Surgical Neuroangiography: 2 Endovascular Treatment of Craniofacial Lesions

Surgical Neuroangiography: 2 Endovascular Treatment of Craniofacial Lesions

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642711909
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 11/17/2011
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1987
Pages: 419
Product dimensions: 8.27(w) x 11.02(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

1 Technical Aspects of Surgical Neuroangiography.- I. Introduction.- II. Patient Preparation.- Preoperative Medications.- III.Anesthesia of Embolization.- 1. General Anesthesia.- 2. Neuroleptic Analgesia.- 3. Tracheostomy.- 4. Local Anesthesia.- IV.Puncture Sites.- Introducer Sheath.- V. Catheters and Delivery Systems.- 1. Conventional Catheters.- 2. Balloon Catheters.- 3. Propelling Chambers.- 4. Detachable Balloons.- 5.Open End Guidewires.- 6.Guidewires.- VI. Embolic Agents.- 1. Particle Embolization.- 2.Gianturco Coils.- 3.Nonabsorbable Liquids.- VII. Opacifying Agents.- 1. Tantalum Powder.- 2. Metrizamide Powder.- VIII. Ethyl Alcohol (95 %Ethanol).- 1. Ethanol Injection in the Arterial System.- 2. Ethanol Injection in Venous Malformations.- IX. Infusion Chemotherapy.- Time Released Microcapsules (Chemoembolization).- X. Other Potential Agents.- 1. Ethibloc.- 2. Collagen.- 3. Estrogen.- XL Miscellaneous.- 1. Syringes.- 2. Stopcocks and “Y” Adaptors.- 3. Tray Containers.- 4. Flushing Solutions.- 5. Systemic Heparinization.- 6. Activated Coagulation Time (ACT) Monitoring.- 7. Corticosteroids.- 8. Normal Physiology of the External Carotid Arteries.- XII. FlowControl.- 1. Protection of a “Dangerous” Anastomosis.- 2. Intralesional Flow Control.- 3. Occlusive Balloon Flow Reversal.- 4. Functional Rearrangement of the Supply to a Territory.- 5. Surgical Flow Control.- XIII. Provocative Test.- XIV. Electrophysiological Monitoring (EPhM).- XV. Angiographic Equipment.- XVI. Postembolization Care.- XVII. SpecialCare.- 1. Neurological Deficit.- 2. Post-Op Swelling.- 3. Skin Necrosis.- XVIII. Follow-Up.- 2 Dural and Bony Tumors.- I. Introduction.- II. Meningiomas.- 1. Epidemiology.- 2. Pathology.- 3. Clinical Presentation.- 4. Pretherapeutic Evaluation.- 5. Therapeutic Strategy and Clinical Objectives.- 6. Technical Aspects of Embolization.- 7. Special Considerations in Meningioma Embolization.- III. Other Bony and Dural Tumors.- 1. Cerebral Tumors.- 2. Neurinomas.- 3. Esthesioneuroblastomas.- 3 Nasopharyngeal Tumors.- I. Juvenile Angiofibromas (JAF).- 1. Macroscopic Pathology.- 2. Microscopic Pathology.- 3. Epidemiology.- 4. Pathophysiology.- 5. Clinical Findings.- 6. Natural History.- 7. Pretherapeutic Evaluation.- 8. Therapeutic Goals.- 9. Technical Aspects of Embolization.- 10. Tumor Recurrence.- II. Other Nasopharyngeal Tumors.- III. Conclusion.- 4 Temporal and Cervical Tumors.- Branchial Paragangliomas.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Embryology.- 3. Epidemiology.- 4. Pathology.- 5. Natural History.- 6. Clinical Aspects.- 7. Differential Diagnosis.- 8. Pretherapeutic Evaluation.- 9. Therapeutic Strategies.- 10. Technical Aspects of Embolization.- 11. Complications of Embolization of Paragangliomas.- 5 Other Craniofacial Tumors.- I. ThyrolaryngealTumors.- II. Craniofacial Malignant Lesions.- 6 Arteriovenous Fistulas (AVFs).- I. Introduction.- II. Carotid Cavernous Fistulas (CCFs).- 1. Anatomo-Clinical Features.- 2. Etiology and Epidemiology.- 3. Natural History.- 4. Visual Symptoms.- 5. Pretherapeutic Evaluation.- 6. Therapeutic Objectives and Strategy.- 7. Technical Aspects of Embolization.- 8. Postembolization Care.- III.Vertebral Arteriovenous Fistulas (VAFs).- 1. General.- 2. Clinical Findings.- 3. Natural History and Indications for Treatment.- 4. Pretherapeutic Evaluation.- 5. Angiographic Protocol.- 6. Embolization.- IV.Common Carotid Fistulas (CCFs).- V. External Carotid Fistulas (ECFs).- 1. General.- 2. Incidence.- 3. Natural History.- VI. Other Types of AVFs.- 1. Fistulas of the External Carotid Main Trunk.- 2. Malignant Fistulas.- 7 Aneurysms.- I. Introduction.- II. Extradural Carotid Artery Aneurysms.- 1. General.- 2. Aneurysms of the Common Carotid Artery.- 3. Cervical Internal Carotid Aneurysms.- 4. Petrous Carotid Aneurysms.- 5. Aneurysms of the Cavernous Segment of the Internal Carotid Artery (ACCs).- III. Aneurysms of the External Carotid Artery.- IV. Extradural Vertebral Aneurysms.- V. Fibromuscular Dysplasia (FMD).- 1. General.- 2. Diagnosis and Treatment of FMD.- 8 Dural Arteriovenous Malformations (DAVMs).- I. Historical Review.- II. Pathophysiology.- III. Classification.- IV. Clinical Behavior of DAVMs.- 1. Symptoms Related to Arterial “Steal” Phenomena.- 2. Factors Involved in the Production of Tinnitus and Objective Bruits.- 3. High Flow Lesions.- 4. Venous Thrombosis.- 5. Venous Ischemia.- 6. Venous Mass Effect.- 7.Venous Rupture.- V. Evolution of Symptoms.- VI. Natural History.- VII. Hormonal Influences.- VIII. Pretherapeutic Evaluation.- IX. Therapeutic Aspects.- 1. Objectives and Strategy.- 2. Topographic Considerations.- 3. Technical Aspects.- 4. Embolization Timing.- 5. Complications of Embolization.- 6. Surgery.- 9 Craniofacial Vascular Lesions: General.- I. Introduction.- II. Postulated Embryogenesis.- III. General Classification. Clinical Behavior and Treatment Strategy.- 1. Hemangiomas.- 2. Vascular Malformations.- IV. Pretherapeutic Evaluation of the Vascular Lesions of the Head and Neck Area.- V. Urgent or Emergent Pretherapeutic Evaluations.- VI. Angioarchitecture.- 10 Craniofacial Hemangiomas, Vascular Malformations and Angiomatosis: Specific Aspects.- I. Hemangiomas.- 1. Subglottic Hemangiomas.- 2. Eyelid Hemangiomas.- 3. Oral Hemangiomas.- 4. Salivary Gland Hemangiomas.- 5. Bone Hemangiomas.- 6. The Kasabach and Merritt Syndrome.- II. Vascular Malformations.- 1. Oral Vascular Lesions.- 2. Cutaneomuscular Vascular Lesions.- 3. Complex Vascular Malformations.- 4. Capillary Venous Malformations.- 5. Venous Vascular Malformations.

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