ISBN-10:
1509935711
ISBN-13:
9781509935710
Pub. Date:
12/26/2019
Publisher:
Hart Publishing
The Causes of War: Volume III: 1400 CE to 1650 CE

The Causes of War: Volume III: 1400 CE to 1650 CE

by Alexander Gillespie
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Overview

This is the third volume of a projected five-volume series charting the causes of war from 3000 BCE to the present day, written by a leading international lawyer, and using as its principal materials the documentary history of international law, largely in the form of treaties and the negotiations which led up to them. These volumes seek to show why millions of people, over thousands of years, slew each other. In departing from the various theories put forward by historians, anthropologists and psychologists, Gillespie offers a different taxonomy of the causes of war, focusing on the broader settings of politics, religion, migrations and empire-building. These four contexts were dominant and often overlapping justifications during the first four thousand years of human civilisation, for which written records exist.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781509935710
Publisher: Hart Publishing
Publication date: 12/26/2019
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 6.65(w) x 9.60(h) x (d)

About the Author

Alexander Gillespie is Professor of Law at the University of Waikato, New Zealand.

Table of Contents

I Introduction 1

1 The Conversation on Sunday Afternoon 1

2 Utopia 1

3 Facts 3

4 Casus Belli in Practice 3

5 This Volume 4

II Crowns, Dynasty and Territory 7

1 Introduction 7

2 The Hundred Years' War 7

A The Removal of Kings 7

B The Regional and International Context 9

C Henry V 11

i The Treaty of Troyes 13

D Henry VI and Charles VII 14

i The Treaty of Arras 15

3 The Wars of the Roses 17

A Richard, Duke of York 17

B Edward IV 19

C Richard III 22

D Henry VII 23

4 The Wars for the Expansion of France 25

A Charles the Bold 25

B Switzerland and the Alliance with Louis XI 26

C Mary of Burgundy 28

D The Archduke Maximilian 28

E Charles VIII 29

F Anne of Brittany 30

5 The Italian Wars 31

A The Paradigm 31

B The Context 33

C The French Invasion of Italy 36

D Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain 39

E Louis XII 41

F Pope Julius II 42

G The Young Henry VIII 44

H Francis 1 47

I The Emperor Charles V 49

J The Widening War 51

K The Peace Treaties to End the Italian Wars 52

i The Treaty of Madrid and the League of Cognac 52

ii The Peace of Cambrai 54

iii The Peace of Crépy 55

iv The Treaty of Gateau-Cambrésis 56

6 Conclusion 57

III Religious Wars in Europe: The Beginning 60

1 Introduction 60

2 The Absolute Power of the Pope 60

3 The Hussite Wars 62

4 Albert II, Frederick III and Maximilian I 64

5 Martin Luther 67

6 The Peasants' War 71

7 The Influence of Luther 73

8 War in Germany 77

9 The Peace of Augsburg 80

10 Conclusion 81

IV Religion and Power in England 83

1 Introduction 83

2 Henry VIII 83

A Henry's Marriage to Catherine of Aragon and His 'Cleansing' of the Church in England 83

B The Dissolution of the Monasteries 86

C The Last Wars of Henry VIII 88

3 Edward VI 90

4 Mary Tudor 92

A Philip II of Spain 94

5 Elizabeth I 96

A Mary Queen of Scots 99

B War with Spain and the Death of a Queen 102

C The Spanish Armada 107

6 James I/VI 110

7 Conclusion 113

V The Wars of Religion in France 115

1 Introduction 115

2 The Huguenots 115

A Introduction 115

B Catherine de' Medici 116

C Henri of Navarre/Henri IV of France 119

i The St Bartholomew's Day Massacre 119

ii Henri III and the Catholic League 120

iii Reconciliation and Assassination 122

iv Henri IV's Conversion to Catholicism 123

v The Edict of Nantes 124

3 Conclusion 126

VI The Rise of the Dutch Republic 127

1 Introduction 127

2 A Legacy of Autonomy 127

3 William of Orange 129

4 The Act of Abjuration 132

5 Philip III and the Twelve Years' Truce 134

6 Conclusion 135

VII The Culmination: The Thirty Years' War 136

1 Introduction 136

2 The Irony 136

3 Rudolf II 138

4 The Rebellion in Bohemia 140

5 Frederick V 141

6 Containing the War 144

A England 144

B France 145

7 The Expanding War: Denmark 147

8 The Expanding War: Sweden 150

9 The Expanding War: France 153

10 The Peace of Westphalia 155

11 Rethinking War: Crucé, Sully and Grotius 158

12 Conclusion 160

VIII The English Civil War 162

1 Introduction 162

2 Charles I 162

A The Divine Right of Kings 162

B Personal Rule 164

C The Short Parliament 166

D The Long Parliament 166

E Ireland 169

3 The First Civil War 171

A The Levellers 173

4 The Second Civil War 175

A The Execution of the King 176

B Cromwell in Ireland 178

5 Conclusion 179

IX Eastern Europe 181

1 Introduction 181

2 Poland and Lithuania 181

A Independence 181

B Social Context 182

3 Russia 184

A Ivan the Great 185

B Clashes Between Poland-Lithuania and Russia 188

C Ivan the Terrible 189

i Internal Conflict 190

ii External Conflicts 190

D Sigismund III Vasa 193

E The Time of Troubles 194

F Mikhail Romanov 197

4 Conclusion 199

X The New World 201

1 Introduction 201

2 Precedents 201

3 The New World 202

4 The Requirement 205

A Hernan Cortes 208

B Francisco Pizarro 210

5 England and the New World 212

6 The Colonies in North America 214

7 Slavery 217

8 Conclusion 224

XI The Muslim World 226

1 Introduction 226

2 Inter-Family Wars and Coups 226

3 Inter-Islam Wars: Sunni v Sunni 228

4 Inter-Islam Wars: Sunni v Shia 231

A The Treaty of Amasya 234

5 Muslim and Christian Wars 236

A The End of the Byzantine Empire 236

B The Eastern Mediterranean and the Adriatic 237

C The Western Mediterranean 243

D North Africa 248

E Spain 250

F India 253

6 Conclusion 255

XII Asia 257

1 Introduction 257

2 The Ming and Their Neighbours 257

3 The Imjin War 260

4 The Qing 264

5 Conclusion 270

XIII Conclusion 271

Index 277

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