America’s educational system has a problem with boys, and it’s nothing new.
The question of what to do with boysthe "boy problem"has vexed educators and social commentators for more than a century. Contemporary debates about poor academic performance of boys, especially those of color, point to a myriad of reasons: inadequate and punitive schools, broken families, poverty, and cultural conflicts. Julia Grant offers a historical perspective on these debates and reveals that it is a perennial issue in American schooling that says much about gender and education today.
Since the birth of compulsory schooling, educators have contended with what exactly to do with boys of immigrant, poor, minority backgrounds. Initially, public schools developed vocational education and organized athletics and technical schools as well as evening and summer continuation schools in response to the concern that the American culture of masculinity devalued academic success in school.
Urban educators sought ways to deal with the "bad boys"almost exclusively poor, immigrant, or migrantwho skipped school, exhibited behavioral problems when they attended, and sometimes landed in special education classes and reformatory institutions. The problems these boys posed led to accommodations in public education and juvenile justice system.
This historical study sheds light on contemporary concerns over the academic performance of boys of color who now flounder in school or languish in the juvenile justice system. Grant's cogent analysis will interest education policy-makers and educators, as well as scholars of the history of education, childhood, gender studies, American studies, and urban history.
|Publisher:||Johns Hopkins University Press|
|Product dimensions:||9.00(w) x 6.30(h) x 0.80(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Julia Grant is a professor and associate dean at James Madison College, Michigan State University. Her books include Raising Baby by the Book: The Education of American Mothers and When Science Encounters the Child: Education, Prevention, and Child Welfare in 20th-Century America.
Table of Contents
1 Schooling the "Dangerous Classes" Reforming Boys in Nineteenth-Century America 14
2 The Nature of Boy Nature Education and Recreation for Masculinity 38
3 The Perils of Public Education Truants, Underachieves, and School Leavers 67
4 Bad or Backward? Gender and the Genesis of Special Education 93
5 "The Boys' Own Story" Masculinity, Peer Culture, and Delinquency 118
6 Black Boys and Native Sons Race, Delinquency, and Schooling in the Urban North 149
What People are Saying About This
What's the problem with boys? As Julia Grant demonstrates, the question has been with us for more than a century. Tracing our answers over time, Grant provides the first truly historical portrait of masculinity and education in the United States. Her book is imaginatively conceived, painstakingly researched, and clearly written. It will be cited, read, and adopted by scholars of education, history, and gender for many years to come.