ISBN-10:
0470187794
ISBN-13:
9780470187791
Pub. Date:
04/05/2010
Publisher:
Wiley
Sustainable Development in the Process Industries: Cases and Impact / Edition 1

Sustainable Development in the Process Industries: Cases and Impact / Edition 1

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Overview

Sustainable Development in the Process Industries: Cases and Impact / Edition 1

Because of the growing interest among petroleum, recycling, and other industries, sustainability is central to chemical engineers and students. Sustainable Development in the Process Industry not only explores but also demonstrates practical solutions for using sustainable technologies, focusing on three major points: people, prosperity, and planet. Rather than presenting theories, the text provides examples and cases studies ranging from the petroleum industry to the water processing industry. With a collection of international authors, the text is suitable for any chemical engineer or student interested in achieving a more sustainable world.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780470187791
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 04/05/2010
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Jan Harmsen is principal process developer at Shell. He hasthirty-two years of industrial experience at Shell with positionsin the following departments: exploratory research, development,process design, and chemicals manufacturing. He is also, since1997, part-time Hoogewerff Professor of Sustainable ChemicalTechnology at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

Joseph B. Powell is Shell's Chief Scientist, ChemicalEngineering. He joined the Process Development Department atShell's Westhollow Technology Center (Houston) in 1988, where hehas led major R&D programs. Dr. Powell has been grantedforty-five U.S. patents and several industry awards, including theA. D. Little Award for Chemical Engineering Innovation (AIChE1998).

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Table of Contents

Contributors ix

Foreword xi

Preface xiii

1 Introduction 1
Jan Harmsen

1.1 Reason for This Book, 1

1.2 Scope of the Book, 2

1.3 Use in Education, 2

1.4 Use in Industry, 3

2 Sustainability Metrics, Indicators, and Indices for theProcess Industries 5
Joseph B. Powell

2.1 Overview and Scope, 5

2.2 Hierarchy of SD Metrics, Indices, and Indicators, 7

2.3 Practical Tools for the Process Industries, 10

2.4 Summary and Conclusions, 17

References, 19

3 Resource Effi ciency of Chemical Manufacturing Chains:Present and Future 23
Jean-Paul Lange

3.1 Introduction, 23

3.2 Resource Efficiency, 24

3.3 Economic Impact, 32

3.4 Conclusions, 35

References, 35

4 Regional Integration of Processes, Agriculture, and Society39
Michael Narodoslawsky

4.1 The Formative Character of Raw Materials, 39

4.2 The Systemic Engineering Challenge, 44

4.3 Regional Integration of Technologies, 46

References, 57

5 Eco-industrial Parks in The Netherlands: The RotterdamHarbor and Industry Complex 59
L. W. Baas and G. Korevaar

5.1 Introduction, 59

5.2 Industrial Ecosystem Programs in Rotterdam, 60

5.3 Conclusions, 76

References, 78

6 By-product Synergy Networks: Driving Innovation ThroughWaste Reduction and Carbon Mitigation 81
Andrew Mangan and Elsa Olivetti

6.1 Introduction, 81

6.2 BPS Origins, 83

6.3 The BPS Process, 87

6.4 Barriers and Challenges, 94

6.5 Benefi ts and Opportunities, 97

6.6 Examples, 100

6.7 Conclusions, 106

References, 106

7 Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass For Energy and Chemicals:Technologies at Various Scales 109
R. H. Venderbosch and W. Prins

7.1 Introduction, 109

7.2 Oil Properties, 114

7.3 Fast Pyrolysis Process Technologies, 120

7.4 Mass and Energy Balance for Production of Bio-oil and Charin a 2-ton/h Wood Plant, 136

7.5 Bio-oil Fuel Applications, 139

7.6 Chemicals from Bio-oil, 144

7.7 Economics, 148

7.8 Concluding Remarks, 149

References, 150

8 Integrated Corn-Based Biorefi nery: A Study in SustainableProcess Development 157
Carina Maria Alles and Robin Jenkins

8.1 Introduction, 157

8.2 Technology Development for an Integrated Corn-Based Biorefinery, 159

8.3 LCA Results: ICBR Versus Benchmarks, 165

8.4 Final Refl ections, 168

References, 169

9 Cellulosic Biofuels: A Sustainable Option forTransportation 171
Jean-Paul Lange, Iris Lewandowski, and Paul M. Ayoub

9.1 Introduction, 171

9.2 Case Studies, 175

9.3 Sustainability of Biomass Production, 183

9.4 Conclusions and Recommendations for R&D Activities,194

Note Added in Proof, 196

References, 196

10 Integrated Urea–Melamine Process at DSM: SustainableProduct Development 199
Tjien T. Tjioe and Johan T. Tinge

10.1 Short Summary of Melamine Development, 199

10.2 Current Uses of Melamine, 200

10.3 Urea Production, 201

10.4 Conventional DSM Stamicarbon Gas-Phase Melamine ProductionProcess, 202

10.5 New Integrated Urea–Melamine Process, 205

10.6 Conclusions, 207

References, 207

11 Sustainable Innovation in the Chemical Industry and ItsCommercial Impacts 209
Joseph B. Powell

11.1 Overview, 209

11.2 Historical Perspective, 210

11.3 Innovations in the Age of Sustainability, 212

11.4 Sustainability Driven by Innovation and Performance,215

References, 216

12 Implementation of Sustainable Strategies in Small andMedium-Sized Enterprises Based on the Concept of Cleaner Production219
Johannes Fresner and Jan Sage

12.1 Overview, 219

12.2 Active Strategies for Sustainable Management, 220

12.3 Eloxieranstalt A. Heuberger GmbH: Sustainable Management inan Anodizing Plant, 221

12.4 Analysis of the Results, 226

12.5 Implementation of Sustainable Strategies, 230

Appendix: A Successful Regional Cleaner Production Project,231

References, 236

13 Sustainable Concepts in Metals Recycling and MineralProcessing 237
Nitosh Kumar Brahma

13.1 Overview, 237

13.2 Bioleaching Process Design and Development, 238

13.3 Bioleaching Reactor Design: Applicability of the CoreParticle Model, 241

13.4 Industrial Applications, 243

13.5 Conclusions, 245

References, 246

14 Industrial Ecosystem Principles in Industrial Symbiosis:By-product Synergy 249
Qingzhong Wu

14.1 Introduction, 249

14.2 Relationship Between Industrial Symbiosis and SustainableDevelopment, 250

14.3 Challenges, Barriers, and Countermeasures in Exploration,Evaluation, and Implementation of Industrial Symbiosis, 252

14.4 What By-Product Synergy Is and Is Not, 253

14.5 Work Process and Successful Cases of Industrial Symbiosis,254

14.6 Conclusions and Recommendations, 261

References, 263

Index 265

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