Tanakh, an Owner's Manual: Authorship, Canonization, Masoretic Text, Exegesis, Modern Scholarship and Pedagogy

Tanakh, an Owner's Manual: Authorship, Canonization, Masoretic Text, Exegesis, Modern Scholarship and Pedagogy




Tanakh, an Owner’s Manual offers both a modern and Orthodox approach to the historical and literary frameworks within which the Hebrew Bible should be learned and appreciated. It covers the authorship of its 24 constituent books, their designation as sacred literature (canonization), the development of the Masoretic text, a survey of classic medieval and modern commentaries, the interaction of traditional exegesis and modern biblical scholarship, and a gradual curriculum for developing biblical literacy and comprehension. It reflects the author’s insights as they developed over 40 years of studying and teaching, and will be of interest to teachers, students, and anyone who wants a deeper understanding of the Hebrew Bible.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789655241761
Publisher: Urim Publications
Publication date: 02/01/2015
Edition description: None
Pages: 219
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Moshe Sokolow is the Fanya Gottesfeld-Heller Professor and associate dean of the Azrieli Graduate School of Jewish Education at Yeshiva University. He has also served as professor of bible at Yeshiva College, Stern College, and the Bernard Revel Graduate School of Jewish Studies. He is the author of Studies in the Weekly Parashah based on the Lessons of Nehama Leibowitz, and coeditor of The Azrieli Papers, a series of books on contemporary Jewish educational research. Hayyim Angel is a former Rabbi of Congregation Shearith Israel for 17 years. He teaches Tanakh at Yeshiva University and has published scholarly articles in several collections of essays and in journals such as the Jewish Bible Quarterly, Jewish Thought, Nahalah, and Tradition. He is the author or editor of 11 books. They both live in New York City.

Table of Contents

A Personal Reflection 11

Technicalities 12

Acknowledgments 12

Authorship and Editing 15

A Moses 16

B Joshua 23

C Samuel 24

D David 26

E Jeremiah 27

F Hezekiah and His Entourage 29

G The Men of the Great Assembly 31

H Ezra 32

Appendix I Editorial Discretion in Tanakh: The Evidence of Sennacherib's Invasion 34

Appendix II Job and Ezekiel: Not a Coincidence 41

Canonization: The Collections of Kitvei Kodesh 44

Prologue 44

A Beginning with the Baraita 45

B The Vocabulary of the Canon 46

C Historical Sources for Canonization 46

D Rabbinic Sources for Canonization 49

Epilogue: Ecclesiastes and the Canon 52

Appendix: Canonization: An Ideological Afterthought 54

Masoretic Text 56

Prologue 56

A Writing Materials and the Form of the Book 57

B Alphabet and Orthography 59

C Divisions of the Text 65

D Vocalization and Punctuation 68

Ben Asher, Ben Naftali, and the Aleppo Codex 71

The Functions of Ta' amei ha-Mikra 73

Masoretic Anomalies 75

Masoretic Editions 81

1 "Okhlah"-"ve-Okhlah" 81

2 Mikra'ot Gedolot 81

3 Masoret ha-Masoret 82

4 'Or Torah 83

5 Minhat Shai 83

The Masoretic Apparatus 83

A Te'amim Primer 85

Exegesis: How Parshanut Works 86

Prologue 86

A Attitude towards Authority 87

B Attitude towards Aggadah 88

C Use of Semitic Languages 90

D Ancient Near Eastern Literature 91

E Mutuality or Exclusivity? 93

F Archaeology: Bane or Boon? 93

G Literary Sensitivity 95

H Reliability of the Masoretic Text 96

Selected Exegetes 98

A Se'adyahGaon (882-942) 98

B Rashi (1040-1105) 105

C Rashbam (1080-1160) 109

D Avraham Ben Me'irlbn Ezra (1092-1167) 115

E Radak (David Kimhi; 1160-1235) 118

F Nahmanides (Mesne ben Nahman; 1194-1270) 121

G YoseflbnKaspi (1280-1340?) 124

H Maibim (Meir Leib ben Yehi'el Mikhel; Prussia, 1809-1879): 129

Translations 134

1 The Aramaic Targumim 134

2 The Septuagint 139

3 The Vulgate 142

4 The Tafsir of Se'adyah 142

5 The King James Version and Modern English Translations 144

The Tanakh and Modern Scholarship 146

Biblical Criticism 146

The Tanakh and the Ancient Near East 157

The Tanakh and Pedagogy 168

Teaching Tanakh 168

Ideas, Values, and Dispositions 169

Skills and Competences 170

1 Fluency Reading 170

2 Deciphering 171

3 Scanning 173

4 Interpretation 174

5 Independent Analysis 176

Specific Instructional Issues: 177

Appendix: Resolving Ambiguities: Empowering Students through Autonomous Interpretation 182

Synopsis 182

Parshanut as Pedagogy 182

Not Karaites 184

A Developmental Perspective: Piaget and Perry 184

Linguistic Ambiguities 186

Text vs. Context 187

Conclusion 190

References 191

Afterword Hayyim Angel 192

The Literary-Theological Study of Tanakh 192

Da'at Mikra 193

Professor Nehama Leibowitz 194

Rabbi Mordechai Breuer 195

Rabbi Yoel Bin-Nun 197

Rabbi Elhanan Samet 199

Rabbi Shalom Carmy 202

Other Figures 205

Conclusion 206

Index 209

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