Gets You Certified and in the Classroom!
Nationwide, more than 5 million teachers will be needed over the next decade, and all must take appropriate tests to be licensed. REA gets you ready for your teaching career with our outstanding library of Teacher Certification test preps!
Scoring well on the TExES Generalist Grades 4-8 exam doesn't just help you get certified to teach, it helps you build your career!
Our TExES test prep is designed to help teacher candidates master the information on the Generalist Grade 4-8 (111) exam. It's perfect for college students, teachers, and career-changing professionals who are looking to become Texas Middle School (Grades 4-8) teachers.
Written by Texas education experts and fully aligned with the latest test specifications, our in-depth review guides you through all the content topics tested on the TExES, including English language arts and reading, social science, mathematics, and science.
Two full-length practice tests in the book simulate the actual TExES Generalist exam. Each practice test is balanced to include every type of question, subject area, and skill tested on the exam. Our practice tests replicate the TExES question format, allowing you to assess your skills and gauge your test-readiness.
The book's two exams are also offered online in a timed format with instant scoring, diagnostic feedback, and detailed explanations of answers. REA's Study Center offers the most powerful scoring and diagnostic tools available today. Automatic scoring and instant reports help you zero in on the topics and types of questions that give you trouble now, so you'll succeed when it counts!
Every practice exam comes with detailed feedback on every question. We don't just say which answers are right-we explain why the other answer choices are wrong-so you'll be prepared on test day. Our detailed answers let you identify your strengths and weaknesses while building your skills. This complete test prep package comes with a customized study schedule and REA's test-taking strategies and tips.
This test prep is a must-have for anyone who wants to teach Middle School in Texas!
REA books and software have proven to be the extra support teacher candidates need to pass their challenging tests for licensure. Our comprehensive test preps are teacher-recommended and written by experts in the field.
About the Author
Dr. Ann Cavallo earned a B.S. from Niagara University, and two M.S. degrees in Science Education/Biology and a Ph.D. in Science Education from Syracuse University. She holds teaching certification in Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, and General Science, and taught middle and high school science prior to earning her graduate degrees. She has held university faculty appointments at The University of Oklahoma, The University of California-Davis, and Wayne State University, and is currently Associate Dean for Teacher Education and Professor of Science Education at The University of Texas at Arlington. Dr. Cavallo’s research investigates students’ science learning approaches, reasoning, and acquisition of conceptual understandings in the context of inquiry-based teaching and learning. Dr. Cavallo has over 35 publications in internationally and nationally refereed journals, a book, and several book chapters, and has secured more than $5 million in grants from various funding agencies to support her work. She has made more than 60 presentations at professional conferences, and is active in professional organizations in science and in teacher education.
Dr. Brooke Blevins is an assistant professor of Curriculum and Instruction, with an emphasis in Social Studies Education at Baylor University in Waco. She holds her Ph.D. from The University of Texas at Austin, and her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas. Prior to earning her graduate degrees, Dr. Blevins taught high school in Texas. Her research interests include historical thinking as a tool for critical civic engagement, pre-service teacher preparation, inquiry-based learning, and citizenship education. Dr. Blevins’ research has been presented at state and national conferences as well as in journal articles.
Dr. Christina Gawlik is an assistant professor of Mathematics Education in the Department of Mathematics & Computer Science at Texas Woman’s University. She earned her B.S.Ed. in Middle and Secondary Mathematics Education, and her M.S.Ed. in Curriculum & Instruction from The University of Kansas. She attended Kansas State University where she earned her Ph.D. in Curriculum & Instruction with an emphasis in K-16 Mathematics Education. Dr. Gawlik taught high school mathematics before she entered into higher education where she has taught mathematics and education courses at junior colleges and universities. Dr. Gawlik actively presents at national and regional conferences about mathematics education and has collaborative projects with local K-12 teachers.
Dr. Emily Summers is an associate professor of Curriculum and Instruction at Texas State University–San Marcos. Her scholarship emphasizes issues of equity in education including children and youth cultures, as well as the intersections of formal and informal cultures in constructing educative experiences. Her social studies education work includes numerous peer-reviewed publications in national and international journals, professional evaluation, grants, and conference papers. Dr. Summers works in geographically and/or linguistically marginalized school districts classified as urban, rural, or with 50% or more of students maintaining home languages other than English. She has taught in both English and Spanish in K-12 public school classrooms in Texas and in Guatemala.
Dr. Kevin J. White is an assistant professor of Science Education at The University of Texas at Arlington. He holds degrees from Washington State University and the Illinois Institute of Technology. He taught middle and high school science prior to earning his graduate degrees. He has published internationally in the area of science education and has presented numerous times at conferences for the National Science Teachers Association, Association for Science Teacher Education, the National Association for Research in Science Teaching and the European Science Education Research Association. His research interests include the nature of science, model-based learning and conceptual change theory.
Read an Excerpt
Passing the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) Exam
Congratulations! By taking the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam, you’re on your way to a rewarding career teaching upper-elementary or middle school students in Texas. Our book and the online tools that come with it give you everything you need to succeed on this important exam, bringing you one step closer to being certified to teach in Texas public schools. Our TExES test prep package includes:
• A complete overview of the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam
• A comprehensive review of every domain
• Two full-length practice tests with online diagnostic tools to help you personalize your prep
There are many different ways to prepare for the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam. What’s best for you depends on how much time you have to study and how comfortable you are with the subject matter. To score your highest, you need a study system that can be customized to fit you: your schedule, your learning style, and your current level of knowledge. Let our experts help put you on the path to success and get you ready for the TExES exam.
How to Use This Book
About the Review
The review chapters in this book are designed to help you sharpen the basic skills you need to approach the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam. The exam is composed of four domains and 58 competencies. Each of the domains and its corresponding competencies are examined in separate chapters. The skills required for all four domains are extensively discussed to optimize your understanding of what the test covers.
Keep in mind that your schooling has taught you most of what you need to know to answer the questions on the test. The education classes you took should have provided you with the know-how to make important decisions about situations you will face as a teacher. Our review is designed to help you fit the information you have acquired into specific competency components. Reviewing your class notes and textbooks together with our competency sections will give you an excellent foundation for passing the exam.
About the REA Study Center
The best way to personalize your study plan is to get feedback on what you know and what you don’t know. At the online REA Study Center, we give you two full-length practice tests with detailed score reports that pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses.
Before you review with the book, go to the REA Study Center and take Practice Test 1 as a diagnostic test. Armed with your score report, you can personalize your study plan. Review the parts of the book where you’re weakest and focus your study on the areas where you need the most review.
After reviewing with the book, take Practice Test 2 at the REA Study Center to ensure that you have mastered the material and are ready for test day. If you are studying and don’t have Internet access, you can take the printed tests in the book. These are the same practice tests offered at the REA Study Center, but without the added benefits of timed testing conditions and diagnostic score reports.
An Overview of the Test
What’s on the TExES Generalist 4-8 (111)?
The TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam is composed of four domains and 58 competencies. These domains and the competencies rooted in them represent the knowledge that teams of teachers, subject area specialists, and district-level educators have determined to be important for beginning teachers.
Format of the TExES Generalist 4-8 (111)
The TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam is available in both paper-based and computer-based formats. You may take up to five hours to complete it. The exam includes 120 scorable multiple-choice items and approximately 10 non-scorable items used for field-testing. Your final scaled score will be based only on scorable items. Since you are not penalized for guessing, do not leave any item unanswered. All multiple-choice questions are designed to assess your knowledge of the domains and related skills mentioned above and reviewed in this book. In general, the multiple-choice questions are intended to make you think logically. You are expected in most cases to demonstrate more than an ability to recall factual information; you may be asked to think critically about the information, analyze it, consider it carefully, compare it with knowledge you have, or make a judgment about it.
Answering the multiple-choice questions is straightforward. You will have four choices labeled A, B, C, and D. You must mark your choice on a separate answer sheet or, if you are taking the computer-based version, directly below each test item. You should have plenty of time in which to complete the test, so speed is not important. However, be aware of the amount of time you are spending on each question; maintaining a steady pace when answering the questions will ensure that you complete the whole test. Using our timed online practice tests will help you pace yourself.
When Should the TExES Generalist 4-8 (111) Be Taken?
Traditionally, teacher preparation programs determine when their candidates take the various tests required for teacher certification. These programs will also clear you to take the examinations and make final recommendations for certification to the State Board for Educator Certification (SBEC). For those seeking elementary or middle school certification right out of an undergraduate program, the test is generally taken just before graduation.
The TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) paper-based exam is usually administered five times a year at locations throughout Texas. The usual testing day is Saturday, but the test may be taken on an alternate day if a conflict, such as a religious obligation, exists. The computer-based examination is also available several times a year at specific locations.
The TExES Registration Bulletin offers information about test dates and locations, as well as registration information and instructions on how to arrange testing accommodations for those with special needs. The registration bulletin is available at http://texes.ets.org/registrationbulletin/.
Registration bulletins are also available at the education departments of Texas colleges and universities. To address issues that cannot be solved at the teacher preparation program level, you can contact the offices of SBEC at (512) 936-8400. You can also find information about the test and registration on the Educational Testing Service website at http://texes.ets.org.
Is There a Registration Fee?
Yes, you must pay a registration fee to take the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam. If you are using the registration form, all fees must be paid in full by personal check, cashier’s check, or money order payable to ETS. All payments must be made in U.S. dollars. Cash will not be accepted. If you are registering via the Internet or phone during the emergency registration period, payment must be made by VISA or MasterCard.
Scoring the Exam
The passing score for the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam is generally determined after the first administration of the test. At this writing, it has not been set yet; however, be aware that the cut score is generally set between 70% and 80%. There are 120 scorable multiple-choice questions on each of the practice tests. You must get 84 of those questions correct to score a 70% and 96 questions to score an 80%.
When and How Will I Receive My Score Report and What Will It Look Like?
The testing agency no longer sends test results via regular mail. As part of the registration process to take TExES examinations, students set up an account with the testing agency (ETS) in which they are assigned a username and password. You will use this information to log in to view the results of the test. Results of the paper-based examination are generally available within four weeks of the administration, and the results of the computer-based examination can be viewed within a week of the test.
The report you will receive will indicate whether you have passed the test. This report will also give you the following information:
• A total test scaled score that is reported on a scale of 100 to 300 and a minimum passing score. This score represents the minimum level of competency required to be an entry-level educator in this field in Texas public schools.
• Your performance in the major content domains of the test and in the specific competencies of the test.
• Information to help you interpret your results.
Can I Retake the Test?
If you don’t do well on the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111) exam, don’t panic! You can take it again, and in fact many candidates do. You can register to retake it at any subsequent test administration. To retake a test, submit a new registration along with the correct payment. It is recommended that you wait for your scores before reregistering.
If you choose to register for the same test before receiving your scores from a previous administration, you assume responsibility for test fees and any applicable late or emergency registration fees for both test dates.
Table of Contents
Passing the TExES Generalist 4–8 (111)
How to Use This Book
About the REA Study Center
An Overview of the Test
6-Week Study Plan
The Day of the Test
Domain I: English Language Arts and Reading
Competency 1: Oral Language
Competency 2: Early Literary Development
Competency 3: Word Identification Skills and Reading Fluency
Competency 4: Reading Comprehension and Assessment
Competency 5: Reading Applications
Competency 6: Written Language—Writing Conventions
Competency 7: Written Language—Composition
Competency 8: Viewing and Representing
Competency 9: Study and Inquiry Skills
Domain II: Mathematics
Competency 10: Number Systems
Competency 11: Number Operations
Competency 12: Number Theory
Competency 13: Patterns and Relationships
Competency 14: Linear Functions
Competency 15: Nonlinear Functions
Competency 16: Conceptual Foundations of Calculus
Competency 17: Measurement
Competency 18: Euclidean Geometry
Competency 19: Two- and Three-Dimensional Figures
Competency 20: Transformational Geometry and Cartesian Coordinate System
Competency 21: Graphical and Numerical Techniques to Explore Data
Competency 22: Theory of Probability
Competency 23: Probability and Statistics
Competency 24: Mathematical Reasoning and Problem Solving
Competency 25: Mathematical Connections
Competency 26: How Children Learn Math
Competency 27: Teacher Planning and Implementation
Competency 28: Assessment
Domain III: Social Studies
Competency 29: History
Competency 30: Geography
Competency 31: Economics
Competency 32: Government and Citizenship
Competency 33: Culture; Science, Technology and Society
Competency 34: Social Studies Foundations and Skills
Competency 35: Instruction and Assessment
Domain IV: Science
Competency 36: Student Safety
Competency 37: Use of Equipment
Competency 38: Scientific Inquiry and History and Nature of Science
Competency 39: Social Impact of Science
Competency 40: Common Concepts and Processes of All Sciences
Competency 41: Forces and Motion
Competency 42: Physical Properties of Matter
Competency 43: Chemical Properties of Matter
Competency 44: Energy and Its Interaction with Matter
Competency 45: Energy Transformations
Competency 46: Structure and Function of Living Things
Competency 47: Reproduction and Mechanisms of Heredity
Competency 48: Adaptations of Organisms and Theory of Evolution
Competency 49: Regulatory Mechanisms and Behavior
Competency 50: Relationships between Organisms and the Environment
Competency 51: Structure and Function of Earth Systems
Competency 52: Cycles in Earth Systems
Competency 53: Role of Energy in Weather and Climate
Competency 54: Characteristics of the Solar System and Universe
Competency 55: History of the Earth System
Competency 56: Teaching and Learning Science
Competency 57: Scientific Enquiry
Competency 58: Assessments in Laboratory, Field, and Classroom
Practice Test 1 (also available online at www.rea.com/studycenter )
Practice Test 2 (also available online at www.rea.com/studycenter )