This is the first book to present a comprehensive review of the archaeology of Syria from the end of the Paleolithic period to 300 BC. Syria has become a prime focus of field archaeology in the Middle East since the 1970s, and Peter Akkermans and Glenn Schwartz discuss the results of this intensive fieldwork, integrating them with earlier research. Alongside the major material culture types of each period, they examine important contributions of Syrian archaeology to issues like the onset of agriculture, the emergence of private property and social inequality, the rise and collapse of urban life, and the archaeology of early empires. Competing interpretations are set out and considered alongside the authors' own perspectives and conclusions.
About the Author
GLENN M. SCHWARTZ is Whiting Professor of Archaeology in the Department of Near Eastern Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.
PETER M. M. G. AKKERMANS is Curator of the Department of Ancient Near East at the National Museum of Antiquities, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Table of Contents
|List of figures||vi|
|2||Hunter-gatherers at the end of the Ice Age||14|
|3||A changing perspective: Neolithic beginnings||42|
|4||The exploration of new horizons||99|
|5||Continuity and change in the late sixth and fifth millennia BC||154|
|6||The fourth millennium BC and the Uruk intrusion||181|
|7||Regionalization and local trajectories||211|
|8||The "second urban revolution" and its aftermath||233|
|9||The regeneration of complex societies||288|
|10||Empires and internationalism||327|
|11||Iron Age Syria||360|