Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues / Edition 12

Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues / Edition 12

by Carol Levine
Pub. Date:
McGraw-Hill Companies, The

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Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues / Edition 12

Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Bioethical Issues, Twelfth Edition is a debate-style reader designed to introduce students to controversies in bioethics. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading philosophers and social commentators, reflect opposing positions and have been selected for their liveliness and substance and because of their value in a debate framework. For each issue, the editor provides a concise introduction and postscript summary. The introduction sets the stage for the debate as it is argued in the "yes" and "no" readings. The postscript briefly reviews the opposing opinions and suggests additional readings on the controversial issue under discussion. By requiring students to analyze contradictory positions and reach considered judgments, Taking Sides actively develops students' critical thinking skills. It is this development of critical thinking skills that is the ultimate purpose of each of the volumes in the widely acclaimed Taking Sides program.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780073397184
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies, The
Publication date: 04/04/2007
Series: Taking Sides Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.84(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     v
Introduction     xvii
Medical Decision Making     1
Is Informed Consent Still Central to Medical Ethics?     2
Yes: Robert M. Arnold and Charles W. Lidz, from "Informed Consent: Clinical Aspects of Consent in Healthcare," in Stephen G. Post, ed., Encyclopedia of Bioethics, vol. 3, 3rd ed. (Macmillan, 2003)     4
No: Onora O'Neill, from Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics (Cambridge University Press, 2002)     14
Should Truth-Telling Depend on the Patient's Culture?     21
Yes: Leslie J. Blackhall, Gelya Frank, Sheila Murphy, and Vicki Michel, from "Bioethics in a Different Tongue: The Case of Truth-Telling," Journal of Urban Health (March 2001)     23
No: Mark Kuczewski and Patrick J. McCruden, from "Informed Consent: Does It Take a Village? The Problem of Culture and Truth Telling," Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare (2001)     33
Does Direct-to-Consumer Drug Advertising Enhance Patient Choice?     42
Yes: Alan F. Holmer, from "Direct-to-Consumer Prescription Drug Advertising Builds Bridges Between Patients and Physicians," Journal of the American Medical Association (January 27, 1999)     44
No: Matthew F. Hollon, from "Direct-to-Consumer Marketing of Prescription Drugs," Journal of the American Medical Association (January 27, 1999)     49
Death and Dying     59
Do Some Advance Directives Limit Patients' Rights?     60
Yes: Christopher James Ryan, from " Betting Your Life: An Argument Against Certain Advance Directives," Journal of Medical Ethics (vol. 22, 1996)     62
No: Steven Luttrell and Ann Sommerville, from " Limiting Risks by Curtailing Rights: A Response to Dr. Ryan," Journal of Medical Ethics (vol. 22, 1996)     69
Do Standard Medical Ethics Apply in Disaster Conditions?     79
Yes: Robert W. Donnell, from "A Bright Line," Medscape (October 3, 2006)     81
No: Mary Faith Marshall, from "Oh, the Water...It Stoned Me to My Soul," University of Minnesota Bioethics Examiner (Summer 2006)     83
Should Physicians Be Allowed to Assist in Patient Suicide?     88
Yes: Marcia Angell, from "The Supreme Court and Physician-Assisted Suicide: The Ultimate Right," The New England Journal of Medicine (January 2, 1997)     90
No: Kathleen M. Foley, from "Competent Care for the Dying Instead of Physician-Assisted Suicide," The New England Journal of Medicine (January 2, 1997)     98
Should Doctors Be Able to Refuse Demands for "Futile" Treatment?     108
Yes: Steven H. Miles, from ""Informed Demand for 'Non-Beneficial' Medical Treatment," The New England Journal of Medicine (August 15, 1991)     110
No: Felicia Ackerman, from "The Significance of a Wish," Hastings Center Report (July/August 1991)     115
Choices in Reproduction     123
Is Abortion Immoral?      124
Yes: Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, from "The Wrong of Abortion," in Andrew Cohen and Christopher Heath Wellman, eds., Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics (Blackwell, 2005)     126
No: Margaret Olivia Little, from "The Morality of Abortion," in Bonnie Steinbock, John D. Arras, and Alex John London, eds., Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine (McGraw-Hill, 2003)     134
Should a Pregnant Woman Be Punished for Exposing Her Fetus to Risk?     144
Yes: Jean Toal, from Majority Opinion, Cornelia Whitner, Respondent, v. State of South Carolina, Petitioner (July 15, 1997)     146
No: Lynn M. Paltrow, from "Punishment and Prejudice: Judging Drug-Using Pregnant Women," in Julia E. Hanigsberg and Sara Ruddick, eds., Mother Troubles: Rethinking Contemporary Maternal Dilemmas (Beacon Press, 1999)     152
Children and Bioethics     163
Should Adolescents Be Allowed to Make Their Own Life-and-Death Decisions?     164
Yes: Robert Weir and Charles Peters, from "Affirming the Decisions Adolescents Make About Life and Death," Hastings Center Report (November/December 1997)     166
No: Lainie Friedman Ross, from " Health care Decisionmaking by Children: Is It in Their Best Interest?" Hastings Center Report (November/December 1997)     173
Do Parents Harm Their Children When They Refuse Medical Treatment on Religions Grounds?     179
Yes: Massachusetts Citizens for Children, from "Death by Religious Exemption," http://www.masskids.org/dbre/dbre_html (January 1992)     181
No: Mark Sheldon, from "Ethical Issues in the Forced Transfusion of Jehovah's Witness Children," The Journal of Emergency Medicine (vol. 14, no. 2, 1996)     187
Genetics     197
Is the Ban on Federal Funding of Human Stem Cell Research Justifiable?     198
Yes: President's Council on Bioethics, from Monitoring Stem Cell Research: A Report of the President's Council on Bioethics (January 2004)     200
No: Jerome Groopman, from "Forward, Medicine! Science Morality, and Embryonic Stem Cells," New Republic (November 1, 2004)     204
Is Genetic Enhancement an Unacceptable Use of Technology?     211
Yes: Michael J. Sandel, from "The Case Against Perfection," The Atlantic Monthly (April 2004)     213
No: Howard Trachtman, from "A Man Is a Man Is a Man," The American Journal of Bioethics (May/June 2005)     219
Human and Animal Experimentation     225
Should Animal Experimentation Be Permitted?     226
Yes: Jerod M. Loeb et al, from "Excerpt from, Human vs. Animal Rights: In Defense of Animal Research," Journal of the American Medical Association (November 17, 1989)     228
No: Tom Regan, from "Ill-Gotten Gains in Donald Van DeVeer and Tom Regan, eds.," Health Care Ethics: An Introduction (Temple University Press, 1987)     236
Should Prisoners Be Allowed to Participate in Research?      244
Yes: Institute of Medicine Committee on Ethical Considerations for Revisions to DHHS Regulations for Protection of Prisoners Involved in Research, from Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners (June 2006)     246
No: Silja J.A. Talvi, from "End Medical Experimentation on Prisoners Now," inthesetimes.com (September 26, 2006)     252
Bioethics and Public Policy     257
Should Federally Funded Health Care Be Tied to Following Doctors' Orders?     258
Yes: State of West Virginia, from Medicaid Redesign Proposal (November 7, 2005)     260
No: Gene Bishop and Amy C. Brodkey, from "Personal Responsibility and Physician Responsibility: West Virginia's Medicaid Plan," New England Journal of Medicine (August 24, 2006)     266
Does Military Necessity Override Medical Ethics?     270
Yes: Michael L. Gross, from "Bioethics and Armed Conflict: Mapping the Moral Dimensions of Medicine and War," Hastings Center Report (November/December 2004)     272
No: M. Gregg Bloche and Jonathan H. Marks, from "When Doctors Go to War," New England Journal of Medicine (January 6, 2005)     279
Should Performance-Enhancing Drugs Be Banned from Sports?     285
Yes: Thomas H. Murray, from "Drugs, Sports, and Ethics," Project Syndicate (July 2004)     287
No: Julian Savalescu, Bennett Foddy, and Megan Clayton, from "Why We Should Allow Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports," British Journal of Sports Medicine (December 2004)     289
Should There Be a Free Market in Body Parts?     295
Yes: J. Radcliffe-Richards et al., from "The Case for Allowing Kidney Sales," The Lancet (June 27, 1998)     297
No: The Institute of Medicine Committee on Increasing Rates of Organ Donation, from Organ Donation: Opportunities for Action (2006)     302
Should Pharmacists Be Allowed to Deny Prescriptions on Grounds of Conscience?     311
Yes: Donald W. Herbe, from "The Right to Refuse: A Call for Adequate Protection of a Pharmacist's Right to Refuse Facilitation of Abortion and Emergency Contraception," Journal of Law and Health (2002/2003)     313
No: Julie Cantor and Ken Baum, from "The Limits of Conscientious Objection-May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?" New England Journal of Medicine (November 4, 2004)     320
Should Public Health Override Powers Over Individual Liberty in Combatting Bioterrorism?     330
Yes: Lawrence O. Gostin, from "Law and Ethics in a Public Health Emergency," Hastings Center Report (March/April 2002)     332
No: George J. Annas, from "Bioterrorism, Public Health, and Human Rights," Health Affairs (November-December 2002)     338
Contributors     344
Index     350

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