ISBN-10:
0132406829
ISBN-13:
9780132406826
Pub. Date:
02/14/2008
Publisher:
Pearson
Teaching in the Elementary School: A Reflective Action Approach / Edition 5

Teaching in the Elementary School: A Reflective Action Approach / Edition 5

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780132406826
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 02/14/2008
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 8.27(w) x 10.86(h) x 0.63(d)

Read an Excerpt

Beginning with the first edition of this book, we have aspired to make it much more than an academic textbook. Our goal has always been to inspire and encourage teachers to become as reflective, creative, and independent as possible throughout their teaching careers. We have tried to achieve this goal by searching out the most creative and adventurous teachers we could find and weaving their real-life stories into the text.

At this time in history, we recognize that creativity and independence do not appear to be as highly valued as being able to follow guidelines and meet standards. We struggled with how to balance the reality of today's rather uniform educational expectations with our message that true satisfaction in teaching comes from being a caring and creative artist in the classroom.

At first, this edition seemed like it was going to be difficult to write. But, as we began to collect the stories of teachers who are not only coping in a standards-based environment but also excelling at it, we became much more positive. So, we are happy to be able to offer this edition with what we believe is a balanced description of the realities of a standards-based curriculum with the truly exhilarating stories of teachers who see these standards not as a goal but as a baseline.

Our new aspiration is to inspire teachers to view federal, state, and local standards as meaningful and important, but not the end goal of teaching. We provide the stories of real teachers who begin with standards and then exceed them by creating highly original and creative curricula that take into account and meet the diverse needs of their students. This edition provides you with the knowledge baseyou need to become highly professional and creative teachers who meet and exceed standards with confidence. New Features of This Edition

To accomplish our new aspiration, we have revised this edition to emphasize these new features:

  • A new, updated Reflective Action in Teaching Model is introduced in Chapter 1 that takes into account the need to plan with standards in mind. Teachers can learn how to become more reflective and proactive in the thousands of decisions they face every day.
  • New chapter endings called Reflective Action Experiences for Your Professional Portfolio provide simulated experiences and reflective essays that are drawn from the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) requirements. After completing these simulated activities, we believe that many teachers will have the confidence and experience they need to attain this important credential.
  • For those who are searching for materials to meet the Praxis II "Principles of Learning and Teaching" exam, you will find that we have highlighted the materials that illustrate Praxis-related topics. Look for the Praxis Notes in all chapters.
  • Many new Reflective Action Stories model how teachers create school curricula and programs, select teaching strategies, and plan appropriate assessments for their students that achieve the standards of their school districts. These real-life examples of teachers' reflections can serve as models for beginning teachers to think and act with creativity and originality. They can be found in Chapters 2, 9, 10, and 11.

Table of Contents

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 1 Reflective Action in Teaching

Susan reflects on her teaching relative to her students

Using a Reflective Action Approach

A Reflective Action Model

Definitions of Reflective Thinking and Action

Reflective Action Builds on Withitness

Withitness

Reflective Action as it Relates to Withitness

Standards That Apply to Reflective Action in Teaching

Reflecting on Your Ethics and Principles

A Graphic Model of Reflective Action in Teaching

Communication with Parents

Guided Group Exploration

Reflective Action Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 2 Creating a Safe, Healthy, and Happy Classroom

The First Week of School

Diana's Reflective Process

Practical Classroom Management Strategies

2.1 Case Study: Establishing Two-Way Communication with Parents

Issues in Classroom Management

Case Study: Teaching Students How to Resolve Conflicts

Scheduling Time for Active Learning

Communicating with Parents

Guided Exploration

Reflective Action Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 3 Lesson Planning and Sequencing

Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

Clarifying Educational Goals and Outcomes

Writing Useful and Appropriate Outcome Statements

Writing Objectives to Fit Goals and Outcome Statements

Educational Objectives

Planning for Higher Level Thinking

Planning Lessons for Active Learning

Planning Assessments That Fit Your Lesson's Objectives

Predicting Possible Outcomes of Your Lesson Plans

Varying Objectives for Students with Special Needs

Writing a Well-Organized Lesson Plan

A Lesson Plan Model

Sequencing Objects in School Subjects

Sample Lesson Plans

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 4 Planning Curriculum Units

Diane Leonard's First Three Months at School

How School Curricula Are Planned

Evaluation and Use of Textbooks

Planning Thematic Units to Fit Your Curriculum

Sequencing Learning Experiences

Designing the Curriculum to Reflect Multicultural Values

Planning Curriculum for a Multicultural, Bilingual Classroom

Timelines That Fit Your Goals and Outcome Statement

Collaborative Long-Term Planning

Examples of Long-Term Curriculum Planning

Examples of Thematic Units

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 5 Assessing Students' Diverse Needs

Language Acquisition and the Classroom Teacher

Language Scaffolding

The Stages in Language Acquisition

Optimal Levels of Instruction

Five Factors in Meeting the Needs of Diverse Students

The Forgotten Minority

Interactive Goal Setting

Building Self Esteem and Intrinsic Motivation

The Enhancing Effects of Stress

Classrooms as Communities

Reforming Schools to Provide Multicultural Equity

Using Assessment Devices to Identify Student Needs

Interpreting Data From Students' Cumulative Files

Avoid Labeling Students

Authentic Assessments for a Diverse Student Body

Using Pre-tests to Diagnose Student Needs

Placement and Grouping Decisions

Performance Sampling

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 6 Establishing a Basis for Active, Authentic Learning

Retrieval Process

Presentation Skills That Increase Clarity and Motivation

Systematic Classroom Instruction

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 7 Teaching Strategies That Increase Authentic Learning

Examples of Teaching Strategies in Action

Reflective Action Case Study

Cooperative Learning Strategies

Learning Teams Enhance Achievement

Cooperative Learning in Science

Literature Circles

Peacemaking Groups

Creating Well-Balanced Cooperative Groups

The Effects of Cooperative Learning

Communicating with Parents

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 8 Engaging Students in Classroom Discussions

Asking Questions That Stimulate Higher Level Thinking

Strategies for Interactive Discussions

Role of the Teacher in Leading Discussions

Communicating with Parents

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 9 Balancing Standards and Creative Activities

Encouraging Creativity - Provide Materials

Setting a Creative Tone

Creative Atmosphere

How to Encourage Creativity in Children

The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Stereotypes Stifle Creativity

Ways to Demonstrate Valuing Creativity

Core Attitudes in Creative Thought

Creativity in Language Arts

Email Stories

Creative Activities in Mathematics

Creative Activities in Social Sciences

Creative Activities in Science

Creative Activities in the Visual and Performing Arts

Humor and Creativity

Creative Training

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 10 Assessing and Reporting Student Accomplishments

How Teachers Select and Use Assessment Procedures

Designing Authentic Assessment Tasks

Reflective Action Case Study: Teacher's Reflection on Portfolio Assessment

Reporting Student Accomplishments

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 11 Integrating Technology into the Curriculum

Preparing Students to Thrive in a High-Tech World

Using Technology to Track How Teachers Meet State Standards

Reasons to Incorporate Technology into Your Curriculum

Managing Your Classroom with (and for) Technology

Enhancing Your Instructional Strategies with Technology

Word Processing Programs

Educational Software

Extending Classroom Experiences Beyond the Classroom Walls

Computer-Assisted Research Projects

Computer Literacy Program at Beardsley School

Reflective Action Case Study: Planning a Technology-Based Endangered Species Unit

The Advantages of Teacher to Teacher Networking

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

Chapter 12 Relfecting on Teaching and the School Community

No Child Left Behind

Two-Way Communication with Parents

Community Involvement in Classroom Activities

Teachers Mentoring and Coaching One Another

Communicating with Parents

Playing Catch Up

Guided Exploration

Portfolio of Professional Practices Activity

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