ISBN-10:
1446207412
ISBN-13:
9781446207413
Pub. Date:
12/06/2011
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Television Journalism / Edition 1

Television Journalism / Edition 1

by Stephen Cushion

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781446207413
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 12/06/2011
Series: Journalism Studies: Key Texts Series
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Stephen Cushion is a lecturer at the Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, Cardiff University, UK. He is the Deputy Director of the MA in Journalism, Media and Communications and Political Communications programmes.

Stephen’s research addresses many overlapping areas in journalism, political communication and media studies. He is currently writing a book provisionally titled The Democratic Value of News: Why public service journalism matters around the world (2012, Palgrave Mac Milan) and has co-edited The Rise of 24-Hour News Television: Global Perspectives (with Justin Lewis 2010, Peter Lang), published widely in leading international, peer reviewed journals – Javnost: The Public, Journalism Studies, Journalism Practice, Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism, Journal of Youth Studies, Representation: The Journal of Representative Democracy, Journal of Public Affairs, Cyfrwng: Media Wales Journal, Media & Jornalismo and Nordic Journal of Youth Research: Young – and produced book chapters in Journalism After September 11 (2002 and 2011, Routledge), Political Communications: The General Election Campaign of 2005 (2007, Palgrave Mac Milan) and Local Journalism and Local Media: Making the Local News (2006, Routledge).

Stephen has carried out quantitative and qualitative research for organisations such as the BBC, Electoral Commission, Nuffield Foundation, BBC Trust and The department for Communities and Local Government leading to the production of a number of industry related publications that have contributed to debates about journalism practice and policy making.


Table of Contents

List of tables viii

Acknowledgements xi

Introduction 1

Introducing television journalism: sustaining its influence into the twenty-first century 1

'Death of TV news … much exaggerated': a story of declining television audiences but signs of a revival? 5

The scope of the book 9

1 The role of news in television culture: current debates and practices in contemporary journalism 13

Television and the public sphere: journalism in a multi-channel environment 13

Scheduling wars: locating television news in an increasingly entertainment-based medium 16

(Re)shaping television journalism: public and commercial models of broadcasting 20

Changing times, changing values: television news's shifting values and conventions 23

Towards a post-broadcasting culture? Television news and media convergence 25

Part I: History and Context 31

2 From Radio to Television: making sense of broadcasting history 33

Section I: The birth of broadcasting: creating national broadcast ecologies 34

Making sense of television: reshaping news journalism 38

Deregulating broadcast structures: towards a commercial news environment 45

Part II: Trends in Television Journalism 59

3 Redefining what's newsworthy: towards 24-hour news values and conventions? 61

News values: what makes television journalism distinctive? 61

The arrival and impact of 24-hour news channels: three phases of global television journalism 65

Live, rolling news drama: empirical endeavours into 24-hour news conventions 69

Interrupting the news for what purpose? Exposing the myth of breaking news 74

The systemic impact of rolling news journalism: towards 24-hour news values and audience expectations? 79

4 The rise of partisan news consumption: towards a polarisation of television journalism and audiences? 85

Network news in retreat: a new era of political journalism? 85

News audiences go political: which television channels are people watching and why? 87

Letting the Fox off the leash: the relaxation of the Fairness Doctrine and the 'Foxification' of television news 91

Redefining political news journalism: blurring the lines between news and comedy 97

Making sense of comedy news: scholarly readings into 'popular' political programming 103

Keeping the Fox on a leash: towards the polarisation of news audiences beyond the US? 107

5 Reporting the politics of devolved nations: towards more localised television news? 115

Localised news, national media: sustaining journalism locally 115

Four nations, one Union: devolving politics without devolving national media ecologies 120

Reflecting the four nations? The King Report and television coverage of devolved politics 126

Market deficit, public service requirement: the BBC Trust and the impact of interventionist regulation 131

Challenging 'light-touch' orthodoxy: towards more evidence-driven interventionist re-regulation 136

Part III: Journalists and Scholars 143

6 Entering the profession: who are television journalists? 145

Who are television journalists: a professional or occupational pursuit? 145

A face for television? Gender and ethnic minority status amongst journalists 151

Educating or training? Towards an increasingly middle-class graduate-led occupation 156

Distinguishing between news sources: which journalists and journalism do audiences trust? 161

7 Putting television news centre stage: the past, present and future shape of journalism scholarship 169

Introduction: studying 'journalism' 169

Television journalism scholarship: the formative years 173

(Re)prioritising 'old' above 'new' media: why online journalism is punching above its democratic weight 180

New directions in television news studies: the future of journalism studies 187

Bibliography 196

Index 220

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