Tetanus is a potentially fatal disease that is caused by the organism Clostridium tetani. This bacterium generally enters the body through a deep wound in the skin, such as a puncture caused by stepping on a nail, and spreads to the nervous system. Because a vaccine is available, tetanus is rare in the United States and other developed countries, but the disease still kills approximately 300,000 people per year worldwide. Tetanus describes the characteristics of the disease, details its prevention and treatment, and provides an overview of the historical background of the disease and the future trends of treatment and prevention.
Deadly diseases affect everyone. Although not all cases are fatal, each disease causes a degree of harm and discomfort to those whom it afflicts and can sometimes have long-lasting consequences. Each book in the series Deadly Diseases and Epidemics takes the reader through all aspects of a disease-from its history and causes or method of infection to its treatment and prevention. The books provide a foundation for understanding the basics of microbiology, immunology, and epidemiology.