A variety of textile components are used in cars today, from tires, hoses and belts to carpets, seats and airbags. This new text provides a detailed guide and reference to all automotive textiles and applications, including fibers and fabrics, component design, production and finishing methods, and performance in specific applications. The presentation and content serve the practical information needs of all those involved in the development, design, production, evaluation, and selection of these materials and components.
In addition to thorough coverage of all automotive textile materials and applications, chapters also present current information on several related special topics. Environmental concerns, including recycling, are examined in one chapter. (Health and safety aspects, such as materials flammability, are covered within other chapters.) One chapter examines current developments and trends in automotive textiles that help identify future developments in this applications area. Another chapter provides a detailed guide to information sources in this field.
The text is carefully organized for convenient reference and supplemented with more than 90 photo-graphs, diagrams and other schematics that illustrate production and finishing methods and machinery, materials structure, component design, and applications. The hundreds of references and suggestions for further reading provide an extensive database on the literature of this subject. A glossary provides definitions of words and terms in this field. And a detailed index enables easy look-up of needed information.
This new text and reference provides engineers and other technical personnel involved in automotive textile applications with a convenient one-volume information resource.
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Product dimensions:||6.40(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.21(d)|
About the Author
Table of Contents
Preface Introductory survey o General survey: The beginning, The present day, New challenges o Material survey-fibres: Early seat covers, Modern seat covers, Modern seat covers-the fabric producers' view, Seat cover laminates, Textiles in other areas of the car o Material survey-plastics o Material survey-natural and synthetic rubbers o Requirements from suppliers
Interior design o Interior design: The background, The challenge for the textile supplier, Design support-hardware and software requirements, Design education, Design development, Interior styling issues and cultural preferences, The creative issue, The choice-what technologies are available and what can they offer? Realizing the ideas, Summary
Fabric structures and production methods o Introduction, fibres and yarn types: Fibres, Partially oriented yarn, Heat history, Yarn types, Staple spinning, Continuous filament yarns, Specialty yarns, Yarn thickness or "count" o Fabric structures-wovens: Woven structures, Weaving-flat fabrics, The weaving machine (or loom), Weaving-pile fabrics, Woven cloth characteristics o Fabric structures-warp knitted: stitch formation and patterning, Raschel structures, Machine gauges, speeds and fabric development, Finishing, Fabric characteristics o Fabric structures-weft knitted: Machine gauge and diameter, Design, yarn and fabric development, Finishing, Production rates, Fabric characteristics o Fabric structures- flatbed knitting o Non-woven and compound fabrics: Introduction, Web formation, Bonding, Extrusion or spun methods, Stitchbonded fabrics, Felts, Tufting and needlepunching, Finishing, Nonwovens in the car
Yarn and fabric processing o Introduction o Dyeing and finishing: General principles of dyeing, Laboratory recipe preparation, Yarn package dyeing, Fabric (piece) dyeing, Polyester dyeing, Oligomer reduction-alkali dyeing of polyester, Nylon dyeing, Acrylic dyeing, Wool dyeing, Fabric scouring, Final stentering of fabric, Fabric finishing o Printing: Flatbed screen, Rotary screen printing, Heat transfer printing, Ink-jet printing o Coating and lamination: Introduction to lamination, Types of adhesives, Materials to be joined, Flame lamination, Flatbed laminators-calenders, Powder scattering, Powder printing- dry and paste, Melt print-roller and screen, Slot die extruder, Spray application, Discussion of the various methods, Welding
Quality assurance and testing o Quality assurance: Product testing, Test standards, The diversity of test methods, Processability quality checks, Customer satisfaction quality checks o Test method details: General checks and appearance, Colour shade approval, Colour fastness and crocking, Lightfastness and UV degradation resistance, Abra-sion resistance and associated factors, Peel bond tests, Fogging, Antistatic properties, Flammability, Dimensional stability, Stretch and set, Soiling and cleanability, Environmental and ageing, Fabric handle, drape and stiffness, Fabric strength-tear and tensile, Fabric strength-bursting, Fabric strength-seams, Air porosity and permeability, Comfort-breathability, Odour assessment, Recording of results-statistical process control, Fabric examination
Product engineering-interior trim o Introduction o Seats: Introduction, Methods of seat construction, Materials for seat making, Alternative methods of seat making, Introduction to seat com-fort, Seat thermal comfort, Seat comfort-the complete picture o Headliners: Headliner structure o Door casings o Parcel shelves o Other interior trim: Dash-board, Sunvisors, Boot or trunk linings, Further new materials, Ancillary textile items o Complete modular interiors
Other textile applications o Introduction o Seat belts o Airbags and related products o Carpets: Noise control o Cabin air filters o Battery separators o Bonnet (hood) liners o Wheel-arch liners o Hood material for convertibles o Tyres o Hoses and belts-general considerations: Hoses, Belts
Automotive textiles and the environment o Introduction o The greenhouse effect and global warming o Environmental legislation: Introduction, UK laws, European legislation o The effects of pollutants: Air pollution (exhaust fumes), Particulate matter, Land and water o Manufacturing concerns: Wet processing, Lamination and joining, Health and safety aspects o Sustainable development: Recycling of interior trim, Fabric recycling, Recycling of polyurethane foam, Logistics of automobile recycling, Use of natural fibres, Reduced emissions by reduced weight
Textiles in other forms of transportation o Introduction o Composite materials: Fibres used in composites, Properties of composites, Advantages of composites, Fabrication of composites o Flame retardancy: Basic mechanisms, Mechanisms of flame retardant chemicals, Development of FR chemicals and recent developments, The burning process, Fire-blocker materials, Fire safety in transportation o Fabric coating: Base fabrics used, Polymers and compounds used, Direct coating, Transfer coating, Calender coating, Calender film lamination, Other coating methods-rotary screen o Textiles in other road vehicles: Commercial and goods vehicles, Tarpaulins, Other textile uses, Buses and coaches, Mobile homes o Railway applications: Seat materials, Other rail uses of textiles o Marine applications: Furnishing fabrics, Marine functional applications, Sails and ropes o Textiles in aircraft: Furnishing fabrics, Fibre reinforced composites, Other textiles used in aircraft
Future development and outlook o General survey o Manufacturing o Fabric performance o New developments and opportunities o Environ-mental issues o Visions of the future-fabric design aspects o Further visions of the future
Sources of further information o Conferences: General textiles, Automotive conferences o Journals: Textile journals, Technical textiles, Dyeing and finishing, Plastics and chemicals, Composites, The environment, Automotive Interiors, Automotives general o Technical and professional organizations and institutions: Textile, Some UK universities/ institutions with textile departments, Plastics, rubber and composites, General engineering/joining technology, Testing and standards o Market information on automotive industry o General textile reference o Glossary of terms and abbreviations o Abbreviations used in references at end of chapters Index