Sustaining Employment and Wage Gains in Brazil: A Skills and Jobs Agenda

Sustaining Employment and Wage Gains in Brazil: A Skills and Jobs Agenda

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Overview

In the past 15 years, employment, labor market participation, and wages have grown significantly in Brazil. Improved labor market outcomes have been the main drivers of reductions in poverty and inequality. Sustaining Employment and Wage Gains in Brazil: A Skills and Jobs Agenda analyzes Brazil's labor markets and identifies the key challenges involved in sustaining job creation, wage growth, and poverty reduction. The work finds that continued progress in employment and labor earnings will depend on the country's ability to achieve a first critical goal: raise labor productivity. Continued improvements in the livelihoods of the poor will depend on achieving a second critical goal: connecting the poor to better, more productive jobs. In light of these goals, the report discusses reforms of program design and implementation in the following policy areas: (a) skills development (including through the flagship training program, PRONATEC); (b) unemployment insurance and other labor market regulations; (c) active labor market programs, including the National Employment System and entrepreneurship support; and (d) productive inclusion programs that, by promoting employability or income-earning opportunities for the poorest segments of the population in new ways, can help connect the poor to better, more productive jobs. The report reviews existing interventions in these four policy areas and proposes an agenda of incremental policy changes that could more effectively support the two critical goals. It also illustrates how other countries have dealt with similar challenges. As the report emphasizes, an essential first step will be to strengthen monitoring and evaluation systems to measure results by tracking programs' effects on labor market outcomes and using that information to inform program expansion. It also describes specific opportunities in each policy area to better coordinate programs with private sector demands and across policies, while also adapting them to improve the results for the urban and rural poor.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781464806445
Publisher: Bernan Distribution
Publication date: 09/08/2015
Series: Directions in Development
Pages: 204
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

About the Authors xv

Abbreviations xvii

Overview 1

Summary of Findings and Discussion of Possible Reforms 1

Skills Development Programs to Help Workers Become More Employable and Productive 5

Labor Regulations Reform to Support Firm Productivity While Also Protecting Workers 7

Labor Market Programs to Strengthen the Workforce and Raise Business Productivity 9

Productive Inclusion Policies to Better Connect the Poor with More Productive Jobs 11

Report Objectives 15

Report Structure 15

Annex OA: Background Papers List 16

Annex OB: Summary Skills and Jobs Agenda for Brazil, by Program Area 20

Notes 24

References 26

Chapter 1 Brazilian Labor Markets: Main Achievements and Remaining Challenges 29

Skills and Jobs Achievements in Brazil since 2000 29

Two Critical Goals to Sustain Earnings and Employability Increases: Raise Labor Productivity, and Connect the Poor to More Productive Jobs 38

Goal 1 Raise Labor Productivity to Sustain Future Wage Increases 40

Goal 2 Connect the Poor to Better, More Productive Jobs 46

Annex 1A Complementary Tables 54

Notes 58

References 61

Chapter 2 Skills Development Programs to Help Workers Become More Employable and Productive 65

Introduction 65

Existing Skills Development Policies 68

The Way Forward: A Policy Agenda 78

Notes 85

References 87

Chapter 3 Labor Regulation Reform to Support Firm Productivity While Also Protecting Workers 91

Introduction 91

Existing Labor Regulations and Institutions 93

Key Challenge: Avoiding Detrimental Effects on Labor Market Outcomes 96

The Way Forward: A Policy Agenda 101

Notes 105

References 107

Chapter 4 Labor Market Programs to Strengthen the Workforce and Policies to Raise Small-Business Productivity 111

Introduction 111

Existing Active Labor Market Programs 113

Existing Support for the Self-Employed and Entrepreneurship 116

Existing Economia Solidaria (Solidarity Economy) Approaches 116

The Way Forward: A Policy Agenda 117

Notes 129

References 130

Chapter 5 Productive Inclusion Policies to Better Connect the Poor with More Productive Jobs 133

Introduction 133

Existing Productive Inclusion Policies 137

The Way Forward: A Policy Agenda 138

Notes 151

References 152

Boxes

1.1 Why Focusing on Jobs for the Poor Matters 39

2.1 M&E Systems, Work-Related Websites, and Counseling in Australia, Chile, Turkey, and the United States 80

2.2 Vocational Training Results from Greater Partnering with Firms: Lessons from China, India, and Korea 83

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