Surviving Hitler and Mussolini examines how far everyday life was possible in a situation of total war and brutal occupation. Its theme is the social experience of occupation in German- and Italian-occupied Europe, and in particular the strategies ordinary people developed in order to survive. Survival included meeting the challenges of shortage and hunger, of having to work for the enemy, of women entering into intimate relations with soldiers, of the preservation of culture in a fascist universe, of whether and how to resist, and the reaction of local communities to measures of reprisal taken in response to resistance. What emerges is that ordinary people were less heroes, villains or victims than inventive and resourceful individuals able to maintain courage and dignity despite the conditions they faced.The book adopts a comparative approach from Denmark and the Netherlands to Poland and Greece, and offers a fresh perspective on the Second World War.
About the Author
Robert Gildea is Professor of French History at the University of Oxford. Olivier Wieviorka is Professor at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan, Paris. Anette Warring is Professor of History, University of Roskilde, Denmark.
Table of Contents
Introduction * Surviving HungerPolymeris Voglis * To Work or not to workRobert Gildea, Dirk Luyten and Juliane Fürst * Intimate and sexual relationsAnette Warring * The School as cultural interfacePavla Vosahlíková, Bénédicte Rochet and Fabrice Weiss * Resistance from everyday life to counter-stateOlivier Wieviorka and Jacek Tebinka * Resistance and reprisalsGeraldien von Frijtag Drabbe Künzel * Conclusion