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The Child Welfare Challenge: Policy, Practice, and Research / Edition 2
     

The Child Welfare Challenge: Policy, Practice, and Research / Edition 2

by Peter J Pecora, James K Whittaker, Robert D. Plotnick, James K. Whittaker, Peter J. Pecora
 

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ISBN-10: 0202361268

ISBN-13: 9780202361260

Pub. Date: 01/31/2001

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This newly revised and updated edition of a widely adopted text continues to address a broad array of issues in supporting children and strengthening families. It includes key information about federal legislation as well as policy-related outcomes research in child welfare. The first edition of The Child Welfare Challenge was hailed by Social Work as

Overview

This newly revised and updated edition of a widely adopted text continues to address a broad array of issues in supporting children and strengthening families. It includes key information about federal legislation as well as policy-related outcomes research in child welfare. The first edition of The Child Welfare Challenge was hailed by Social Work as "an excellent source from which to gain an in-depth understanding of the practice and policy dimensions of child maltreatment, foster care, and adoption" and by the Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare as "essential reading for anyone interested in knowing more about child welfare practice in social work." Within a historical and contemporary context, this book examines major policy, practice, and research issues as they jointly shape current child welfare practice and possible future directions. In addition to describing the major challenges facing the child welfare field, the book highlights some of the service innovations that have been developed, as these could be used to help address some of these challenges. In child welfare the focus is on families and children whose primary recourse to services has been through publicly funded agencies. The contributors consider historical areas of service—foster care and adoptions, in-home family-centered services, child-protective services, and residential services—in which social work has a legitimate, long-standing, and important mission. This is a comprehensive book, but one that appreciates the fact that many areas, such as daycare and early intervention, invite exploration. It is unique in that each chapter describes how policy initiatives and research can or should influence program design and implementation.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780202361260
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
01/31/2001
Series:
Modern Applications of Social Work Series
Edition description:
REVISED
Pages:
613
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.37(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xv
The Purpose and Goals of Child Welfare Services
Child Welfare Services as a Critical and Changing Resource for Families in America
1(3)
Philosophical Underpinnings of Child Welfare Services
4(4)
Mission and Goals of Child Welfare Services
8(1)
Key Goals and Outcomes for Child Welfare Services
9(4)
Significant Costs and Complex Family Situations: Crucial System Challenges
13(1)
Practice Transformations
14(6)
Conclusion
20(1)
Notes
20(1)
For Further Information
20(1)
Understanding the Policy Context for Child Welfare
Introduction
21(1)
What Is Policy?
22(3)
Some Population Statistics from the 1990 Decennial Census
25(1)
Family Issues and Trends
26(3)
Major National Legislation That Has Helped Shape Child Welfare Services
29(23)
Substance Abuse, Imprisonment of Women, and HIV: Policy Implications
52(5)
Opportunities for Policy Practice
57(3)
Conclusion
60(1)
Notes
61(1)
For Further Information
62(3)
Child and Family-Centered Services
Conceptual Framework for Family-Centered Practice
65(13)
Applying a Family-Centered Practice
78(3)
Establishing a Continuum of Services
81(7)
Conclusion
88(4)
Notes
92(1)
For Further Information
93(3)
Economic Security for Families with Children
The Economic Status of Families with Children
96(6)
Child Maltreatment and Other Consequences of Poverty
102(2)
Policies to Reduce Child Poverty
104(17)
Program Challenge: Doing a Better Job of Reducing Poverty and Increasing Economic Security among Children
121(3)
Conclusion
124(1)
Notes
125(1)
For Further Information
126(2)
Child Maltreatment Incidence, the Casework Process, and Services for Physically Abused Children
Introduction
128(1)
Conceptualizing Child Maltreatment
128(3)
Definition and Incidence of Child Maltreatment in the United States
131(3)
Who Is Served? Current Statistical Data on Child Abuse and Neglect
134(6)
Child Maltreatment Severity and Reporting
140(1)
Child Protective Services as a Major Program Area in Child Welfare
141(2)
Intake in Child Welfare and Child Protective Services
143(4)
Theoretical Perspectives Regarding the Contributing Factors to Child Maltreatment
147(4)
Physical Abuse
151(6)
Treatment of Physical Abuse
157(3)
Program Challenges
160(3)
Recommendations for CPS Program Improvement
163(5)
Conclusion
168(1)
Notes
168(1)
For Further Information
169(2)
Sexual Abuse: Prevention and Treatment
Introduction
171(12)
Treatment of Sexual Abuse
183(8)
Current Program Challenges
191(2)
Conclusion
193(1)
Notes
193(1)
For Further Information
194(2)
Child Neglect and Psychological Maltreatment
Physical Neglect
196(13)
Nonorganic Failure to Thrive as a Special Case of Neglect
209(6)
Psychological Maltreatment
215(11)
Current Policy, Practice, and Research Issues in Neglect and Psychological Maltreatment
226(1)
Conclusion
227(1)
Notes
228(1)
For Further Information
228(1)
Family Support and Other Preventive Services Related to Child Welfare
Introduction
229(1)
A Framework for Prevention
230(1)
A Program Typology of Family Support and Family-Based Services
231(8)
Family Resource, Support, and Education Services
239(19)
Conclusion
258(3)
Notes
261(1)
For Further Information
261(1)
Family-Based and Intensive Family Preservation Services
Introduction
262(2)
Family-Based Services
264(1)
History of Family-Based Services
265(10)
Intervention Components
275(16)
Selected Program Implementation Challenges in Family-Based and Intensive Family Preservation Services
291(3)
Conclusion
294(1)
Notes
295(1)
For Further Information
296(2)
Family Foster Care
Evolution of Family Foster Care
298(5)
Definition and Purpose of Family Foster Care
303(2)
Children and Youth in Family Foster Care and Their Families
305(9)
Professionalization of Foster Parents
314(4)
Training of Social Workers and Foster Parents
318(1)
Effectiveness of Services
319(5)
Current Status of Family Foster Care
324(2)
Conclusion
326(1)
Notes
327(1)
For Further Information
328(2)
Family Reunification
An Expanded Definition of Family Reunification
330(2)
Underlying Principles and Guidelines
332(3)
Family Reunification Competencies
335(3)
Effectiveness of Family Reunification Services
338(9)
Kinship Care
347(8)
The Reunification of Very Young Children from Foster Care
355(4)
Recurring Issues and Dilemmas
359(1)
Conclusion
360(1)
Notes
361(1)
For Further Information
361(2)
Adoption
Introduction
363(6)
Major Adoption Legislation
369(9)
Current Adoption Practice
378(13)
Model Practices and Programs
391(11)
Current Program Challenges
402(1)
Conclusion
403(1)
For Further Information
404(2)
Residential Group Care Services
The Ambivalence Toward Group Child Care as a Helping Service
406(5)
The Research Base for Group Child Care
411(8)
Varieties of Residential Services
419(7)
Future Challenges for Residential Child and Youth Care Services
426(3)
Conclusion
429(2)
Organizational Requisites for Child Welfare Services
Introduction
431(2)
Establishing a Clear Agency Mission, Philosophy, and Program Objectives
433(4)
Recruitment, Selection, and Training of Child Welfare Personnel
437(2)
Challenges to Professionalizing Child Welfare Staff
439(8)
Specifying Measurable Performance Criteria and Appraisal Methods
447(1)
Evaluation of Services
448(2)
Providing Quality Supervision
450(4)
Addressing Organizational and Worker Liability
454(2)
Conclusion
456(1)
Notes
456(1)
For Further Information
457(1)
Appendix A: Special Issues in Child Abuse and Neglect
Historical Overview of CPS in the United States
458(3)
Child Abuse and Neglect
461(6)
Special Groups and Child Maltreatment
467(2)
CPS Intake Challenges
469(7)
Risk Assessment Concepts and Issues
476(4)
Cultural Issues in Child Protective Services
480(2)
Conclusion
482(3)
References 485(84)
Subject Index 569(16)
Author Index 585

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