Sustaining and Developing Disciplinary Expertise in Project-Based Organizations: Balanced and Integrated Solutions

Sustaining and Developing Disciplinary Expertise in Project-Based Organizations: Balanced and Integrated Solutions

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781628250756
Publisher: Project Management Institute
Publication date: 06/01/2015
Pages: 165
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 16.50(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Executive Summary viii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

In Search of Solutions to a Well-Known Challenge 3

Purpose and Research Questions 6

A Reader's Guide 7

Chapter 2 On Disciplinary Expertise in Project-Based Organizations 9

Project-Based Organizations for Knowledge Integration 10

The Need for T-Shaped Skills 12

Co-Location of Project Teams: Dispersal of Disciplinary Expertise 13

Interdisciplinary Teamwork: A Gain in Breadth, a Loss in Depth? 16

How Can Project-Based Organizations Deal With The Problem? 19

Shifting Between the Extremes 19

Disciplinary Expertise 25

Knowledge 25

Knowing 27

Contextualizing 29

Disciplinary Expertise: The KKC Framework 30

Chapter 3 Methodology 33

Approaching the Field and Selecting the Companies 33

Selecting Informants and Conducting Interviews 34

Writing Up, Analyzing, and Comparing the Cases 36

Chapter 4 Software Inc 39

The Organizational Setup 39

From Functionally Based Line Units to Feature-Driven Cross-Functional Teams 40

The Cross-Functional Teams and their Knowledge 42

Disciplinary Expertise 42

The Importance of Product Knowledge 44

The Broadening of Product and Disciplinary Knowledge 47

Sustaining Access to Deep Disciplinary and Product Knowledge 50

The Organizational Setup from the Perspective of Disciplinary Experts 53

Cross-Functional Teams Going for Knowledge Breadth 53

The New Setup: A Double-Edged Sword 57

Ways of Sustaining and Developing Disciplinary Knowledge 60

Communities of Practice 61

CoPs with a Disciplinary Focus 62

The GTE Community and Product CoPs 65

Wikis and Intranet Fora 66

Summary and Concluding Remarks 68

Chapter 5 Sentio 69

The Organizational Setup 69

The Product-Based Fine Organization and the Core Design Team 70

The Cross-Functional Teams and Their Knowledge 73

The Organizational Setup from the Perspective of Disciplinary Experts 76

The New Setup: A Double-Edged Sword 77

Ways Of Sustaining and Developing Deep Technical Knowledge 81

The Management Perspective 82

Management Is Sympathetic to Competence Development But 85

An Overview of Different Competence Development Activities 87

Competence Circles and Other Disciplinary Activities 87

Cross-Team Testing in Pairs 90

Conferences and Courses 91

Professional and Web-Based Networks 93

Personal Networks and Individual Passion 95

Summary and Concluding Remarks 96

Chapter 6 Medtech 99

The Organizational Setup 99

The Cross-Functional Teams and Cross-Team Support 101

The Organizational Setup from the Point of View of Team Members 104

Cross-Functional Teams for Increased Expertise 105

The Cross-Functional Teams and Their Knowledge 106

Ways of Sustaining and Developing Expertise 109

The Management Perspective 109

A Broad Spectrum of Activities and Arenas 113

An Overview of Different Competence Development Activities 115

Disciplinary Activities 116

Cross-Team Testing and System Testing 116

Courses and Conferences 119

Professional and Web-Based Communities 123

Other Activities 125

Summary and Concluding Remarks 126

Chapter 7 Organizational Solutions for Sustaining Disciplinary Expertise 129

Structural Solutions 130

Organizing for Disciplinary Leadership 130

Organizing for Disciplinary Communities 134

Summing Up 136

Activity-Based Solutions 137

Collaborating Among Disciplinary Peers at Work 140

Competence Networks with Disciplinary Focus 140

Informal Activities Among Disciplinary Peers 142

Integrated Work Practices 143

Organized Learning Arenas 145

External Networking 147

Individual Activities 148

Seeing the Products in Action 149

Summing Up 151

Integrative Solutions 153

Summary and Concluding Remarks 156

Avenues for Future Research 159

References 161

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