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Oxford University Press
The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration / Edition 4

The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration / Edition 4

by Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman
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This thoroughly revised edition of Bruce M. Metzger's classic work is the most up-to-date manual available for the textual criticism of the New Testament. The Text of the New Testament, Fourth Edition, has been invigorated by the addition of Bart D. Ehrman—author of numerous best-selling books on the New Testament—as a coauthor. This revision brings the discussion of such important matters as the early Greek manuscripts and methods of textual criticism up to date, integrating recent research findings and approaches into the body of the text (as opposed to previous revisions, which compiled new material and notes into appendices). The authors also examine new areas of interest, including the use of computers in the collection and evaluation of manuscript evidence and the effects that social and ideological influences had upon the work of scribes. The standard text for courses in biblical studies and the history of Christianity since its first publication in 1964, The Text of the New Testament is poised to become a definitive resource for a whole new generation of students.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780195161229
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 04/28/2005
Edition description: REV
Pages: 384
Sales rank: 390,184
Product dimensions: 8.20(w) x 5.50(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Princeton Theological Seminary (Emeritus)

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Table of Contents

Preface to the First Edition
Chapter 1. The Making of Ancient Books
I. The Materials of Ancient Books
1. Papyrus
2. Parchment
3. Ink Making
II. The Forms of Ancient Books
III. Ancient Scribes and Their Handiwork
Added Note on Colophons
IV. "Helps for Readers" in New Testament Manuscripts
1. Chapter Divisions
2. Titles of Chapters
3. Eusebian Canons
4. Hypotheses, Bioi, Euthalian Apparatus
5. Superscriptions and Subscriptions
6. Punctuation
7. Glosses, Scholia, Commentaries, Catenae, Onomastica
8. Artistic Adornment
9. Cola and Commata
10. Neumes
11. Lectionary Equipment
V. Statistics of Greek Manuscripts of the New Testament
Chapter 2. Important Witnesses to the Text of the New Testament
I. Greek Manuscripts of the New Testament
1. Important Greek Papyri of the New Testament
2. Important Greek Majuscule Manuscripts of the New Testament
3. Important Greek Minuscule Manuscripts of the New Testament
4. Other Noteworthy Manuscripts
II. Ancient Versions of the New Testament
1. The Syriac Versions
2. The Latin Versions
3. The Coptic Versions
4. The Gothic Version
5. The Armenian Version
6. The Georgian Version
7. The Ethiopic Version
8. The Old Slavonic Version
9. Other Ancient Versions
III. Patristic Quotations from the New Testament
Chapter 3. The Precritical Period: The Origin and Dominance of the Textus Receptus
I. From Ximenes and Erasmus to the Elzevirs
II. The Collection of Variant Readings
Chapter 4. The Modern Critical Period: From Griesbach to the Present
I. The Beginnings of Scientific Textual Criticism of the New Testament
II. The Overthrow of the Textus Receptus
Chapter 5. The Origins of Textual Criticism as a Scholarly Discipline
Chapter 6. Modern Methods of Textual Criticism
I. The Classical Method of Textual Criticism
II. Reactions Against Classical Textual Criticism
1. Joseph Bédier
2. Albert C. Clark
III. Local Texts and Ancient Editions: Burnett Hillman Streeter
IV. Alternative Methods of Textual Criticism
1. The Majority Text
2. Thoroughgoing Eclecticism
V. Conjectural Emendation
VI. Methods of Determining Family Relationships Among Manuscripts
1. The Claremont Profile Method
2. The Alands' Use of Teststellen
3. The Comprehensive Profile Method
VII. The Use of Computers in New Testament Textual Criticism
1. The Collection, Recording, and Storage of Data
2. The Presentation of the Data
3. Statistical Analyses
4. Hypertext Possibilities
VIII. Significant Ongoing Projects
1. The Institut fur neutestamentliche Textforschung
2. The International Greek New Testament Project
Chapter 7. The Causes of Error in the Transmission of the Text of the New Testament
I. Unintentional Changes
1. Errors Arising from Faulty Eyesight
2. Errors Arising from Faulty Hearing
3. Errors of the Mind
4. Errors of Judgment
II. Intentional Changes
1. Changes Involving Spelling and Grammar
2. Harmonistic Corruptions
3. Addition of Natural Complements and Similar Adjuncts
4. Clearing up Historical and Geographical Difficulties
5. Conflation of Readings
6. Alterations Made Because of Doctrinal Considerations
7. Addition of Miscellaneous Details
Chapter 8. History of the Transmission of the Text of the New Testament
I. Complications in Establishing the Original Text
II. Dissemination of Early Christian Literature
III. The Rise and Development of the New Testament Text Types
1. The Western Text
2. The Alexandrian Text
3. The Byzantine Text
IV. The Use of Textual Data for the Social History of Early Christianity
1. Doctrinal Disputes of Early Christianity
2. Jewish-Christian Relations
3. The Oppression of Women in Early Christianity
4. Christian Apologia
5. Christian Asceticism
6. The Use of Magic and Fortune-Telling in Early Christianity
Chapter 9. The Practice of New Testament Textual Criticism
I. Basic Criteria for the Evaluation of Variant Readings
II. The Process of Evaluating Variant Readings
1. External Evidence
2. Internal Evidence
III. The Textual Analysis of Selected Passages
General Index
Index of New Testament Passages

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The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration 3.5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 11 reviews.
puritanreformed on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
The 4th Edition is an excellent introduction to the science of New Testament Textual Criticism. It introduces readers to the writing and transmission of ancient texts, the various mss we have in existence, a history of textual criticism, methods of textual criticism, causes of errors in the mss, the history of text transmission, and practice of textual criticism.The only contention I have is Bart Ehrman's work on the book. Ehrman is hardly an objective scholar. While I do not have the third edition to compare with, I serously doubt the work is better than it would be if Ehrman did not work on it.
ronjawdi on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is the standard introduction to the textual criticism in the New Testament. The amount of information in this book is overwhelming. This books gives a cursory overview of the history of the production of books, text criticism, and production of Greek New Testaments. The catalogue of witnesses will also be an asset to have when one is using their GNT. The sample cases of text criticism in the final chapter are interesting as well. If one is looking for a step-by-step guide on how to 'do' text criticism, it is not here. This is simply because it is not so much a science as it is an art. The cases provide an intuitive introduction to the tricky terrain of finding the original text. There was one slight problem I noticed while reading the final chapter. Some of the textual variants for a particular text were nowhere to be located in my UBS4 or NA27. This may probably be because the editors of those respective texts choose not to include those particular variants simply because they are obviously not original. But this can lead someone to question whether the NA27 or UBS4 are sufficient enough for the task that Metzger puts before us. Nonetheless, Metzger book offers not only a good introduction, but also a reference that I shall be turning back to again and again.
erikssonfamily on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
An excellent book for any student interested in the history of early New Testament manuscript. Metzger and Ehrman provide priceless research and information in regards to the history and importance of Greek New Testament transmission. They provide very interesting insight into the formation of the text and how it varies between manuscripts. A must read for any New Testament Student.
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