The Canadian Environment in Political Context

The Canadian Environment in Political Context

by Andrea Olive

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Overview

The Canadian Environment in Political Context is an introduction to environmental politics designed to explain and explore how environmental policy is made inside the Canadian political arena. The book begins with a brief synopsis of environmental quality across Canada before moving on to examine political institutions and policymaking, the history of environmentalism in Canada, and crucial issues including wildlife policy, pollution, climate change, Aboriginals and the environment, and Canada's North. The book ends with a discussion of the environmental challenges and opportunities that Canada faces in the twenty-first century. Accessible and comprehensive, The Canadian Environment in Political Context is the ideal text for environmental politics and policy courses.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781442608719
Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Higher Education Division
Publication date: 12/18/2015
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Andrea Olive is Assistant Professor of Political Science and Geography at the University of Toronto Mississauga.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgements

Preface



Chapter 1. The Canadian Environment



Environmental Quality and Indicators

Air Quality

Water Quality

Agriculture and Land

Fish and Fisheries

Forests

Biodiversity and Species at Risk

Factors Affecting Environmental Quality

Urbanization

Population and Immigration

Affluence

Quality and Impact Assessment

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 2. Canadian Politics and Institutions



Canada's Political Institutions

Executive Branch

Legislative Branch

Judicial Branch

Federalism

Québec and Canada

The Provinces and Canada

Aboriginal Peoples and Canada

Multiple Levels of Governance

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 3. Making Policy in Canada



Policy Actors

Political Parties

Interest Groups

The Media

Citizen Experts

Citizens

The Policy Process

When a Model Is Only a Model

Actors and the Process

Policy Instruments and Tools

Defining Environmental Policy

Policymaking in the Provinces

Policymaking in the Territories

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 4. The History of Environmentalism in Canada



Natural History Pre-1867

National Parks

The Environmental Eras

Third Wave

End of the Third Wave and the Rise of the Green Party

Environmentalism and Ideology

Canadian Environmental Policy and Policy Tools

Environmental Policy under Conservative Party Leadership, 2006–15

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 5. The Conservation of Species at Risk



Why Care?

Federal Conservation of Wildlife

The Federal Government and the Species at Risk Act

Provinces and Species at Risk

The Role of Cities

The Role of NGOs

The Role of Citizens

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 6. Water, Air, and Chemical Pollution



The Politics of Water

Water Management

The Federal Government and Water

The Provinces and Water

Water Permits

Water Quality

Transprovincial Water

The Role of Cities in Water Policy

The Role of NGOs in Water Policy

The Role of Citizens in Water Policy

Air Pollution

The Federal Government and Air Pollution Policy

The Provinces and Air Pollution Policy

The Role of Cities

The Role of NGOs

The Role of Citizens

Chemicals and Pollution

Federal Chemical Policy

The Provinces and Chemicals

The Role of Cities

The Role of NGOs

The Role of Citizens

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 7. The Politics and Policy of Land: From Agriculture to Forests to Cities



Agriculture Policy

The Federal Government and Agriculture

The Provinces and Agriculture

The Role of Cities

The Role of NGOs

The Role of Citizens

Forestry Policy

The Federal Government and Forestry

The Provinces and Forestry

The Role of Cities

The Role of NGOs

The Role of Citizens

Urban Land Policy

Provinces, Cities and Urban Land

The Role of NGOs

The Role of Citizens

Urban Land Policy

Provinces, Cities, and Urban Land

The Role of NGOs

The Role of Citizens

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 8. Energy Policy and Climate Change



Canada's Energy Needs

Energy Production and Consumption: Regionalism in Canada

Federal Energy Policy

The National Energy Board

Provincial Energy Policy and Politics

Climate Change and Energy Policy

Federal Climate Policy

Provincial Climate Policy

The Role of Cities in Climate Change Policy

The Role of NGOs in Climate and Energy Policy

The Role of Citizens in Climate and Energy Policy

Policy Options and Obstacles

Conclusion

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 9. Aboriginal People and the Environment



Who Are Aboriginals?

Demographics and Geography

Aboriginals and the Environment

Understanding Canada's Aboriginal Law

Aboriginal Land and Environmental Policy Today

Pipelines

Water

Species at Risk

Conclusion

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 10. Politics and Policy in the North and Far North



What is the Arctic? Where is the Arctic?

"Discovery" and Sovereignty

American Influence on Canada's Arctic

Laws in the Arctic

Aboriginal Co-Management of the North

The Arctic Council and Arctic Governance

Domestic Policy: Canada's Northern Strategy

Energy politics in the North

The Mackenzie Gas Project

The Trans Alaska Pipeline and the Canada-Alaska Pipeline

The Northwest Passage

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 11. The Canadian Environment in a Global Context



Global Institutions and Canada's Role

Financial Organizations and Mechanisms

International Law and Canada

International Case Studies

Ozone Depletion

Biodiversity Protection

Hazardous Chemicals

Climate Change

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Chapter 12. The Canadian Environment in the Twenty-First Century



Policy Evaluation

Looking Back and Evaluating

Looking Forward and Environmental Leadership

The Future of Climate Change: Domestic

The Future of Climate Change: International

A Fourth Wave of Environmentalism?

Our Future and Sustainable Development

Federalism and Canada's Environment in the Twenty-First Century

Conclusions

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Suggested Readings



Glossary

References

Index

What People are Saying About This

Carolyn Johns

This book is a welcome addition to the field of environmental politics and policy in Canada. Students will benefit from the emphasis on political context as a way to understand the state of the environment in Canada and the challenges of charting a different future. Written with one cohesive voice, the narrative in the book places particular emphasis on federalism and economic regionalism while also including historical and global perspectives as important foundations for understanding environmental politics and policy in Canada.

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