Kennedy has written much more than an ``I was an Iranian hostage'' book; Ayatollah is a careful, reasoned analysis of the U.S. Foreign Service, the philosophies that frame our foreign policies, and the forces that animate our career diplomats. He contends that our society and government's inability to understand the difference between ``modernization'' (doing things with technology) and ``Westernization'' (doing things the Western way) is the basis for many of our woes in South America and the Middle East. Furthermore, he asserts, the targeting of the United States as the prime subject for terrorism is a result of our refusal or inability to take the concerns and existence of the Middle East seriously. Ayatollah is insightful, thought-provoking, and an absolute requirement for any serious study of modern foreign policy and international relations. Highly recommended. David P. Snider, Casa Grande P.L. , Ariz.