Are you spiritually healthy or just spiritually busy?This book’s 10 probing questions will help you look beyond your spiritual activity to assess the true state of your spiritual health and help you on your journey of spiritual transformation. See how the spiritual disciplinesincluding prayer, worship, and meditationcan take your spiritual health from fair to excellent.
About the Author
DONALD S. WHITNEY is the associate professor of spiritual formation at Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Kansas City, Missouri. He is the best-selling author of Spiritual Disciplines for the Christian Life, How Can I Be Sure I’m a Christian?, and Simplify Your Spiritual Life (all NavPress). Don holds a doctor of ministry degree from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois and is completing a doctor of theology degree with specialization in Christian spirituality from the University of South Africa. He is founder and president of the Center for Biblical Spirituality. Don lives in Kansas City, with his wife and daughter. Don's website is www.BiblicalSpirituality.org.
Don Whitney has been Associate Professor of Spiritual Formation (the first such position in the six Southern Baptist seminaries) at Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Kansas City, Missouri since 1995.
Don grew up in Osceola, Arkansas, where he came to believe in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. He was active in sports throughout high school and college, and worked in the radio station his dad managed. After graduating from Arkansas State University, Don planned to finish law school and pursue a career in sportscasting. While at the University of Arkansas School of Law, he sensed God's call to preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ. He then enrolled at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas, graduating with a Master of Divinity degree in 1979. In 1987 he completed a Doctor of Ministry degree at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois. Don is currently completing a Doctor of Theology degree in Christian Spirituality at the University of South Africa.
Before coming to Midwestern, Don was pastor of Glenfield Baptist Church in Glen Ellyn, Illinois (a Chicago suburb) for almost fifteen years.
He is the author of Spiritual Disciplines for the Christian Life (NavPress, 1991), which has a companion discussion guide. He has also written How Can I Be Sure I'm A Christian (NavPress, 1994), Spiritual Disciplines Within the Church (Moody Press, 1996), Ten Questions to Diagnose Your Spiritual Health (NavPress, 2001), and Simplify Your Spiritual Life (NavPress, 2003).
Don's wife, Caffy, ministers from their home in Kansas City as a women's Bible study teacher, an artist, and a freelance illustrator. The Whitneys are parents of a daughter, Laurelen Christiana.
Don's website address is www.SpiritualDisciplines.org.
Read an Excerpt
DO YOU THIRST
"Lord, I want to know You more," sang the soloist, just before the sermon. One of my seminary professors from years back, who was a guest preacher at our church that Sunday morning, sat next to me on the front pew, transfixed. As the soloist continued, I could hear my older friend sigh occasionally. When the song was over, T. W. sat motionless for so long that I thought he had forgotten he was now supposed to preach. As I turned to remind him, I saw his shoulders lift and fall with the slow draw and release of his breath. Finally, he opened his eyes and stepped thoughtfully to the pulpit. He looked down for what seemed to be a full minute before he could speak. And then he said, "Lord, I do want to know you more." Departing from his prepared words for a while, he spoke of his thirst for God, his longings to know Christ more intimately, to obey Him more completely. Here was a man who had followed Christ for more than fifty years and was still captivated by the sweetness of the quest. In his second half-century as a disciple of Jesus, the grace of growth still flourished in him.
It has been ten years since that Sunday morning. I've seen T. W. at least annually since then, and the things of God have not diminished their magnetic pull on his heart's aspirations. Two months ago I found myself sharing a shuttle bus ride with him from a denominational convention back to our hotel. Though nearly seventy now, and weakened by cardiac surgery, his eyes flashed as he talked for half an hour about what he was learning aboutprayer. Even as his body decays, his longings for God display the growing strength of his soul.
The apostle Paul must have similarly impressed others in his day. Despite his maturity in Christ and all he had seen and experienced, late in life Paul wrote of the passion that propelled him: "that I may know Him" (Philippians 3:10). What is he talking about? Didn't he already know Jesus more closely than perhaps anyone else ever would? Of course he did. But the more he knew Jesus, the more he wanted to know Him. The more Paul progressed in spiritual strength, the more thirsty for God he became.
With a similar thirst, the writer of Psalm 42:1-2 prayed, "As the deer pants for the water brooks, so pants my soul for You, O God. My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. When shall I come and appear before God?" Does this describe your thirst for God? If so, be encouraged; whatever else is transpiring in your Christian life, your soul-thirst is a sign of soul-growth.
THREE KINDS OF SPIRITUAL THIRST
Though it is not felt in every moment, in some sense there is a thirst in every soul. God did not make us to be content in our natural condition. In one way or another, to one degree or another, everyone wants more than he has now. The difference between people is the kind of thirsty longing in their soul.
Thirst of the Empty Soul
The natural, that is, the unconverted man or woman, has an empty soul. Devoid of God, he is constantly in pursuit of that which will fill his emptiness. The range of his mad scramble may include money, sex, power, houses, lands, sports, hobbies, entertainment, transcendence, significance, or education, while basically "fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind" (Ephesians 2:3). As Augustine attested, "Thou hast made us for Thyself, and our hearts are restless until they find their rest in Thee." Always searching and never resting, the empty soul turns from one pursuit to another, unable to find anything that will fill the God-shaped vacuum in his heart.
Thirsting and searching, the empty soul is blinded to his real need. Nothing or no one on earth fully and lastingly satisfies, but the empty soul doesn't know where to turn except to someone or something else "under the sun" (Ecclesiastes 1:9), as opposed to the One beyond the sun. Like Solomon, he discovers that no matter who or what he at first finds exciting, ultimately "all is vanity and grasping for the wind" (Ecclesiastes 1:14).
A Christian observes the man with the empty soul and knows that what he is looking for can be found only in the One who said, "whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst" (John 4:14). Occasionally, an empty soul searches in more serious-minded or spiritual ways that lead some Christians to think he is thirsting for God. But the world has no such thirst. "There is none who understands," God inspired both King David and the apostle Paul to write, "there is none who seeks after God" (Psalm 14:2; Romans 3:11). Until and unless the Holy Spirit of God touches the spiritual tongue of the empty soul, that soul will never want to "taste and see that the Lord is good" (Psalm 34:8). Just because a man longs for something that can be found in God alone doesn't mean he's looking for God. A man may pine for peace yet have no interest in the Prince of Peace. Many who claim they are questing for God are not thirsting for God as He has revealed Himself in Scripture, but only for God as they want Him to be, or for a god who will give them what they want.
The irony of the empty soul is that while he is perpetually dissatisfied in so many areas of his life, he is so easily satisfied in regard to the pursuit of God. His attitude toward spiritual matters is like that of the man who said to his complacent soul in Luke 12:19, "Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years; take your ease; eat, drink, and be merry." Whatever the empty soul may desire in life, he never has what the eighteenth-century pastor and theologian, Jonathan Edwards, called "holy desire, exercised in longings, hungerings and thirstings after God and holiness," as the Christian does.
The eternal tragedy is that if the empty soul never properly thirsts on earth, he will thirst in hell as did the rich man who pleaded in vain for even the tip of a moist finger to be touched to his tongue (Luke 16:24).
Thirst of the Dry Soul
The difference between the empty soul and the dry soul is that one has never experienced "rivers of living water" (John 7:38), while the other has and knows what he's missing. That is not to say that the dry soul can lose the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit; indeed, Jesus said, "the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life" (John 4:14, emphasis added).
How is it then that a true believer in Christ can become a dry soul when Jesus promised that "whoever drinks of the water I shall give him will never thirst" (John 4:14)?
Pastor and author John Piper was reading this verse one Monday morning and cried out, "What do You mean? I am so thirsty! My church is thirsty! The pastors whom I pray with are thirsty! O Jesus, what did You mean?"
As he meditated on the text, the illumination that seemed to come from the Lord upon His Word was perceived by Piper this way:
When you drink my water, your thirst is not destroyed forever. If it did that, would you feel any need of my water afterward? That is not my goal. I do not want self-sufficient saints. When you drink my water, it makes a spring in you. A spring satisfies thirst, not by removing the need you have for water, but by being there to give you water whenever you get thirsty. Again and again and again. Like this morning. So drink, John. Drink.
A Christian soul becomes arid in one of three ways. The most common is by drinking too much from the desiccating fountains of the world and too little from "the river of God" (Psalm 65:9). If you drink the wrong thing it can make you even more thirst. In particularly hot weather, my high school football coach would give us salt tablets to help us minimize the loss of fluids. During one game he experimented with stirring salt into our drinking water, hoping the diluted form would expedite the benefits of the salt. Bad idea. At halftime I drank until my stomach swelled and I was too heavy to run well, yet I was still thirsty.
Similarly, perhaps it was because the psalmist had drunk too much of the world's briny spiritual water that he wrote twice in one chapter about longing for God with all his heart while closely asserting his resolve not to wander from the Lord's Word (see Psalm 119:10,145). Too much attention to a particular sin or sins, and/or too little attention to communion with God (two things that often occur in tandem) inevitably shrivel the soul of a Christian.
Another cause of spiritual dryness in the child of God is what the Puritans used to call "God's desertions." While there are times when God floods our souls with a sense of His presence, at other times we dehydrate by a sense of His absence. Let me quickly say that His desertion of us is merely our perception, for the reality is just as Jesus promised: "I will never leave you nor forsake you" (Hebrews 13:5). When feeling deserted by God, however, the Christian believes himself to be in the valley of the shadow of death (Psalm 23:4), or somewhat like Jesus when He cried from the cross, "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?" (Matthew 27:46). The words of David in Psalm 143:6-7 describe the emotions of those who try to pray from such a spiritual desert: "I spread out my hands to You; my soul longs for You like a thirsty land. Answer me speedily, O Lord; my spirit fails! Do not hide Your face from me."
For reasons not always made clear to us, the Lord does sometimes withdraw a conscious sense of His nearness. Because this is not the place for a lengthy treatment of the subject, the best concise counsel I can offer is that of William Gurnall: "The Christian must trust in a withdrawing God." When the sun goes behind a cloud, it is no less near than when its rays are felt. However, for the specific purposes of this book and chapter, remember that it is a good thing that you are able to discern the seclusion of God's presence. Such spiritual sensitivity characterizes spiritual health.
A third cause of spiritual aridity in a Christian is prolonged mental or physical fatigue. Both the cause and the cure are usually obvious enough, so I won't elaborate on them. What I do want to emphasize is that a believer may not sense spiritual growth when fatigued or burned out, but instead may brood under shadowy thoughts about the reality of his relationship with Christ. And yet, much may have been learned in the very battle that caused the fatigue, things which, when the sunlight returns to the soul, will be seen as significant spiritual turning points. Again, don't forget that the longing for fresh water is itself a sign of progress.
Regardless of the cause, the dry Christian soul is like the believer of Psalm 42:1-2, thirsting for God "as the deer pants for the water brooks." When you are in this condition, nothing else but the living water of God Himself will do. My daughter was three when she separated herself from me while we were in a child-oriented restaurant. She wanted to play with some of the game machines instead of eating. Though she had run to the far side of the restaurant, I could see her and was on my way to bring her back to the table. Suddenly she realized she didn't know where she was or where I was. Panic-stricken, she began crying and calling for me. At that moment, the store manager could have offered her unlimited play on every machine and given her every toy prize in the place, but nothing would have appealed to her without my presence. Everything else was meaningless to her without me. Once we were reunited, for a few moments she was content just for me to hold her, just to have me back. That's the cry of the dry soul. Other things may have distracted you, but now the only thing that matters is a return of the sense of your Father's presence.
Thirst of the Satisfied Soul
Unlike the dry soul, and as self-contradictory as it may sound at the moment, the satisfied soul thirsts for God precisely because he is satisfied with God. He has "taste[d] and see[n] that the Lord is good" (Psalm 34:8), and the taste is so uniquely satisfying that he craves more.
The apostle Paul personified this in his famous exclamation, "that I may know Him" (Philippians 3:10). In the preceding lines he had been exulting in his present knowledge of and relationship with Jesus. He announced, "But what things were gain to me, these I have counted loss for Christ. Yet indeed I also count all things loss for the excellence of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as rubbish, that I may gain Christ" (verses 7-8). Then, just one verse later, the apostle cried out, "that I may know Him." Paul was soul-satisfied with Jesus Christ, yet thirsty for Him still.
Thomas Shepard, founder of Harvard University and an influential New England minister, explained the cycle of satisfaction and thirst this way: "There is in true grace an infinite circle: a man by thirsting receives, and receiving thirsts for more."
Knowing Christ well is so spiritually thirst quenching because no person, possession, or experience can produce the spiritual pleasure we can find in Him. Communion with Christ is incomparably satisfying because there is no disappointment in what you find in Him. Moreover, the spiritual gratification you find in Him initially is never ending. On top of these, the Lord in whom this satisfaction is found is an infinite universe of satisfaction in which one may immerse himself to explore and enjoy without limitation. So there is no lack of satisfaction in knowing Christ, but neither has God designed us so that one experience with Christ satiates all future desire for Him.
Here's how Jonathan Edwards described the relationship between the spiritual good enjoyed in fellowship with Christ and the thirst for more that it produces:
Spiritual good is of a satisfying nature; and for that very reason, the soul that tastes, and knows its nature, will thirst after it, and a fullness of it, that it may be satisfied. And the more he experiences, and the more he knows this excellent, unparalleled, exquisite, and satisfying sweetness, the more earnestly he will hunger and thirst for more.
Has your worship or devotional experience lately provided you with ravishing tastes of what A. W. Tozer called the "piercing sweetness" of Christ, only to leave you with a divine discontent that desires more? Would the following prayer of Tozer's reflect your own aspirations?
O God, I have tasted Thy goodness, and it has both satisfied me and made me thirsty for more. I am painfully conscious of my need for further grace. I am ashamed of my lack of desire. O God, the Triune God, I want to want Thee; I long to be filled with longing; I thirst to be made thirsty still.
Such desires, Christian brother or sister, are marks of a growing soul.
THE BLESSING OF SPIRITUAL THIRST
"How blessed are all those who long for Him," declared the prophet Isaiah (30:18, NASB). "Blessed are those," reiterated Jesus, "who hunger and thirst for righteousness" (Matthew 5:6). A thirsting desire for the Lord and His righteousness is a blessing. How so?
God Initiates Spiritual Thirst
The reason a person thirsts for God is because the Holy Spirit is at work within him. If you are a Christian, two people live in your bodyyou and the Holy Spirit. As the apostle Paul explained, "Do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own?" (1 Corinthians 6:19). And the Holy Spirit is not passive within you.
For example, just as you can choose to put thoughts in your consciousness, so can He, and He does. For instance, as you can decide to think for a few moments about what you should do this evening, so He can plant thoughts in your mind about God and the things of God. Such work is part of how He causes a Christian to be "spiritually minded" (see Romans 8:5). Another part of that ministry is to cause you to have Godward thirsts and longings (such as "Abba, Father," see Romans 8:15), as well as other signs of spiritual vitality.
Charles Spurgeon, the peerless British Baptist preacher of the 1800s, elaborated on the blessing of thirsting:
When a man pants after God, it is a secret life within which makes him do it: he would not long after God by nature. No man thirsts for God while he is left in his carnal [that is, unconverted] state. The unrenewed man pants after anything sooner than God: ... It proves a renewed nature when you long after God; it is a work of grace in your soul, and you may be thankful for it.
God Initiates Spiritual Thirst in Order to Satisfy It
God does not fire a thirst for Himself in order to mock us or frustrate us. He Himself declared, "I did not say to the seed of Jacob, 'Seek Me in vain'" (Isaiah 45:19). What is true for the physical lineage of Jacob (Israel) is also true for his spiritual descendants, in other words, those who believe in Israel's Messiah, Jesus. God creates a thirst for Himself so that He can satisfy it with Himself. "For He satisfies the longing soul," is the promise of Psalm 107:9, "and fills the hungry soul with goodness." Jesus assured us that "blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled" (Matthew 5:6, emphasis added).
Jonathan Edwards argued that Scripture plainly teaches that "the godly are designed for unknown and inconceivable happiness." And, "no doubt but God will obtain his end in a glorious perfection." If God has indeed made us for an unimaginable fullness of joy and has implanted longings for it, then surely
God has made man capable of exceeding great happiness, which he doubtless did not in vain.... To create man with a capacity that he never intended to fill, ... would have been to have created a large capacity when there was need but of a smaller; yea, it makes man less happy, to be capable of more happiness than he shall ever obtain.... [C]an any think that man, ... was intended in his creation to be left in this respect imperfect, and as a vessel both partly empty and never to be filled? ... It appears that man was intended for very great blessedness, inasmuch as God has created man with a craving and desire that can be filled with nothing but a very great happiness.... God did not create in man so earnest a desire, when at the same time he did not create for so much as he should desire. ... [A] desire that could never be satisfied would be an eternal torment.
Edwards maintained, of course, that this "craving and desire" was a Christian's thirst for God, a longing that can be thoroughly and finally satisfied only in the eternal, undiminished, and face-to-face enjoyment of the Lord Himself in Heaven. Therefore, wrote Edwards,
Seeing that reason does so undeniably evidence that saints shall, some time or other, enjoy so great glory, hence we learn that there is undoubtedly a future state after death, because we see they do not enjoy so great glory in this world.... [A]ll the spiritual pleasure they enjoy in this life does but enflame their desire and thirst for more enjoyment of God; and if they knew that there was no future life, [it] would but increase their misery, to consider that after this life was ended they were never to enjoy God anymore at all. How good is God, that he has created man for this very end, to make him happy in the enjoyment of himself, the Almighty.
Once beholding His glory, believers will testify that "they are abundantly satisfied with the fullness of Your house, and You give them drink from the river of Your pleasures" (Psalm 36:8).
Do you thirst for God? Thirst is a God-planned part of the growth of a soul toward its heavenly home.
PRACTICAL STEPS FOR THIRSTING
AFTER THE THIRST-SLAKER
If you possess a true thirst for God, you will long to long even more. As Edwards insisted, "True and gracious longings after holiness are no idle ineffectual desires."
Meditate on Scripture. Note that we are to "meditate," not merely read. Many languishing souls are assiduous Bible readers. Without the addition of meditation, warned the great man of prayer and faith George Müller, "the simple reading of the Word of God" can become information that "only passes through our minds, just as water passes through a pipe."
Think of the incessant flow of information through your mind on a daily basisall that you see, read, and hear. Most of us struggle with "information overload," unable to keep up with the constant input of data. If we are not careful, the words of the Bible can become just another gallon of words in the ever-increasing current through our thoughts. As soon as they pass by, pushed on by the pressure of the flow in the pipe, we remember little (if anything) of what we've just read, for we must immediately shift our focus to what's now before us. So much processes through our brains; if we don't absorb some of it we will be affected by none of it. And surely if we should absorb anything that courses through our thinking, it should be the inspired words from Heaven. Without absorption of the water of God's Word, there's no quenching our spiritual thirst. Meditation is the means of absorption.
Spend 25 to 50 percent of your Bible intake time meditating on some verse, phrase, or word from your reading. Ask questions of it. Pray about it. Take your pen and scribble and doodle on a pad about it. Look for at least one way you could apply it or live it. Linger over it. Soak your soul slowly in the water of the Word, and you'll find it not only refreshes you, but prompts a satisfying thirst for more.
Table of Contents
|1 Do You Thirst for God?||15|
|2 Are You Governed Increasingly by God's Word?||29|
|3 Are You More Loving?||41|
|4 Are You More Sensitive to God's Presence?||55|
|5 Do You Have a Growing Concern for the Spiritual and|
|Temporal Needs of Others||69|
|6 Do You Delight in the Bride of Christ?||81|
|7 Are the Spiritual Disciplines Increasingly Important to|
|8 Do You Still Grieve over Sin?||101|
|9 Are You a Quicker Forgiver?||111|
|10 Do You Yearn for Heaven and to Be with Jesus?||121|
|About the author||141|
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
I read 10 Questions to Diagnose Your Spiritual Health while on retreat with my wife, and other ministry leaders. It was a recommended reading of the Pastor's Renewal Network list. I was challenged to look at my life, and where I am in my relationship with God, through Christ. The questions speak directly to our "health and wellness" of our spirit, and life in and with Christ. I sense a closer and deeper connection with God, in Christ, because of this book. I am recommending that each person in our church use this as a private study, as well as small group emphasis. I will also develop a sermon series that will be based upon each of the 10 Questions.
Donald S. Whitney in 'Ten Questions To Diagnose Your Spiritual Health' provides the reader with a test to help them grow in their desire to know God intimately. He parallels a diagnosis of the spiritual life with the approach a physician uses to determine physical health. Whitney asks probing, thought provoking questions and provides self tests to help the reader diagnose their own spiritual condition. Whitney discusses three kinds of spiritual thirst and the significance of each. He illustrates ways of discerning God's presence and explains why we need to get deeper into God's Word and how to develop Christian love and a response to the needs and concerns of others. He talks about exercising spiritual disciplines, remorse for sin, forgiving others, and practical holiness as a lifetime commitment. This is an exceptional study for Bible study classes, study groups, and individual use. ¿Ten Questions To Diagnose Your Spiritual Health¿ is an excellent devotional book, or study guide, for motivating growth in your Christian life. Whitney¿s writing is challenging, introspective, and practical. Other titles by Whitney include: Simplify Your Spiritual Life: Spiritual Disciplines for the Christian Life: Spiritual Disciplines Within the Church: and How Can I Be Sure I¿m a Christian?
This book is a well done helpful guide to doing a spirtual assesment for yourself.