The rapid growth in processed food industry has led to new challenges and issues. Food is necessary for the survival of humankind and this book aims towards giving an overview of the food industry that runs the supply of food and thereby ensures health and comfort. The global food industry serves a population of seven billion people and has the biggest market. This book highlights the issues of world hunger and discusses how food shortages endanger water and energy supply. It covers two broad sections such as "Scientific and technological aspects" and "Social and economic issues". It further elaborates about how food production can be affected by climate change, droughts, global warming, floods, greenhouse emissions and storms. Food producers, industry experts, corrosion practitioners, academicians and designers of food processing equipment have made valuable contributions to this book based on their extensive knowledge and experience. They present different perspectives and approaches in the diverse aspects of food science and technology.