This book is a compilation of chapters that discuss the most vital concepts in the field of soil science. It is designed to provide students with the detailed information about the basic and primary theories of this field. Soil science refers to the study of the classification, formation, management and examination of physical, biological, chemical, and fertilizing properties of different soils. It can be called pedology or edaphology. The topics introduced in the text are of utmost importance. The textbook aims to serve as a resource guide for students and experts alike and contribute to the growth of the discipline.