The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch

The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch

by George Shambaugh, Paul J. Weinstein

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Overview

The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch, Second Edition is a practical introduction to the specific tools, techniques, and processes used to create policy in the executive branch of the U.S. government.  George E. Shambaugh, IV and Paul Weinstein, Jr. explain how government officials craft policy, manage the policymaking process, and communicate those policies to stakeholders and the public at large.  The authors draw on both their academic and government experience to provide real-world advice on writing memos, preparing polling questions, and navigating the clearance process.  An abundance of case studies show how actual policies are developed and how and why policies and processes differ across administrations. Practice scenarios allow students to apply the tools and techniques they have learned by working through both domestic and foreign policy situations.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781483385532
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 12/14/2015
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 312
File size: 2 MB

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: WHY THE POLICYMAKING PROCESS MATTERS
Objective
Situating the Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Existing Literature
Promoting Presidential Leadership and Management through the Policymaking Process
The Importance of Procedural Legitimacy in Building Policy Support
Conclusion
PART I. THE POLICYMAKERS
CHAPTER 2: THE WHITE HOUSE POLICY COUNCILS
The Policy Councils and the Structure of The Executive Branch
How the Policy Councils Operate and Why They Are Important
The White House Policy Councils
Key Agencies Within the Executive Office of the President
Conclusion
CHAPTER 3: THE WHITE HOUSE STAFF
Working on the White House Staff
Other Key Players in the White House
Interaction with the Media
White House Gatekeepers
Conclusion
CHAPTER 4: AGENCIES AND POLICY IMPLEMENTATION
Executive Agencies and Departments and Executive Branch Policymaking
The Role of Agencies
Implementing Policy Decisions
Conclusion
CHAPTER 5: POLICY MANAGEMENT
Policy Management and Procedural Legitimacy
Models of Policy Management
Policy Czars and War Rooms
Conclusion
PART II. TOOLS OF THE TRADE
CHAPTER 6: POLICYMAKING MEMORANDA
Tools of the Trade
The Role of the Memorandum
The Decision-making Memorandum
The Information Memorandum
The Weekly Report
Conclusion
CHAPTER 7: THE STATE OF THE UNION AND THE BUDGET PROCESS
Timing Your Swing: Understanding Internal Workflows in the Executive Branch
State of the Union
The Budget
Conclusion
CHAPTER 8: POLICY IMPLEMENTATION TOOLS
Implementation Tools
Authorizing Tools
Recommending the Right Policy Tool
Conclusion
CHAPTER 9: LEGISLATIVE CLEARANCE AND COORDINATION: SAPS, LRMS, AND OTHER POLICY ACRONYMS
Legislative Clearance and Coordination
Legislative Responsibility in the Executive Branch
The Clearance Process
Clearance of Agency Testimony and Reports on Pending Legislation
Conclusion
CHAPTER 10: POLLING AND THE POLICYMAKING PROCESS
Polling and Policymaking: Myths and Realities
Rebuttals to Common Criticisms
Polling Basics
Who Polls for the White House?
Conclusion
CHAPTER 11: COMMUNICATING AND MARKETING POLICY
The Importance of Communicating and Marketing Policy
Speechwriting
Communications
Press Office
Conclusion
PART III. CASE STUDIES
CHAPTER 12: SOCIAL POLICYMAKING: WELFARE REFORM DURING THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION
Welfare Reform and the Political Process
The Early Phase: Decentralization, Debate, and Deadlock
Phase II: Action, Response, and Resolution
Conclusion: Making the Process Work
CHAPTER 13: ECONOMIC POLICYMAKING I: THE CLINTON ECONOMIC PLAN
The Economic Plan and the Political Process
Phase I: The Economic Plan and the NEC
Establishing the Management Role of the NEC
The NEC Process
Communicating and Marketing the Economic Plan
Securing Passage of the Bill
Conclusion and Lessons Learned
CHAPTER 14: ECONOMIC POLICYMAKING II: THE SIMPSON-BOWLES COMMISSION UNDER PRESIDENT OBAMA
Introduction
Using the Process to Overcome a Stacked Deck
Representative Membership
Outreach
Assigning Accountability and Putting Issues on the Table
The Outcome
Conclusions and Lessons for the Policymaking Process
CHAPTER 15: SECURITY POLICYMAKING I: DESERT SHIELD AND DESERT STORM UNDER GEORGE H. W. BUSH
Security Crises and the Political Process
Responding to the Crisis
The Initial Response
Containment and the Decision to Double U.S. Ground Forces
Conclusion
CHAPTER 16: SECURITY POLICYMAKING II: THE SURGE AND IRAQ WAR UNDER GEORGE W. BUSH
Changing Policy
The Unpredictability of Being an Honest Broker
Sparking Debate and Incubating Ideas
Breaking Some China
Presenting New Ideas
Promoting the President’s Agenda
Conclusion
PART IV. SCENARIOS
CHAPTER 17: PRACTICE SCENARIOS
Practice Scenarios
GLOSSARY
INDEX

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