This book completes the theory of textuality whose logical and epistemological dimensions were presented in Gracia’s book, A Theory of Textuality: The Logic and Epistemology (SUNY Press). It provides an ontological characterization of texts consistent with the conception of texts defended in the earlier book; it explores the issues raised by the identity of various texts; and it presents a view of the identity and function of authors and audiences and of their relations to texts. The discussion is systematic, comprehensive, and detailed. Gracia raises all of the important issues related to texts within the areas he explores and takes into account the pertinent literature. The style is argumentative and clear, and the position Gracia defends is based on common sense. He stays clear of the extreme views some contemporary authors have taken with respect to texts and textuality.
This is the only book of its kind. It is the first to develop a comprehensive theory and to adopt an integrative approach where the issues and their solutions are seen as closely connected.
About the Author
Jorge J. E. Gracia is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at State University of New York at Buffalo. His other works include Philosophy and Literature in Latin America: A Critical Assessment of the Current Situation (with Mireye Camurati); Individuality: An Essay on the Foundations of Metaphysics; Philosophy and Its History: Issues in Philosophical Historiography; Individuation in Scholasticism: The Later Middle Ages and the Counter-Reformation, 1150–1650; Individuation and Identity in Early Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant (with Kenneth F. Barber), and A Theory of Textuality: The Logic and Epistemology, all published by SUNY Press.
Table of ContentsPreface
I. The Logic of Texts
1. Ontological Status
I. Are Texts Individual or Universal?
A. Individuality and Universality of ECTs
B. Individuality and Universality of Meanings
C. Individuality and Universality of Texts
II. Individuation of Texts
III. Are Texts Physical or NonPhysical?
A. Physical Texts
B. Mental Texts
IV. Relation of Texts to Meanings and ECTs
V. Are Texts Substances or Features?
VI. Are Texts Aggregates or Nonaggregates?
VII. Existence and Location of Texts
VIII. Historicity of Texts
A. Achronic Sameness of Texts
B. Synchronic Sameness of Texts
C. Diachronic Sameness of Texts
III. Identification and Reidentification of Texts
I. Identity of the Author
A. Historical Author
B. Pseudo-Historical Author
C. Composite Author
D. Interpretative Author
II. Function of the Author
A. Function of the Historical Author
B. Function of the Composite Author
C. Function of the Pseudo-Historical Author
D. Function of the Interpretative Author
III. Need for an Author
A. Need for the Historical author
B.Need for the Pseudo-Historical Author
C. Need for the Composite Author
D. Need for the Interpretative Author
IV. Repressive Character of the Author
V. Subjectivity of the Author
I. Identity of the Audience
A. Types of Audience
B. Composition of the Audience
II. Function of the Audience
III. Need for an Audience
IV. Character of the Audience
A. Subversive Character
B. Repressive Character
V. Subjectivity of the Audience
Index of Authors
Index of Subjects