Surfaces and Interfaces I: Chemical and Physical Characteristics by John Burke
The U. S. Army Materials Research Agency has conducted the Saga more Army Materials Research Conferences, in cooperation with the Metallurgical Research Laboratories of the Department of Chemical En gineering and Metallurgy of Syracuse University, since 1954. The pur pose of the conferences has been to gather together scientists and engi neers from academic institutions, industry, and government who are uniquely qualified to explore in depth a subject of importance to the Army and the Department of Defenseo The subject of the Thirteenth Sagamore Army Materials Research Con ference, "Surfaces and Interfaces I: Chemical and Physical Characteris tics," was chosen from a substantial number of possible topics because scientists in the Army responsible for materials research, the conference committee, and the participants believed that much good would result from a detailed analysis of: the knowledge and role of surfaces, including their fundamental characteristics; the role of adsorption and adhesion; and the kinetics, both of exterior surfaces and interfaces. This informa tion should aid immeasurably in leading the way to vastly improved mate rials, vitally essential if progress is to be made in structures having improved performance. The wisdom of selecting a topic concerned with surfaces and inter faces is substantiated by the papers presented in this publication.
Session I Surfaces and Interfaces.- 1 Introduction to the Characteristics of Surfaces and Interfaces.- Session II Characterization of Surfaces: Part I.- 2 Techniques for Studying Clean Surfaces.- 3 Electron Optical Characterization of Metal Surfaces.- 4 Semiconductor Surfaces.- Session III Characterization of Surfaces: Part II.- 5 Electronic Surface States of Ionic Insulators.- 6 Crystallographic Anisotropy in the Surface Energy of Solids.- Session IV Adsorption and Adhesion.- 7 The Heterogeneity of Solid Substrates.- 8 Intermolecular and Interatomic Forces at Interfaces.- 9 Application of Recent Static Adhesion Data to the Adhesion Theory of Friction.- 10 The Similarities of Static and Kinetic Friction.- Session V Surface Kinetics.- 11 Surface Self-Diffusion in FCC and BCC Metals: A Comparison of Theory and Experiment.- 12 Recent Developments in Heterogeneous Nucleation from the Vapor Phase.- 13 Surface Energies from Transport Measurements.- 14 Oxidation Rate and Oxide Structural Defects.- 15 X-Ray Study of Thin Surface Layers.- Session VI Interfaces.- 16 On the Structure of Epitaxial Bicrystals.- 17 Initial Stages of Epitaxy and Interfacial Dislocations.- 18 Low-Energy-Electron Diffraction Study of the Epitaxy of Si on Si.- 19 Some Physical and Chemical Properties of Grain Boundaries.