Textiles in Automotive Engineering

Textiles in Automotive Engineering

by Walter Fung


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781587160806
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 01/26/2001
Pages: 377
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.21(d)

About the Author

Walter Fung has worked in the textiles industry since 1965 when he joined Courtaulds Research Division. He was a technical specialist in dyeing, finishing, coating and lamination of fabrics and was involved in research, development and technical services for both sales and production. In 1989 he transferred to Courtaulds Textiles Automotive Products, now Collins and Aikman Automotive Fabrics Ltd.

Mike Hardcastle is a Fellow of theTextile Instsitute and an Honorary Ma of Huddersfield University. He has over 40 years' experience in textile technology, design, development and sales with more than 15 years' experience in automotive textiles with courtaulds Textiles where he has held posts of design and product development director in relation to automotive textile trim products.

Table of Contents

Preface Introductory survey o General survey: The beginning, The present day, New challenges o Material survey-fibres: Early seat covers, Modern seat covers, Modern seat covers-the fabric producers' view, Seat cover laminates, Textiles in other areas of the car o Material survey-plastics o Material survey-natural and synthetic rubbers o Requirements from suppliers

Interior design o Interior design: The background, The challenge for the textile supplier, Design support-hardware and software requirements, Design education, Design development, Interior styling issues and cultural preferences, The creative issue, The choice-what technologies are available and what can they offer? Realizing the ideas, Summary

Fabric structures and production methods o Introduction, fibres and yarn types: Fibres, Partially oriented yarn, Heat history, Yarn types, Staple spinning, Continuous filament yarns, Specialty yarns, Yarn thickness or "count" o Fabric structures-wovens: Woven structures, Weaving-flat fabrics, The weaving machine (or loom), Weaving-pile fabrics, Woven cloth characteristics o Fabric structures-warp knitted: stitch formation and patterning, Raschel structures, Machine gauges, speeds and fabric development, Finishing, Fabric characteristics o Fabric structures-weft knitted: Machine gauge and diameter, Design, yarn and fabric development, Finishing, Production rates, Fabric characteristics o Fabric structures- flatbed knitting o Non-woven and compound fabrics: Introduction, Web formation, Bonding, Extrusion or spun methods, Stitchbonded fabrics, Felts, Tufting and needlepunching, Finishing, Nonwovens in the car

Yarn and fabric processing o Introduction o Dyeing and finishing: General principles of dyeing, Laboratory recipe preparation, Yarn package dyeing, Fabric (piece) dyeing, Polyester dyeing, Oligomer reduction-alkali dyeing of polyester, Nylon dyeing, Acrylic dyeing, Wool dyeing, Fabric scouring, Final stentering of fabric, Fabric finishing o Printing: Flatbed screen, Rotary screen printing, Heat transfer printing, Ink-jet printing o Coating and lamination: Introduction to lamination, Types of adhesives, Materials to be joined, Flame lamination, Flatbed laminators-calenders, Powder scattering, Powder printing- dry and paste, Melt print-roller and screen, Slot die extruder, Spray application, Discussion of the various methods, Welding

Quality assurance and testing o Quality assurance: Product testing, Test standards, The diversity of test methods, Processability quality checks, Customer satisfaction quality checks o Test method details: General checks and appearance, Colour shade approval, Colour fastness and crocking, Lightfastness and UV degradation resistance, Abra-sion resistance and associated factors, Peel bond tests, Fogging, Antistatic properties, Flammability, Dimensional stability, Stretch and set, Soiling and cleanability, Environmental and ageing, Fabric handle, drape and stiffness, Fabric strength-tear and tensile, Fabric strength-bursting, Fabric strength-seams, Air porosity and permeability, Comfort-breathability, Odour assessment, Recording of results-statistical process control, Fabric examination

Product engineering-interior trim o Introduction o Seats: Introduction, Methods of seat construction, Materials for seat making, Alternative methods of seat making, Introduction to seat com-fort, Seat thermal comfort, Seat comfort-the complete picture o Headliners: Headliner structure o Door casings o Parcel shelves o Other interior trim: Dash-board, Sunvisors, Boot or trunk linings, Further new materials, Ancillary textile items o Complete modular interiors

Other textile applications o Introduction o Seat belts o Airbags and related products o Carpets: Noise control o Cabin air filters o Battery separators o Bonnet (hood) liners o Wheel-arch liners o Hood material for convertibles o Tyres o Hoses and belts-general considerations: Hoses, Belts

Automotive textiles and the environment o Introduction o The greenhouse effect and global warming o Environmental legislation: Introduction, UK laws, European legislation o The effects of pollutants: Air pollution (exhaust fumes), Particulate matter, Land and water o Manufacturing concerns: Wet processing, Lamination and joining, Health and safety aspects o Sustainable development: Recycling of interior trim, Fabric recycling, Recycling of polyurethane foam, Logistics of automobile recycling, Use of natural fibres, Reduced emissions by reduced weight

Textiles in other forms of transportation o Introduction o Composite materials: Fibres used in composites, Properties of composites, Advantages of composites, Fabrication of composites o Flame retardancy: Basic mechanisms, Mechanisms of flame retardant chemicals, Development of FR chemicals and recent developments, The burning process, Fire-blocker materials, Fire safety in transportation o Fabric coating: Base fabrics used, Polymers and compounds used, Direct coating, Transfer coating, Calender coating, Calender film lamination, Other coating methods-rotary screen o Textiles in other road vehicles: Commercial and goods vehicles, Tarpaulins, Other textile uses, Buses and coaches, Mobile homes o Railway applications: Seat materials, Other rail uses of textiles o Marine applications: Furnishing fabrics, Marine functional applications, Sails and ropes o Textiles in aircraft: Furnishing fabrics, Fibre reinforced composites, Other textiles used in aircraft

Future development and outlook o General survey o Manufacturing o Fabric performance o New developments and opportunities o Environ-mental issues o Visions of the future-fabric design aspects o Further visions of the future

Sources of further information o Conferences: General textiles, Automotive conferences o Journals: Textile journals, Technical textiles, Dyeing and finishing, Plastics and chemicals, Composites, The environment, Automotive Interiors, Automotives general o Technical and professional organizations and institutions: Textile, Some UK universities/ institutions with textile departments, Plastics, rubber and composites, General engineering/joining technology, Testing and standards o Market information on automotive industry o General textile reference o Glossary of terms and abbreviations o Abbreviations used in references at end of chapters Index


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