ISBN-10:
0310494745
ISBN-13:
9780310494744
Pub. Date:
06/19/2012
Publisher:
Zondervan
A Survey of the New Testament / Edition 5

A Survey of the New Testament / Edition 5

by Robert H. GundryRobert H. Gundry
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Overview

Robert Gundry’s now classic survey of the New Testament has been a mainstay for college and graduate courses around the world, having been used by thousands of professors and students. This fifth edition includes updates and revisions throughout and a fresh, full-color design. One thing about A Survey of the New Testament that has not changed: its premise. Unlike most New Testament surveys, this book leads students to actually read the Bible. Topics and issues discussed in the text are linked whenever possible with assigned readings that expose the reader to the entire New Testament. Comments on the readings provide additional help. A Survey of the New Testament, 5th Edition, includes these features: - New design in full-color with more photos and improved maps - Links to relevant websites - Outlines, study goals, summaries, and review questions for each chapter - Phonetic pronunciations for unfamiliar names and terms - Breakouts with illustrative quotes from ancient, nonbiblical literature - Updated bibliographies - Available as both ebook and enhanced ebook with video introductions, animated maps and illustrations, chapter flashcards, and more

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780310494744
Publisher: Zondervan
Publication date: 06/19/2012
Edition description: 5th Edition
Pages: 592
Sales rank: 143,588
Product dimensions: 7.60(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.60(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Robert H. Gundry (Ph D, Manchester) is a scholar-in-residence and professor emeritus of New Testament and Greek at Westmont College in Santa Barbara, California. Among his books are Mark: A Commentary on His Apology for the Cross; Matthew: A Commentary on His Handbook for a Mixed Church Under Persecution, Soma in Biblical Theology, and Jesus the Word According to John the Sectarian.

Read an Excerpt

A Survey of the New Testament


By Robert H. Gundry

Zondervan

Copyright © 2007 Robert H. Gundry
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-0-310-27314-1


Chapter One

I. INTRODUCTION

* "New Testament" means "new covenant."

* The NT books appear in a logical order rather than a chronological order of writing.

II. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

BC Dominant Events and Personages Power

700s Assyria Exile of northern kingdom of Israel

600s Babylonia Exile of southern kingdom of Judah, destruction of Jerusalem & Solomon's temple

500s Persia Return of some Jews, rebuilding of temple & Jerusalem

400s Persia

300s Greece- Alexander the Great's Macedonia conquests, hellenization, split of empire into 4 parts

Egypt Ptolemies

200s Egypt Septuagint (Greek translation of Hebrew OT: LXX)

100s Syria Seleucids, esp. Antiochus Epiphanes' attempt to force paganism on Jews, revolt of Hasidic Jews under leadership of Maccabees (Hasmoneans)

Maccabees Jewish independence & emergence of Jewish sects (Pharisees, Essenes, Sadducees)

100-1 Rome Pompey, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Herod the Great, Jesus' birth

AD 1-100 Rome Tiberius, Pontius Pilate, Jesus' public ministry, death, & resurrection, Christian church under Peter, Paul, & others, first Jewish revolt, destruction of Jerusalem & temple (AD 70)

III. CULTURAL BACKGROUND OTHER THAN RELIGIOUS

* Many Jews lived outside as well as inside Israel.

* Roman roads facilitated travel over land; commercial transport went mainly by water.

* Cities had public baths & toilets, sewage systems, pavements, schools, etc.

* Private homes ranged from villas to apartment buildings & huts.

* Most people had skimpy, largely meatless diets.

* People wore a short robe (tunic) next to the skin, plus a long outer robe & cloth belt.

* There was no large middle class, but many slaves.

* Social mores included male dominance, importance of honor & shame, sexual immorality (even as part of pagan religions), much divorce, exposure of unwanted infants.

* Entertainment included drama, athletic competition, chariot races, gladiatorial shows.

* Instead of big industry, there were small businesses with trade guilds, other voluntary associations, & banking.

* Medical practice included surgery & dentistry.

III. RELIGIOUS BACKGROUND

* Paganism featured mythology regarding a pantheon of gods & goddesses, emperor worship, mystery religions, superstitious practices, syncretism with outgrowths of Gnosticism & the influence of philosophies (esp. Stoicism).

* Judaism featured

Synagogues, the second temple (beautified by Herod the Great)

OT in original Hebrew, Greek translation (LXX), & Aramaic paraphrases (targums)

Apocryphal books, pseudepigraphal/apocalyptic books, Dead Sea Scrolls, Talmud

Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes; Herodians & Zealots; scribes & disciples; Sanhedrin

People of the land; Diaspora Jews as Hebraists & Hellenists; Gentile proselytes & God-fearers

Narrow religious education of Jews in contrast with liberal education among Gentiles

Messianic hope

IV. CANON AND TEXT OF THE NT

* "Canon" refers to books accepted as standard for belief & conduct.

* In the precanonical period, Christians depended on the OT, oral tradition regarding Jesus, & pronouncements of Christian prophets.

* The homolegoumena were books quickly canonized, antilegomena books eventually canonized.

* Marcion's short canon prompted orthodox formalizing of the present NT canon.

(Continues...)



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