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In dark skirts and bloodied boots, Clara Barton fearlessly ventured on to Civil War battlefields to tend to wounded soldiers. She later worked with civilians in Europe during the Franco-Prussian War, lobbied legislators to ratify the Geneva conventions, and founded and ran the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross from Clara Barton to the New Deal tells the story of the charitable organization from its start in 1881, through its humanitarian aid during wars, natural disasters, and the Depression, to its relief efforts of the 1930s.
Marian Moser Jones illustrates the tension between the organization’s founding principles of humanity and neutrality and the political, economic, and moral pressures that sometimes caused it to favor one group at the expense of another.
This expansive book narrates the stories of:
• U.S. natural disasters such as the Jacksonville yellow fever epidemic of 1888, the Sea Islands hurricane of 1893, and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake
• crises abroad, including the 1892 Russian famine and the Armenian massacres of 1895–96
• efforts to help civilians affected by the civil war in Cuba
• power struggles within the American Red Cross leadership and subsequent alliances with the American government
• the organization's expansion during World War I
• race riots in East St. Louis, Chicago, and Tulsa between 1917 and 1921
• help for African American and white Southerners after the Mississippi flood of 1927
• relief projects during the Dust Bowl and after the New Deal
An epilogue relates the history of the American Red Cross since the beginning of World War II and illuminates the organization's current practices as well as its international reputation.
|Publisher:||Johns Hopkins University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)|
About the Author
Marian Moser Jones is an assistant professor of family science at the University of Maryland School of Public Health. She is a former DeWitt Stetten Fellow at the National Institutes of Health, Office of History.
Table of Contents
Part I The Barton Era
1 Miss Barton Goes to Washington 3
2 Transatlantic Transplant 21
3 National Calamities 37
4 The Misfortunes of Other Nations 61
5 Cuba and Controversy 80
Part II The Boardman Era
6 Barton versus Boardman 97
7 Shifting Ground 116
8 Establishment 137
9 Fighting on Two Fronts 157
Part III Between the Wars
10 Triage for Terror 179
11 Baptism in Mud 198
12 Scorched Earth 225
13 A New Deal for Disasters 240
Epilogue: Blood and Grit 261
List of Archival Sources 366
What People are Saying About This
The most current, comprehensive institutional historya rich account of experiences on the ground that shows how American Red Cross structure and policies played out unevenly in situations where racism, paternalism, and anti-dependency arguments framed the provision of disaster relief.
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