The Book of Ascension: Looking into the Essential Truths of Sufism: (Mi'raj al-tashawwuf ila haqa'iq al-tasawwuf) A Lexicon of Sufic Terminology

The Book of Ascension: Looking into the Essential Truths of Sufism: (Mi'raj al-tashawwuf ila haqa'iq al-tasawwuf) A Lexicon of Sufic Terminology

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Overview

The Book of Ascension: Looking into the Essential Truths of Sufism: (Mi'raj al-tashawwuf ila haqa'iq al-tasawwuf) A Lexicon of Sufic Terminology by Ahmad ibn 'Ajiba

Written by 18th-century Moroccan scholar and mystic Ahmad ibn ‘Ajiba, this book defines Sufic terminology. Based on four published Arabic editions of the Mi‘raj and two manuscript versions, this translation is supplemented by excerpts from some of Ibn ‘Ajiba’s other works, which offer insights about the essential notions of Sufism: repentance, integrity, love, patience, gratitude, and the Eternal Wine. A comprehensive compilation, this bilingual edition—Arabic and English—celebrates Ahmad ibn ‘Ajiba’s belief that coming to know and reflect upon these notions could be, in itself, a sort of ascending meditative journey.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781891785849
Publisher: Fons Vitae of Kentucky, Incorporated
Publication date: 01/01/2012
Edition description: Bilingual
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author


Ahmad ibn 'Ajiba was an 18th-century Moroccan saint in the Darqawa Sufi Sunni Islamic lineage. Mohamed Fouad Aresmouk is the author of al-Rashad fi zabdati al-Awrad and an instructor of Arabic at the Center for Language and Culture in Marrakech. Michael Abdurrahman Fitzgerald is the director of the Center for Language and Culture and the author of several books, including Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya on the Invocation of God. He and Mohamed Fouad Aresmouk are cotranslators of The Immense Ocean.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction xv

The Translation: Mi'raj al-tashawwuf ila haqa'iq al-tasawwuf [Author's Introduction] 1

1 Sufism (tasawwuf) 2

2 Repentance (tawba) 3

3 Conversion (inaba) 4

4 Fear (khawf) 4

5 Hope (raja') 5

6 Patience (sabr) 5

7 Gratitude (shukr) 6

8 Scrupulousness (wara') 6

9 Detachment (zuhd) 7

10 Dependence on God (tawakkul) 8

11 Contentment and submission (rida wa taslim) 8

12 Vigilance (muraqaba) 9

13 Self-reckoning and setting conditions (muhasaba wa musharata) 9

14 Love (mahabba) 10

15 Contemplative vision and essential vision (mushahada wa mu'ayana) 11

16 Gnosis (ma'rifa) 11

17 Piety (taqwa) 12

18 Integrity (istiqama) 12

19 Purity of intention (ikhlas) 13

20 Sincerity (sidq) 13

21 Serenity (tuma'nina) 14

22 Longing and ardor (shawq wa ishtiyaq) 15

23 Jealousy (ghayra) 15

24 Magnanimity (futuwwa) 16

25 Will (irada) 17

26 The aspirant (al-murid) 17

27 Spiritual combat (mujahada) 17

28 Sanctity (wilaya) 18

29 Freedom (hurriyya) 19

30 Servanthood ('ubudiyya) 20

31 Satisfaction (qana'a) 20

32 Well-being ('afiya) 21

33 Certainty (yaqin) 22

34 The knowledge of certainty, the eye of certainty, and the truth of certainty ('ilm al-yaqin, 'ayn al-yaqin, wa haqq al-yaqin) 23

35 Benefaction (ni'ma) 23

36 Intuition (firasa) 24

37 Character (khuluq) 26

38 Munificence, generosity, and altruism (jud, sakha', wa ithar) 26

39 Spiritual poverty (faqr) 27

40 Remembrance (dhikr) 29

41 The moment (al-waqt) 29

42 State and station (hal wa maqam) 30

43 Contraction and expansion (qabd wa bast) 32

44 Passing thoughts and intimate impressions (khawatir wa waridat) 32

45 The ego, the spirit, and the innermost being (al-nafs, al-ruh, wa-l-sirr) 34

46 Help, support, protection, guidance, direction, and firmness of purpose (nasr, ta'yid, 'isma, hidaya, rushd, wa tasdid) 36

47 Wisdom (hikma) 37

48 The intellect (al-'aql) 38

49 The affirmation of divine unity (tawhid) 40

50 The affirmation of God's uniqueness (tafrid) 41

51 Supreme unity, unicity, singularity, unity, and exclusivity (ahadiyya, ihad, fardaniyya, wahdaniyya, wa infirad) 42

52 The sublime essence (al-dhat al-'aliyya) 42

53 The dark cloud (al-'ama) 42

54 Effacement and subsistence (fana' wa baqa') 43

55 Power and wisdom (qudra wa hikma) 45

56 Separation and unification (farq wa jam') 46

57 The sensory and the intelligible (al-hiss wa-l-ma'na) 47

58 The domain, the dominions, and the omnipotence (al-mulk, al-malakut, wa-l-jabarut) 48

59 Human nature, divine nature, and the realm of infinite mercy (nasut, lahut, wa-l-rahamut) 49

60 Seeking ecstasy, ecstatic emotion, the ecstatic encounter, and pure ecstasy (tawajud, wajd, wijdan wa wujud) 50

61 Taste, drinking, drunkenness, and sobriety (dhawq, shurb, sukr, wa sahw) 52

62 Erasure and affirmation (mahw wa ithbat) 53

63 Covering and illumination (sitr wa tajalli) 54

64 Being present, discovery, and the intimate meeting (muhadara, mukashafa, wa-l-musamara) 55

65 Glimmers, flashes, and dawnings (lawa'ih, lawami', wa tawali') 56

66 Surprises and attacks (bawadih wa hujam) 57

67 Change and stability (talwin wa tamkin) 58

68 Nearness and distance (qurb wa bu'd) 59

69 The law, the way, and the truth (al-shari'a, al-tariqa, wa-l-haqiqa) 60

70 The essence and the attributes (al-dhat wa-l-sifat) 61

71 Lights and secrets (anwar wa asrar) 63

72 Consciences and innermost secrets (dama'ir wa sara'ir) 64

73 Breath (nafas) 64

74 Meditation and introspection (fikra wa nazra) 66

75 Witness (shahid) 67

76 The wine, the cup, and drinking (al-khamra, al-ka's, wa shurb) 67

77 The aspirant, the needy one, the person of blame, the one brought near (al-murid, al-faqir, al-mulamati, wa-l-muqarrab) 69

78 Devotees, ascetics, and gnostics ('ubbad, zuhhad, wa 'arifun) 70

79 The virtuous, the saints, the substitutes, the front rank, the nobles, the stakes, and the pole (al-salihun, al-awliya', al-budala', al-nuqaba', al-nujaba', al-awtad, wa-l-qutb) 70

Appendix I The Station of Tawba 79

Appendix II Correspondences 86

1 The Sufi and the Four Elements 86

2 Repentance 87

3 Patience 90

4 Gratitude 90

5 Scrupulousness 91

6 Detachment 92

7 Love 93

8 Gnosis 95

9 Integrity 95

10 Longing and Ardor 96

11 Servanthood and Freedom 98

12 The Degrees of Certainty 98

13 Remembrance 100

14 Contraction and Expansion 103

15 Passing Thoughts and Intimate Impressions 105

16 The Two Oceans 106

17 Illumination 108

18 Nearness and Distance 108

19 The Wine, the Cup, and Drinking 110

20 Transformation and Stability 113

Appendix III Biographical Listings 115

Bibliography 125

Index of Qur'anic Verses Cited 133

Index of Hadith Cited 136

General Index 139

The Arabic Text of Mi'raj al-tashawwuf ila haqa'iq al-tasawwuf 149

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