pigments from Seeds of Eschscholtzia californica Cham, Maria L. Colombo and Andrea Mossa. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Flumetralin from Tobacco Samples, Fernando M. Lanças, Mário S. Galhiane, and Sandra R. Rissato. Supercritical Fluid Extraction and High Performance Liquid Chromatography Determination of Carbendazim in Bee Larvae, José L. Bernal, Juan J. Jiménez, and María T. Martín. Supercritical Fluid Extraction Coupled with Enzyme Immunoassay Analysis of Soil Herbicides, G. Kim Stearman. The Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Drugs of Abuse from Human Hair, Pascal Kintz and Christian Staub. Application of Direct Aqueous Supercritical Fluid Extraction for the Dynamic Recovery of Testosterone Liberated from the Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Testosterone-b-d-Glucuronide, Edward D. Ramsey, Brian Minty, and Anthony T. Rees. Analysis of Anabolic Drugs by Direct Aqueous Supercritical Fluid Extraction Coupled On-Line with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography, Edward D. Ramsey, Brian Minty, and Anthony T. Rees. Detection of Beta-Blockers in Urine and Serum by Solid-Phase Extraction-Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Kari Hartonen and Marja-Liisa Riekkola. On-Line SFE-SFC for the Analysis of Fat-Soluble Vitamins and Other Lipids from Water Matrices, Francisco J. Señoráns and Karin E. Markides. Determination of Artemisinin in Artemisia annua L. by Off-Line Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Supercritical Fluid Chromatography Coupled to an Evaporative Light-Scattering Detector, Marcel Kohler, Werner Haerdi, Philippe Christen, and Jean-Luc Veuthey. Analysis of Cannabis by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography with Ultraviolet Detection, Michael D. Cole. Direct Chiral Resolution of Optical Isomers of Diltiazem Hydrochloride by Packed Column Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, Koji Yaku, Keiichi Aoe, Noriyuki Nishimura, Tadashi Sato, and Fujio Morishita. Determination of Salbutamol Sulfate and Its Impurities in Pharmaceuticals by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, María J. del Nozal, Laura Toribio, José L. Bernal, and Maria L. Serna. Packed Column Supercritical Fluid Chromatographic Determination of Acetaminophen, Propyphenazone, and Caffeine in Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms, Urmila J. Dhorda, Viddesh R. Bari, and M. Sundaresan. Analysis of Shark Liver Oil by Thin-Layer and Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, Christina Borch-Jensen, Magnus Magnussen, and Jørgen Mollerup. Enzymatically Catalyzed Transesterifications in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide, Rolf Marr, Harald Michor, Thomas Gamse, and Helmut Schwab. Transesterification Reactions Catalyzed by Subtilisin Carlsberg Suspended in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide and in Supercritical Ethane, Teresa Corrêa de Sampaio and Susana Barreiros. Enzymatic Synthesis of Peptide in Water-Miscible Organic Solvent/Supercritical Carbon Dioxide, Hidetaka Noritomi. Micronization of a Polysaccharide by a Supercritical Antisolvent Technique, Alberto Bertucco and Paolo Pallado. Rapid Expansion of Supercritical Solutions Technology: Production of Fine Particles of Steroid Drugs, Paolo Alessi, Angelo Cortesi, Ireneo Kikic, and Fabio Carli. Supercritical Fluid Aerosolized Vitamin E Supplementation, Brooks M. Hybertson. Extraction of Biologically Active Substances from Wood, Jeffrey J. Morrell and Keith L. Levien. The Deposition of a Biocide in Wood-Based Material, Jeffrey J. Morrell and Keith L. Levien. Critical Point Drying of Biological Specimens for Scanning Electron Microscopy, Douglas Bray. Staining of Fingerprints on Checks and Banknotes Using Ninhydrin, Anthony A. Clifford and Ricky L. Green. Index.