ISBN-10:
0534525695
ISBN-13:
9780534525699
Pub. Date:
08/28/1997
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Ten Questions: A Sociological Perspective / Edition 3

Ten Questions: A Sociological Perspective / Edition 3

by Joel M. Charon

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534525699
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 08/28/1997
Series: Sociology Ser.
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 268
Product dimensions: 5.91(w) x 8.66(h) x (d)

About the Author


Joel Charon (Ph.D., University of Minnesota) is a successful author and emeritus professor of Sociology at Minnesota State University at Moorhead. He has published numerous textbooks and readers, and is a member of the ASA and the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction.

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Introduction1
1How Do Sociologists Study Society?: Researching the Social World7
The Beginnings of Rational Proof7
Proof, Science, and Sociology9
Two Assumptions of Science19
Sociology: Understanding the Puzzle of Society22
Summary and Conclusion23
How Do Sociologists Study Society?25
References25
2What Does It Mean to Be Human?: Human Nature, Society, and Culture29
Human Beings Are Social Beings31
Human Beings Are Cultural Beings40
The Importance of It All42
Summary and Conclusion43
What Does It Mean to Be Human?44
References44
3How Is Society Possible?: The Basis for Social Order47
Societies and Nations: Social Organization vs. Political Organization48
Society Is Possible Through Social Interaction51
Society Depends on Social Patterns55
Society Is Made Possible Through Feelings of Loyalty63
Conflict and Change Help Preserve Society66
Summary and Conclusion67
How Is Society Possible?68
References69
4Why Are People Unequal in Society?: The Origin and Perpetuation of Social Inequality73
Introduction73
Why Does Inequality Emerge in the First Place?75
Why Does Inequality Continue?87
Summary and Conclusion96
Why Are People Unequal in Society?97
References97
5Why Do We Believe What We Do?: The Creation of Social Reality103
The Utility of Knowledge104
The Social Construction of Reality105
Social Structure and Reality111
The Changing Nature of the Individual's Reality116
The Importance of Our Past118
Do Individuals Form Their Own Ideas?119
Summary and Conclusion120
Why Do We Believe What We Do?121
References121
6Are Human Beings Free?: The Possibility for Freedom in Society125
The Meaning of Freedom and Responsibility126
Freedom as a Value in American Culture127
The Sociological View: The Power of Society128
Freedom: Thought and Action132
Society and the Control of Thought133
Summary: Freedom and Thinking136
Society and the Control of Action137
Social Forces and the Individual: A Summary145
Is There Any Freedom?145
Summary and Conclusion149
Are Human Beings Free?149
References149
7Why Can't Everyone Be Just Like Us?: The Dilemma of Ethnocentrism153
The Meaning of Values154
Values and Making Value Judgments155
Meaning of Ethnocentrism158
The Reasons for Ethnocentrism159
Human Differences166
Summary and Conclusion170
Why Can't Everyone Be Just Like Us?172
References172
8Why Is There Misery in the World?: Society as an Important Source of Human Problems175
The First Cause of Misery: Social Inequality180
The Second Cause of Misery: Destructive Social Conflict189
The Third Cause of Misery: Socialization193
The Fourth Cause of Misery: Alienation196
Summary and Conclusion200
Why Is There Misery in the World?202
References203
9Does the Individual Really Make a Difference?: An Introduction to Social Change209
The Individual's Influence on His or Her Own Life210
The Individual's Influence on Other Individuals211
The Individual Versus Social Organization215
Social Change: A Sociological View221
Some Implications for Living229
Summary and Conclusion230
Does the Individual Really Make a Difference?231
References231
10Is Sociology Important?: The Necessity for a Critical Understanding of Society235
Sociology and a Liberal Arts Education235
Sociology and Democracy236
Summary and Conclusion243
Is Sociology Important?244
References245
Afterword: Should We Generalize About People?247
Categories and Generalizations248
The Stereotype253
Social Science: A Reaction to Stereotypes256
Summary and Conclusion262
Should We Generalize About People?264
References265
Glossary267
Index283

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